Kidney Failure - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Kidney Failure in Urdu

گردوں کی ناکامی کی حالت میں گردے اپنا کام کرنا چھوڑ دیتے ہین اور جسم سے زہریلے مادوں کا اخراج رک جاتا ہے۔ اس بارؤعث صحت کت بہت سے مسائل سامنے آ سکتے ہیں اور مریض کی زندگی کو خطرات لاحق ہو سکتے ہیں۔

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Dr. Shafiq Cheema


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Summary about Kidney Failure in English

Kidneys remove the waste and toxins from the blood. A pair of kidneys are located near the lower back. Kidneys are one of the vital organs of the body and mainly work to filter the waste products from the blood. Kidneys remove the waste and send to the bladder and after the sending, these waste products are later removed through urination. Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys are unable to remove the wastes and toxins from the blood. The body becomes overloaded with toxins if toxins are not removed from the blood due to kidney failure. This condition is life-threatening.

Sometimes due to some kind of injury by surgical procedure, infection or some ailment this basic function of the kidney shuts down. This condition is known as kidney failure.

To treat kidney failure medication, special diet plans and surgical procedures are used. Only good nephrologists can help in this regard. To consult the best nephrologist in all major cities of Pakistan.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure

Kidney failure may manifest in the form of various symptoms that differ according to the stage of the disease. Most commonly observed nonspecific sign and symptoms of kidney failure include the following:

  • Decreased urination
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in sleep pattern
  • Dry skin
  • Puffiness in the area surrounding eyes
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Lethargy
  • Abnormal heartbeat
  • Fluid retention
  • Seizures or coma

Causes of Kidney Failure

Kidney failure can result due to some acute reasons injuring kidneys or because of chronic diseases that slow down kidneys functioning gradually. Other causes of kidney failure include:

  • Low blood volume
  • Dehydration
  • Misuse or side effects of certain medicines
  • Obstruction in blood flow to and from kidneys
  • Blockages in ureters resulting in obstruction of urine flow

Risk Factors of Kidney Failure

Risk factors for kidney failure include:

A family history of anemia, high blood pressure, heart diseases, and diabetes. These all conditions can affect blood flow and physiology of kidneys negatively ultimately leading to kidney failure.

Preventive Measures of Kidney Failure

People with chronic diseases like hypertension and diabetes should make maximum efforts to keep these under control. Healthy individuals should avoid smoking, medication misuse, and self-medication. Also staying appropriately hydrated is essential to keep kidneys healthy.

Types of Kidney Failure

Kidney failure can be of two types:

  • Acute renal failure
  • Chronic kidney failure

Acute kidney failure develops suddenly and chronic kidney failure develops over years due to diseases like diabetes.

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