Peripheral Vascular Disease - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Peripheral Vascular Disease in Urdu

پیریفرل ویسکولر ڈزیز سے مراد دوران خون کی ایسی بیماری ہے جو وقت کے ساتھ بڑھتی ہے ۔ اس کا بنیاد ی سبب خون کی نالیوں میں رکاوٹ یا تنگ ہونا ہوتا ہے
اس بیماری کو پیریفرل آرٹری ڈزيز بھی کہتے ہیں جو دل کے باہر کی خون کی نالیوں کو بھی متاثر کر سکتی ہے جس میں وریدیں، شریانیں اور خون کی دیگرنالیاں بھی شامل ہوتی ہیں ۔اس بیماری کی وجہ سے خون اور ٹانگوں کو خون کی فراہمی سب سے زيادہ متاثر ہوتی ہے-

اس بیماری میں مبتلا نصف افراد میں کسی قسم کی علامات ظاہر نہیں ہوتی ہیں ۔ اس بیماری کی سب سے پہلی تکلیف دہ علامات ٹانگوں میں شدید بل پڑنا ہے جو اکثر ورزش کے دوران پڑتے ہیں اور آرام کرنے کی صورت میں ٹھیک بھی ہو جاتے ہیں اس بیماری کی دیگر علامات کچھ اس طرح سے ہو سکتی ہیں
جلد میں تبدیلی آنا کھردری اور پتلی ہو جاتی ہے جب کہ ٹانگوں کی اور پیروں کی جلد چمک دار ہو جاتی ہے اس کے علاوہ جلد کا درجہ حرارت بھی کم ہو جاتا ہے
بانجھ پن
گنگرین کا ہو جاتا ( خون کی فراہمی کے کم ہو جانے کی وجہ سے )
پیروں اور ٹانگوں میں کمزور دوران خون
ٹانگوں کے بالوں کا جھڑ جانا
پٹھوں کا سن ہونا یا بھاری پن اور کمزوری
ایڑیوں اور ٹخنوں پر لگنے والے زخموں کا نہ بھرنا
ٹانگوں کو اوپر کرنے  پر جلد کا پیلا پن
لیٹنے پر ایڑیوں اور پیروں میں درد کا بڑھ جانا
چلنے پھرنے میں دشواری
جسم پر نیل پڑ جانا
پیروں کے ناخنوں کا موٹا ہو جانا
شریانوں کے بند ہونے یا رکاوٹ کی صورت میں شدید درد ہونا

Doctors For Peripheral Vascular Disease

Profile Photo of Interventional Cardiologist in Lahore - Dr. Muhammad Nabeel Akbar Chaudhry

Dr. Muhammad Nabeel Akbar Chaudhry

Interventional Cardiologist, Cardiologist

MBBS, FCPS (Cardiology), FRCP(London), FACC, FSCAI

Experience

14 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

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Rs. 2,500

Cardiomed Clinic, Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,500 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Punjab Institute Of Cardiology Hospital, Jail Road, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

Profile Photo of Interventional Cardiologist in Islamabad - Dr. Mamoon Qadir

Dr. Mamoon Qadir

Interventional Cardiologist, Cardiologist, Interventional Cardiologist

MBBS , (Gold Medalist) , MCPS , MRCP , (UK), , MRCPS , (Glasgow) FRCP ( Glasgow ) FRCP

Experience

20 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Kulsoom International Hospital, Blue Area G-7, Islamabad

Available Today

Rs. 2,000

Kulsum International Hospital, Blue Area G-7, Islamabad

Available from Mar 02

Rs. 2,000

Profile Photo of Interventional Cardiologist in Quetta - Dr. Waqar Azim

Dr. Waqar Azim

Interventional Cardiologist, Cardiologist

MBBS(Gold Medalist), MD(USA), FCPS (Cardiology), MRCP(UK), Diplomat Echo Board (USA)

Experience

12 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Sultan Tareen Health Care & Transplant Institute, Zarghun Road, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Cardiologist in Quetta - Assoc. Prof. Dr. Huma Naeem Tareen

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Huma Naeem Tareen

Cardiologist, Interventional Cardiologist

MBBS,(Position Holder) FCPS (Cardiology), Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology(AFIC)

Experience

12 Yrs

Satisfaction

94%

Video Consultation

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Rs. 1,000

Rahat Medical Complex, Quetta City, Quetta

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Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Interventional Cardiologist in Quetta - Dr. Asfand Yar Kakar

Dr. Asfand Yar Kakar

Interventional Cardiologist, Cardiologist

M.B.B.S, F.C.P.S, Fellowship In Interventional Cardiology(NICVD)

Experience

5 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Video Consultation

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Rs. 1,000

City International Hospital, Zarghon Road, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Interventional Cardiologist in Lahore - Dr. Muhammad Umar Shafique

Dr. Muhammad Umar Shafique

Interventional Cardiologist

MBBS , FCPS (Cardiology)

Experience

12 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Video Consultation

Available today

Rs. 1,500

Islamabad Specialists Clinic, Jail Road, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,000

Summary about Peripheral Vascular Disease in English

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a circulatory disorder that develops over time. PVD is caused by a spasm, blockage, or narrowing of the blood vessel.

PVD, also known as Peripheral arterial disease, can affect any blood vessel outside the heart, including the veins, arteries, and lymphatic vessels. The brain and legs supplied by these vessels may not receive enough blood flow to function properly. However, the feet and legs are the most commonly affected.

Treatment

Treatment may include:

  • Lifestyle changes for controlling risk factors, including proper nutrition, regular exercise, and quitting smoking
  • Aggressive treatment of the existing conditions which may worsen PVD, like high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol
  • Medicines like blood thinners improve blood flow and medications that relax your blood vessel walls
  • Vascular surgery
  • Angioplasty such as Balloon angioplasty, Atherectomy, Laser angioplasty, and Stent.

Symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease

Approximately half of those diagnosed with PVD have no symptoms. The most common first symptom for those who have symptoms is painful leg cramping that occurs during exercise and is relieved by rest (intermittent claudication).

Other symptoms may include:

  • Changes in the skin such as brittle, thin, shiny skin on the feet and legs or decreased skin temperature
  • Impotence
  • Gangrene (dead tissue as a result of lack of blood flow)
  • Weak pulses in the feet and legs
  • Hair loss on the legs
  • Numbness, heaviness, or weakness in muscles
  • Wounds that do not heal over the pressure points like heels or ankles
  • Paleness while the legs are elevated
  • Pain (described as aching or burning) at rest, especially in the toes and during the night while lying flat
  • Restricted mobility
  • Reddish-blue discoloration of your extremities
  • Thickened, opaque toenails
  • Severe pain when your artery is blocked or very narrow

Causes of Peripheral Vascular Disease

The most common cause of PVD is a buildup of plaque inside your artery wall (atherosclerosis).

Other causes may include:

  • Injury to your arms or legs
  • Irregular anatomy of your muscles or ligaments
  • Infection

People who have coronary artery disease often have PVD.

Preventive Measures of Peripheral Vascular Disease

To prevent PVD, take the following steps to manage its risk factors.

  • Quit smoking
  • Limit or quit alcohol intake
  • Treat your high blood cholesterol through medicine as prescribed by your doctor
  • Reduce intake of cholesterol, fat, and simple carbohydrates (like sweets), and increase amounts of vegetables and fruits, lean meats, and low-fat dairy
  • Weight loss
  • Exercise at least 30 minutes daily
  • Medicines to reduce the risk for blood clots, as prescribed by the doctor
  • Control of high blood pressure
  • Control of diabetes