Anemia - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Anemia

Anemia is a condition in which you do not have enough healthy red blood cells to transport the good oxygen in your body tissue. Anemia can cause fatigue and weakness. The anemia may be temporary or prolonged and can range from mild to severe. If you suspect anemia, contact your doctor as it may be a sign of a serious illness. The treatment of anemia involves taking supplements for medical treatment. You can prevent some types of anemia through a healthy.

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Symptoms of Anemia

The symptoms of anemia vary depending on the cause of the anemia. These can include:

  • Fatigue
  • weakness
  • Pale or yellowish skin
  • Irregular heart rhythm
  • breathlessness
  • Dizziness or dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Hands and cold feet
  • a headache

Causes of Anemia

Among the different types of anemia and their causes include:

Iron deficiency anemia.

This is the most common type of anemia in the world. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by iron deficiency in your body. Your bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin. Without proper iron, your body can not produce enough hemoglobin in red blood cells. Without iron supplements, this type of anemia occurs in many pregnant women. It is also caused by blood loss, such as heavy menstrual bleeding, ulcer, cancer, and regular use of some over-the-counter pain medications, including aspirin.

 Anemia due to vitamin deficiency.

In addition to iron, your body also needs folic acid and vitamin B-12 to produce enough healthy red blood cells. A diet devoid of these important nutrients and others can reduce the production of red blood cells. In addition, some people may consume enough vitamin B-12, but their body can not handle the vitamin. This can lead to vitamin deficiency anemia, also called pernicious anemia.

Anemia in chronic diseases.

Some diseases, such as cancer, HIV / AIDS, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease, Crohn's disease, and other chronic inflammatory diseases can affect the production of red blood cells.

Aplastic anemia.

This rare and life-threatening anemia occurs when your body does not make enough red blood cells. The causes of aplastic anemia include infections, certain medications, autoimmune diseases and exposure to toxic chemicals.

Anemia related to bone marrow disease.

A variety of diseases such as leukemia and myelofibrosis can cause anemia by affecting the production of blood in the bone marrow. The effects of these cancers and cancerous diseases vary from mild to life-threatening.

Hemolytic anemias.

This group of anemias develops when the red blood cells are destroyed more quickly than they can be replaced by the bone marrow. Some diseases of blood increase the destruction of red blood cells. It can inherit or later develop hemolytic anemia.

Sickle cell anemia.

This hereditary and sometimes serious disease is hereditary hemolytic anemia. It is caused by a defective form of hemoglobin, which causes the red blood cells to assume an abnormal sickle shape. These irregular blood cells die prematurely, resulting in chronic exhaustion of red blood cells. Other anemias There are many other forms of anemia, such as thalassemia and malaria anemia.

Risk Factors of Anemia

Risk factors

These factors increase your risk of anemia:

 A diet without specific vitamins.

A diet always lows in iron, vitamin B-12, and folic acid increases your risk of anemia.

Intestinal Disorders.

If you have a bowel disorder that affects the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine, such as Crohn's disease and celiac disease, there is a risk of anemia. 

Menstruation.

In general, women who do not have menopause have a higher risk of iron deficiency anemia. In fact, menstruation causes the loss of red blood cells.

Pregnancy.

If you are pregnant and do not take a multivitamin containing folic acid, the risk of anemia is increased.

Chronic health problems.

If you have cancer, kidney failure, or any other chronic illness, you may be at risk of anemia due to a chronic health problem. These conditions can lead to a lack of red blood cells. The slow, chronic blood loss from an ulcer or other sources in your body can deplete the iron stores in your body and lead to iron deficiency anemia.

 Family history.

If your family has hereditary anemia, such as sickle cell disease, you also have an increased risk of developing the disease.

 Other factors.

History of infections, blood, and autoimmune disorders, alcoholism, exposure to toxic chemicals, and the use of certain medications may affect red blood cell production and cause anemia.

Age.

At age 65, the risk of anemia is higher.

Preventive Measures for Anemia

Eat a diet rich in vitamins.

Many types of anemia cannot be avoided. However, iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency can be prevented with a diet that includes a variety of vitamins and nutrients, including:

Iron.

Foods rich in iron include beef and other meats, beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.

Folate

This nutrient and its synthetic form, folic acid, are found in fruits and juices, dark green leafy vegetables, green peas, beans, peanuts and fortified cereal products such as bread, cereals, pasta, and rice.

B12 vitamin.

Foods rich in vitamin B-12 include meat, dairy products, and fortified cereals and soy products.

Vitamin C.

Foods rich in vitamin C include fruits and citrus juices, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, melons, and strawberries. These elements contribute to increase the absorption of iron.

Consider a multivitamin.

If you are concerned about consuming enough vitamins in your food, ask your doctor if a multivitamin might be right for you.

Consider genetic counseling.

If you have a history of hereditary anemia, such as sickle cell syndrome or thalassemia, talk to your doctor and possibly a genetic counselor about your risk and the risks you may run for your child.

Prevent malaria.

Anemia can be a complication of malaria. If you want to visit a place where malaria is common, talk to your doctor about taking preventive medications. In areas affected by malaria, prevention is to reduce exposure to mosquitoes, for example, through the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets.

 

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