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Meningitis Symptom, Types, Causes and Treatment

Meningitis in Urdu

دماغ کے اردگرد جھلیوں کی ایک پرت موجود ہوتی ہے جن کو میننجیز کہا جاتا ہے۔ ان جھلیوں میں انفیکشن اور سوجن کی وجہ سے ہونے والی بیماری کو میننجائٹس، دماغ کا بخار یا گردن توڑ بخار بھی کہا جاتا ہے۔ یہ بیماری بیکٹیریا یا وائرس کی وجہ سے ہو سکتی ہے۔ وائرل میننجائٹس زیادہ عام ہے۔ اس مرض کی علامات عمر اور بیماری کی وجہ کے مطابق ہر مریضمیں مختلف ہو سکتی ہیں۔ گردن کے پٹھوں میں کھچائو، سردی لگنا، قے اور اسہال کے علاوہ دیگر علامات بھی سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔

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Summary about Meningitis in English

Britton Donna, 31, of North Yorkshire, was getting ready for Christmas when she had a very bad headache. At first, she thought it was a migraine, but when her symptoms worsened, she was taken to the hospital. Tests showed that he was suffering from viral meningitis. Let's discuss what is meningitis, symptoms, causes, types, and prevention. 

Inflammation of the membrane of the meninges is called Meningitis. Meningitis meaning in Urdu is Gardan Tor Bukhar. The swelling of meningitis usually causes symptoms such as a headache, fever, and stiff neck. In the United States, most cases of meningitis are caused by a viral infection. But bacterial infections, parasites, and fungal infections are others. Some cases of meningitis improve in a few weeks without treatment. Others can be life-threatening and require emergency treatment with antibiotics. Seek immediate medical attention if you suspect a person with meningitis. For the prevention from the serious complication, early treatment is necessary.

Symptoms of Meningitis

The first symptoms of meningitis can mimic the flu. Symptoms can appear for hours or days. Possible signs and symptoms in people over 2 years of age are:

  • Sudden fever

  • Stiff neck

  • Strong headaches that seem different from normal

  • Headache with nausea or vomiting.

  • Confusion or difficulty concentrating.

  • Seizures

  • Drowsiness or difficulty waking up

  • Photosensitivity

  • No appetite or thirst

  • Rash (sometimes as meningococcal meningitis)

Causes of Meningitis

Bacterial meningitis

Bacteria that enter the bloodstream of the brain and spinal cord cause acute bacterial meningitis. But this can also happen if bacteria penetrate directly into the meninges. This can be caused by an ear infection or sinusitis, a skull fracture or, more rarely, following certain surgeries. Multiple bacterial strains can cause acute bacterial meningitis, mostly:

Streptococcus pneumoniae 

This bacterium is the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in infants, toddlers, and adults in the United States. It usually causes pneumonia or infections of the ear or sinuses. A vaccine can help prevent this infection.

Neisseria meningitis 

This bacterium is another major cause of bacterial meningitis. These bacteria usually cause upper respiratory infection but can cause meningococcal meningitis when they enter the bloodstream. It is a highly contagious infection that affects mostly adolescents and young adults. Local epidemics can occur in student dormitories, boarding schools, and military bases. A vaccine can help to prevent infections.

Haemophilus influenzae (Haemophilus).

The bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) was once the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children. However, new vaccines against Hib have drastically reduced the number of cases of this type of meningitis.

Listeria monocytogenes (Listeria).

These bacteria can be found in unpasteurized cheese, hot dogs and cold cuts. Meningitis most common in pregnant women, newborns, the elderly and people with weakened immune systems. Listeria can cross the placental barrier and end of pregnancy infections can be fatal to the baby.

Viral meningitis

Viral meningitis is usually benign and often disappears by itself. In the United States, most cases are caused by a group of viruses called enteroviruses. These viruses occur more frequently in late summer and early autumn. Viruses such as herpes simplex virus, HIV, mumps, West Nile virus and others can also cause viral meningitis.

Risk Factors of Meningitis

The risk factors for meningitis are:

Skip the vaccines.

The risk increases for people who have not complied with the recommended immunization plan for children or adults.


Most cases of viral meningitis occur in children under five years of age. Bacterial meningitis is common in children under 20 years of age.

Live in a community.

College students living in residential homes, military base staff, and boarding and daycare children are at increased risk for meningococcal meningitis. This is probably due to the fact that the bacterium spreads through the airways and spreads rapidly in large groups.


Pregnancy increases the risk of listeriosis, an infection caused by Listeria bacteria, which can also cause meningitis.

Compromised immune system.

AIDS, alcoholism, diabetes, the use of immunosuppressants and other factors that affect your immune system also make you more susceptible to meningitis. If your spleen has been removed, your risk also increases. Anyone who does not have a spleen should be vaccinated to minimize this risk.

Preventive Measures of Meningitis

Bacteria or viruses that cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, cookware, toothbrush or cigarette. These steps can help prevent meningitis:

Wash hands:

Careful hand washing prevents the spread of germs. Teach children to wash their hands frequently, especially before eating and having spent time in a public place or pet after using the bathroom. Show them how to wash and rinse their hands vigorously.

Good hygiene.

Do not share drinks, food, straws, kitchen utensils, lip balms or toothbrushes. Teach children and adolescents not to share these items with others.

Stay healthy.

Keep your immune system calm, work out regularly and eat healthy foods rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

Cover your mouth.

If you need to cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose. If you are pregnant, be careful with the food. Reduce the risk of listeriosis by cooking meat, including sausages, at 74 ° C (165 ° F). Avoid cheese with unpasteurized milk. Choose a cheese that is clearly labeled as pasteurized milk.


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