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Mumps - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Mumps in Urdu

یہ ایک وائرل انفیکشن ہے جو بنیادی طور پر کانوں کے قریب واقع سالائیوری غدود پر حملہ کرتی ہے. ممپس ایک یا دونوں غدود کی سوزش کر سکتا ہے. ممپس ایک عام بیماری تھی لیکن ویکسین   اس کے استعمال کے بعد سے، اس کےمریضوں کی تعداد میں کافی کمی آئی ہے۔ ممپس متاثرہ شخص سے دوسروں میں کھانسنے ، چھینکنے اور کھانے پینے کے برتنوں کے ذریعے پھیل سکتی ہے۔  

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Summary about Mumps in English

Mumps is a viral infection that primarily attacks the salivary glands located near the ears. Mumps can cause swelling of one or both glands. Mumps was common in the United States until the mumps vaccine became routine. Since then, the number of cases has decreased considerably. However, mumps outbreaks continue to occur in the United States and the number of cases has increased in recent years. These symptoms usually affect people who are not vaccinated and who have close contact with schools or colleges. The complications of mumps, such as hearing loss, are potentially serious. There is no special treatment for the mumps.

Symptoms of Mumps

Some people who are infected with mumps have no symptoms or have mild symptoms. If signs and symptoms appear, they usually appear about two to three weeks after exposure to the virus. The main symptom of mumps is the swelling of the salivary glands, which looks like swelling on the cheeks. Other symptoms can be:

  • Pain in swollen salivary glands on one or both sides of the face

  • Pain when chewing or swallowing

  • Fever

  • A headache

  • Muscle aches

  • Weakness and tiredness

  • Anorexia

Causes of Mumps

Mumps is caused by mumps virus which can be transmitted from an infected person to others. Mode of transmission is usually saliva and droplets from coughing or sneezing. Healthy people can get affected by sharing eating utensils with patients.

Risk Factors of Mumps

People who are not vaccinated against this disease are at an elevated risk of catching this infection. Mumps is also common in people in contact with schools and colleges. 

Preventive Measures of Mumps

The best way to prevent mumps is to vaccinate against this disease. Most people are immune to mumps when fully vaccinated. The mumps vaccine is usually given in combination with the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine, which contains the safest and most effective form of each vaccine. It is recommended to administer two doses of MMR vaccine before the child goes to school. These vaccines should be given when the child:

  • From 12 to 15 months
  • From 4 to 6 years old

Students, international travelers, and health care providers should ensure that they have received two doses of the MMR vaccine. A single dose is not fully effective in preventing mumps. Mumps is a viral infection that primarily attacks the salivary glands located near the ears. Mumps can cause swelling of one or both glands

However, your doctor may recommend a third dose if you are in an emergency zone. A recent study by a mump on a university campus showed that students who received the third dose of MMR vaccine had a significantly lower risk of contracting the disease.

Side effects of the vaccine

The MMR vaccine is very effective and safe. The MMR vaccine is much safer than a pig. Most people do not experience any side effects of the vaccine. Some people suffer from mild fever, rash or joint pain for a short time. In rare cases, children who receive the MMR vaccine may have seizures due to fever. However, these crises are not linked to a long-term problem. Many reports - from the American Academy of Pediatrics, the Institute of Medicine and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - say there is no association between the MMR vaccine and autism.

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