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Skin Diseases - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

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Dr. Hamza Abbas K...


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Prof. Dr. Azer Ra...


Experience: 37 years

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Summary about Skin Diseases

Skin diseases are conditions that affect the appearance of your skin. Rashes, inflammation, itchiness, and other skin changes may occur as a result of these diseases. Some skin conditions may be inherited, while environmental factors may cause others. Medication, creams, ointments, and lifestyle changes may be used to treat skin diseases.

The meaning of skin disease in Urdu is "Jild Ki Bimari".

Symptoms of Skin Diseases

The symptoms of skin diseases vary greatly depending on the condition. Skin changes aren't always the result of skin disease. Wearing ill-fitting shoes, for example, may result in a blister. When skin changes appear with no known cause, they may be indicative of an underlying condition. In general, skin diseases can result in:

  • Patches of discolored skin (abnormal pigmentation).
  • Skin that is dried.
  • Sores, lesions, or ulcers that are open.
  • Skin is peeling.
  • Rashes that may be itchy or painful.
  • Bumps that are red, white, or pus-filled.
  • Skin that is scaly or rough.

Causes of Skin Diseases

Certain factors in one's lifestyle can contribute to the development of skin disease. Underlying health conditions may also have an impact on your skin. The following are some of the most common causes of skin diseases:

  • Bacteria that have become trapped in your pores or hair follicles.
  • Conditions affecting your kidneys, thyroid, or immune system
  • Contact with allergens or the skin of another person.
  • Genetics
  • On your skin, you may have fungus or parasites.
  • Medications, for example, those used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  • Viruses.
  • Diabetes.
  • Sun.


Many skin diseases have a favorable prognosis. Depending on the condition, a dermatologist (skin specialist) or another healthcare provider may advise:

  • Antibiotics.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Skin resurfacing with a laser.
  • Creams, ointments, and gels that are medicated.
  • Moisturizers.
  • Medications taken orally (taken by mouth).
  • Steroid pills, creams, and injections are all options.
  • Surgical techniques.

Preventive Measures of Skin Diseases

You can reduce the symptoms of skin conditions by making the following lifestyle changes:

  • If your doctor advises you to avoid or limit certain foods, such as sugar or dairy, do so.
  • Control your stress.
  • Good hygiene, including proper skincare, should be practiced.
  • Avoid excessive alcohol consumption and smoking.

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