Since 1988 the vaccine has significantly reduced the number of babies that have developed the diseases. "In the first months, your baby was protected by your antibodies (from your breast milk or from your blood in the womb), but it is gradually losing its effect," says midwife Sharon Trotter. Vaccines act as a defense barrier and help your baby's body develop tolerance to certain viruses that can make you sick. Rubella, also known as German measles or three-day measles, is an infectious viral infection that is best known for its characteristic red skin rash. Rubella is not the same as measles (rubella), although both diseases have some features, including the red rash. However, rubella is caused by a virus other than measles and is not as contagious or serious as measles.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, which is usually given to children in the US twice before school age, is very effective in the prevention of rubella. Due to the widespread use of the vaccine, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have declared that rubella is being eliminated in the United States, but parents are encouraged to ensure that their children are vaccinated to avoid it. Major symptoms of this infection are:
- fever greater than 40 °C
- a cough
- a runny nose
- inflamed eyes
- Koplik's spots inside the mouth
- red, flat rash on the face and body
Vaccination is the best method of prevention. And for treatment antiviral drugs are recommended.