What is Endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a disease common in females and affects 10% of women worldwide that develops when the tissues similar to the lining of the uterus grow outside the uterus in the pelvic region. Endometriosis generally affects the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissue lining of the pelvis. This condition causes intense pain and heavy periods as the tissues that are similar to the endometrium, thicken and break similar to the endometrium.
Endometriosis treatment in Rahim Yar Khan is provided by the Gynecologist doctor.
Causes of Endometriosis
The possible causes of endometriosis are unknown but the possible reasons causing endometriosis include;
Retrograde menstruation - also known as reverse menstruation during which the menstrual blood flows back into the fallopian tube
Immune system disorders - during which the immune system fails to recognize the endometriosis tissue growth
Symptoms of Endometriosis
Some of the commonly experienced symptoms of endometriosis include the following;
Pelvic pain is associated with menstrual pain but is more severe and intense
Pain during or after sex
Pain during urination, especially when you have periods
Heavy bleeding during menstruation
Excessive bloating, constipation, and diarrhea during periods
Bleeding and spotting during the menstrual cycle is a common indication of endometriosis
Diagnosis of endometriosis
Endometriosis is diagnosed based on the symptoms you experience. The gynecologist may ask for personal and family history to evaluate the disease.
The tests may include;
Pelvic exam: During the pelvic exam, the doctor feels the cysts in the uterus. The smaller areas of endometriosis are difficult to be detected by pelvic examination
Ultrasound: It helps in diagnosing the ovarian cysts in the ovaries that develop from endometriosis
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging is an imaging technique used for a detailed image of the pelvic region
Laparoscopy: It is a minimally invasive procedure to look inside the pelvic region for diagnostic purposes. However, during certain cases, the doctor may take a sample of the tissues during endometriosis for evaluation
Treatment of Endometriosis in Rahim Yar Khan
Depending on the severity of the symptoms, endometriosis involves the following treatment options;
Medications like NSAIDs are often prescribed to reduce the intensity of the pain
Hormone therapy including progestin and birth control pills (contraceptives) is often prescribed
Surgery is recommended in severe cases when the tissue growths do not respond to the medication. It is performed to remove endometrial lesions.
Complications associated with Endometriosis
If left untreated, endometriosis may result in certain complications such as;
Infertility is associated with endometriosis as the fallopian tube gets damaged. This does not allow the egg to reach the sperm for fertilization leading to infertility
Progression to cancer especially the ovarian cancer
Damage to the uterus and other organs
Development of scar tissues and adhesions
Development of ovarian cysts
Problems with urination
Prevention of Endometriosis
Endometriosis can not be prevented but the risks of the disease may be lowered by certain lifestyle modifications that may include;
Risks of Endometriosis
Endometriosis can affect any woman of reproductive age however, the risks of developing the disease increase in certain conditions that include;
Family history of endometriosis
Menstruation that started at an early age (below 11 years)
Short menstrual cycle
Heavy menstrual bleeding that lasts for greater than 7 days
Never giving birth
Low BMI (body mass index)
Menopause at an older age
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