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Leukemia - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Leukemia in Urdu

لیوکیمیا مضر صحت سفید خلیوں کے بننے کی وجہ سےہونے والی بیماری کا نام ہے۔ ایسا ہڈیوں کے گودے یعنی بون میرو کی کارکردگی میں خرابیوں کی وجہ سے ہوتا ہے۔ لیوکیمیا کو خون کا کینسر بھی کہا جاتا ہے۔ اگر اس مرض کی تشخیص جلد ہو جائے تو کامیاب علاج ممکن ہے۔ یہ بیماری چونکہ خون میں موجود ہوتی ہے اس لیے اس کے اثرات تمام جسم پر مرتب ہوتے ہیں۔

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Summary about Leukemia in English

Although long-term stress can cause health problems, the relationship between stress and cancer is poor. Some studies have shown an association between stress and increased cancer risk, but other studies have shown that there is no association. It is difficult to determine if stress alone increases the risk of cancer, as many people practice unhealthy behavior to cope with high levels of stress, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, or overeating. These behaviors were associated with an increased risk of certain cancers. 

According to the Midline plus Leukemia are the cancer of blood cells and the lymphatic system. According to the American cancer society, the leukemia is the cancer of the white blood cells but sometimes it starts in other cells too. Leukemia usually occurs in white blood cells. White blood cells fight against germs and normally grow as the body needed. But in leukemia bone produce abnormal blood cells which don’t function properly. The treatment of the leukemia is complex depending on the types of leukemia. Let's find out the symptoms and risk factors of leukemia.

Symptoms of Leukemia

Symptoms of leukemia include fever or chills, persistent weakness, severe infections, losing weight, enlarged spleen, tiny red spots on the skin, bone pain and excessive sweating. The researcher could not find the exact cause of leukemia. But they think that it might be due to environmental and genetic factors. Due to mutations in the DNA, that instruct bone marrow to produce abnormal cells. These changes cause the cell to grow and divide abnormally. Over a period of time, these cells dominate healthy blood cells.

Risk Factors of Leukemia

According to the mayo clinic, the risk factors the contribute in the leukemia are previous cancer treatment, genetic disorder, exposure to certain chemicals, smoking and family history of leukemia. In individual having chemotherapy or radiation therapy having more chances of developing certain leukemias. Genetic factor also contributes to the development of leukemia. Genetic disorders as downs syndrome have increased the risks of leukemia. Certain chemicals such as benzene which found in gasoline also contribute in leukemia. Smoking is the biggest reason for myelogenous leukemia. If someone in the family diagnosed with leukemia, others also have the chances of leukemia.

Preventive Measures of Leukemia

Keep your friends and family closer together. Keeping close relationships will help you deal with leukemia. Friends and family can give you the support they need. For example, helping you look after yourself if you are in a hospital. Find someone you can talk to. Find a good listener who is ready to listen to you to talk about your hopes and fears. It may also be helpful to fear and understand a counselor, social worker, clergy or cancer support group.

Take care of yourself. It is easy to fall into tests, treatments and treatment procedures. But it's important to look after yourself, not just cancer. Try to spend time on yoga, cooking or other favorite pastimes.

The treatment of leukemia is possible. Doctors choose treatment according to the age, type and overall health of the patient. The treatment of your leukemia depends on many factors. Your doctor will determine your options for treating leukemia based on your age and general health, the type of leukemia, and whether it may spread to other parts of your body, including the central nervous system. Common treatments for leukemia include:


Chemotherapy is one of the best treats for leukemia. This pharmacological treatment uses chemicals to kill leukemic cells. Depending on the type of leukemia you have, you may be given a single drug or combination of medications. These drugs can be in the form of tablets or injected directly into a vein.

Biologic Therapy.

In biological therapy, your immune system uses treatments to recognize and attack leukemia cells.

Targeted therapy.

Targeted therapy uses drugs that attack certain weak spots in cancer cells.


Radiotherapy uses X-rays or other high-energy beams to damage leukemic cells and stop their growth. During radiation therapy, you are lying on a table. A large machine moves around you and directs the radiation to specific points in your body. You can receive radiation in a particular area of your body. Leukemia cells are collected or it can be irradiated throughout your body. Radiation therapy can be used to prepare a stem cell transplant.

Stem Cell Transplantation.

A stem cell transplant is a procedure to replace your diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. Before a stem cell transplant, you will receive high doses of chemotherapy or radiation to destroy your bone marrow. You will then receive an infusion of hematopoietic stem cells that will help rebuild your bone marrow.

You may receive donor stem cells or, in some cases, use your own stem cells. Stem cell transplantation is very similar to bone marrow transplantation. In leukemia, the support to the patient is very helpful for treatment. Diagnosis of leukemia can be catastrophic, especially for a newly diagnosed child's family. Over time, you'll find ways to deal with anxiety and cancer insecurity. Until then, you may find that it helps.


Types of Leukemia

Leukemia is classified as acute and chronic leukemia. In acute leukemia blood, cells are immature and they did not carry normal functioning. They grow rapidly and they require rapid and fast treatment. In chronic leukemia blood cells are mature. They grow slowly and function normally. In some cases, individual, show no early symptoms.

Acute lymphocytic leukemia is the most common type of leukemia that usually common in children. Acute myelogenous leukemia occurs mostly in both children and adults but in males, it occurs most.  Other types are chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, hairy cell leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome.