Eat a diet rich in vitamins.
Many types of anemia cannot be avoided. However, iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency can be prevented with a diet that includes a variety of vitamins and nutrients, including:
Foods rich in iron include beef and other meats, beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.
This nutrient and its synthetic form, folic acid, are found in fruits and juices, dark green leafy vegetables, green peas, beans, peanuts and fortified cereal products such as bread, cereals, pasta, and rice.
Foods rich in vitamin B-12 include meat, dairy products, and fortified cereals and soy products.
Foods rich in vitamin C include fruits and citrus juices, peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, melons, and strawberries. These elements contribute to increase the absorption of iron.
Consider a multivitamin.
If you are concerned about consuming enough vitamins in your food, ask your doctor if a multivitamin might be right for you.
Consider genetic counseling.
If you have a history of hereditary anemia, such as sickle cell syndrome or thalassemia, talk to your doctor and possibly a genetic counselor about your risk and the risks you may run for your child.
Anemia can be a complication of malaria. If you want to visit a place where malaria is common, talk to your doctor about taking preventive medications. In areas affected by malaria, prevention is to reduce exposure to mosquitoes, for example, through the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets.