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Cataract - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Cataract in Urdu

موتیا آنکھ کا ابر آلود لینس ہونے کا مسئلہ ہے۔ ایسے افراد کے لئے جو موتیا کا شکار ہیں ، ابر آلود لینز کے ذریعے دیکھنا کچھ ایسے ہی ہے جیسے ٹھنڈی یا دھندلی ہوئی ونڈو میں نظر ڈالیں۔ موتیا کی وجہ سے ابر آلود نظارہ روز مرہ کاموں کو کرنا مشکل بناتا ہے جیسے کہ پڑھنا ، کار چلانا (خاص طور پر رات کے وقت) ، یا اپنے دوست کا چہرہ دیکھنا۔

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Summary about Cataract in English

Book an appointment with the best doctors for cataract treatment in Pakistan. Consult online with a cataract doctor for the management of Eye disease. Marham enlists the most experienced eye specialists for cataracts based on their qualifications, patient reviews, location, and fees.

What is Cataract?

 A cataract is an eye disease that causes clouding of the eye lens. The light gets scattered and the lens can not focus it properly. In this case, vision problems occur. Cataracts can develop at any change but the disease is more common in older adults. Cataracts can develop on a small portion or grow in large areas.

What are the symptoms of Cataracts?

The symptoms of cataracts include;

  • Blurred vision

  • Halos around light

  • Poor night vision

  • Frequent changes in eyesight prescription

What are the causes of Cataracts?

A cataract is a normal age-related process. Some of the factors that contribute to cataracts are;

  • Family history

  • Diseases like Diabetes Mellitus

  • Dietary deficiencies

  • Certain medications like corticosteroids

How to diagnose Cataracts?

A cataract is diagnosed by using;

  • A vision acuity chart (Snellen chart)

  • Retinal examination

  • Slit lamp examination

What is the treatment for Cataracts?

The initial treatment for cataracts is by using prescription glasses. If the condition does not get better, cataract surgery is recommended. During the surgery, the blurry lens is replaced by a new clear lens.

Consult the best eye doctor for cataract treatment in Pakistan now to avoid any complications. You can also book a video consultation through Marham to discuss your symptoms with the most experienced eye doctor in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Cataract

  • Clouded, blurred or dim vision.
  • Increasing difficulty with vision at night.
  • Sensitivity to light and glare.
  • Need for brighter light for reading and other activities.
  • Seeing "halos" around lights.
  • Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription.
  • Fading or yellowing of colors
  • double vision in single eye

Causes of Cataract

Most cataracts develop when aging or injury changes the tissue that makes up your eye's lens. Some inherited genetic disorders that cause other health problems can increase your risk of cataracts. Cataracts can also be caused by other eye conditions, past eye surgery or medical conditions such as diabetes

Risk Factors of Cataract

  • aging
  • Trauma (sometimes causing cataracts years later)
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol use
  • Exposure to x-rays
  • Heat from infrared exposure
  • Systemic disease (eg, diabetes)
  • Uveitis
  • Systemic drugs (eg, corticosteroids)
  • Undernutrition
  • Chronic ultraviolet light exposure

Preventive Measures of Cataract

Many ophthalmologists recommend;

  •  ultraviolet-coated eyeglasses or sunglasses as a preventive measure. 
  • Reducing risk factors such as alcohol, tobacco, and corticosteroids 
  • Controlling blood glucose in diabetes delay onset
  •  A diet high in vitamin C, vitamin A, and carotenoids (contained in vegetables such as spinach and kale) may protect against cataracts.

Types of Cataract

  • Cataracts affecting the center of the lens (nuclear cataracts). ...
  • Cataracts that affect the edges of the lens (cortical cataracts). ...
  • Cataracts that affect the back of the lens (posterior subcapsular cataracts). ...
  • Cataracts you're born with (congenital cataracts).