Anemia- Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

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Summary about Anemia

Anemia is a condition of low red blood cell count or lack of hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin binds with oxygen and makes it available to the body for usage. If there is any abnormality in RBCs or defect in the structure of hemoglobin oxygen supply to the body is hampered. Symptoms of anemia show that the body cells are lacking oxygen. Different types of anemia vary widely in causes and treatment. Some types of anemia are hereditary and can be present by birth. Pregnant women and people with chronic diseases are at an elevated risk of anemia. If left unchecked anemia can bring serious consequences. To find and consult the best hematologists in Pakistan visit marham.pk.

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Symptoms of Anemia

Symptoms for each type of anemia are different. Health status of the patient and the presence of other diseases also affect how anemia may exhibit itself. In the case of chronic conditions, cancers, or hemorrhages it is important to study symptoms of these condition before evaluating symptoms of anemia. Symptoms that are common in many types of anemia can be broadly pictured as:

  • Easily getting tired
  • Unusual shortness of breath 
  • Low energy levels 
  • Cramps 
  • Yellow tinged skin 
  • Dizziness 
  • Difficulty in concentration 
  • Increased heart rate

Causes of Anemia

There are many different types of anemia which are divided into three groups according to their causes. The causes of anemia are mentioned below.

  • Anemia can be due to excessive blood loss
  • Decreased or defective RBC production can lead to anemia
  • Anemia can be caused by the destruction of red blood cells

Furthermore different types of anemia can have specific causes.

Risk Factors of Anemia

Risk of anemia is greater for women of childbearing age and elderly people. Following factors increase the risk of anemia:

  • A diet lacking iron, vitamin B-12, and folate.
  • Intestinal disorders like Crohn's disease and Celiac diseases which hamper nutrient absorption from the intestine.
  • Menstruation also results in loss of RBCs. Postmenopausal women and men have a lower risk of anemia compared to women of menstruating age group.
  • Pregnancy demands higher blood supply and if an expectant mother is not taking good diet and multivitamins risk of anemia pertains.
  • Chronic diseases like cancer can lead to anemia.
  • Bleeding wounds, ulcers can also deplete the body of iron leading to anemia.
  • Having a family history of anemia increases the probability of anemia.



Preventive Measures of Anemia

Heredity anemias are not preventable but iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia can be prevented. Following are the steps you can take to prevent anemia:

  1. Plan a diet that has constituents that provide you with enough iron, folate, vitamin C, and vitamin B-12. If your diet doesn't provide you with enough of these nutrients consult your physician and consider taking a multivitamin. 
  2. If you have a family history of anemias consult a genetic counselor to know your risk. Cousin marriages should be avoided if there are risk factors found that can be transmitted to the next generation. 
  3. Malaria can lead to anemia. Avoid mosquito bites and use preventive drugs when in high-risk areas.



Types of Anemia

There are many different types of anemia which are divided into three groups according to their causes. These are:

  • Anemia due to excessive blood loss
  • Anemia due to decreased or defective RBC production
  • Anemia because of the destruction of red blood cells

Doctors for Anemia in Different Cities