Heart Attack - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Heart Attack in Urdu

ہارٹ اٹیک دل کے پٹھوں کو ناکافی خون کی ترسیل کے باعث ہونے والے نقصان کی صورتھال ہے۔ خون کی ترسیل ناکافی ہونے سے دل کے پٹھے مرنےلگتے ہیں اور یہ ناقابل تلافی نقصان جان لیوا ہو سکتا ہے۔ دل کے دورے کی علامات کی صورت میں فوری طور پر معالج سے رابطہ اور علاج زندگی بچا سکتا ہے۔

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Summary about Heart Attack in English

Heart attack or myocardial infarction is the death of heart muscles due to lack of blood supply. Like any other muscle in body heart muscles also need nourishment. The arteries that supply blood to the heart are called coronary arteries. Any blockage in these arteries or abnormal constriction of these arteries can affect blood flow to heart muscles. This is why people suffering from coronary artery disease are at an elevated risk of a heart attack. Fats, proteins, inflammatory cells, and calcium gather on the inside of coronary arteries and form a build up called plaque. Plaque deposits can be of variable size. These deposits being hard on the outside to tend to rupture a condition called plague rupture. Platelets gather to the area of a plaque rupture and cause the blood around the plaque to clot. This clot can partially or completely block the passage of blood through these arteries. Eventually, the heart muscle becomes deprived of oxygen and start to die the condition termed as a heart attack.


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Symptoms of Heart Attack

A heart attack can show the following symptoms but it can also occur without any symptoms at all which happens in the case of a silent heart attack. 

  • Pain below the breast bone
  • Discomfort in chest, jaw, and back
  • pain that moves from chest to shoulder, back, neck, and jaw
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Indigestion 
  • Weakness
  • Anxiety 
  • Irregular heartbeats

Causes of Heart Attack

A heart attack can be caused by:

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary artery spasm

Risk Factors of Heart Attack

Factors that can increase the risk of a heart attack are:

  • Advancing age
  • Excessive consumption of fat-laden foods 
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Stress
  • Smoking
  • DIabetes
  • Metabolic disorder
  • Increased weight 
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Hypertension 
  • Preeclampsia history 
  • Autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus


Preventive Measures of Heart Attack

To prevent a heart attack an active lifestyle and a healthy diet are basic requirements. You should also take all your prescribed medications if you have other disorders like diabetes and high cholesterol.

Types of Heart Attack

Heart attack can be of three types. These are:

  • ST-segment elevation myocardial infactionSTEMI
  • non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction

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