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Massive Obesity - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

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Summary about Massive Obesity

Massive obesity is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) greater than 35. BMI is used to calculate body fat and can help you determine if you are at a healthy body weight for your height. Although BMI is not a perfect measurement, it does provide a general idea of ideal weight ranges for height.
 
When you eat food, your body uses the calories you consume to power itself. Even when you are at rest, your body requires calories to pump your heart or digest food. If those calories are not used, they are stored as fat by the body. If you continue to consume more calories than your body can use during daily activities and exercise, your body will store fat. Obesity and morbid obesity are the results of your body storing too much fat.

The meaning of obesity in Urdu is 'Motaapa'.

Symptoms of Massive Obesity

Obese people may experience the following symptoms:

  • sweating
  • tiredness
  • fatigue.
  • joint and back pain
  • difficulty breathing
  • sleep issues
  • difficulty with physical activity
  • low self-esteem and feelings of isolation
  • high blood pressure and other metabolic symptoms

Severe obesity symptoms include:

  • a significant accumulation of fat around the body
  • a BMI of 40 or higher
  • signs of complications, such as hypertension

Causes of Massive Obesity

Some factors can increase the likelihood of developing obesity. Examples are:

  • Increased energy levels: Energy levels can be influenced by a person's dietary habits and level of activity.
  • Socioeconomic factors: Access to fresh food and the ability to exercise can be hampered by socioeconomic factors.
  • Hereditary traits: Genetic factors may be involved.
  • Family history: Family history may play a role via both genetic and environmental factors.
  • Medical conditions: Obesity is linked to several medical conditions, including Cushing's syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Stress: Stress and anxiety can raise cortisol levels, leading to fat storage and weight gain.
  • Lack of sleep: Sleep deprivation may play a role.

Treatment

If a person has severe obesity or obesity-related complications, a doctor may:

  • suggest a suitable weight-loss plan
  • collaborate with the individual to create an exercise plan
  • recommend a physical therapy program if the individual has limited mobility
  • prescribe medication, such as orlistat, which lowers the amount of fat absorbed by the body

If other options fail to address any complications, such as type 2 diabetes and other features of metabolic syndrome, they may recommend bariatric surgery.


Preventive Measures of Massive Obesity

Obesity and morbid obesity are both profound and potentially fatal conditions. Obesity prevention requires a healthy lifestyle that includes a nutritious diet and regular exercise.

Morbidly obese people should avoid "fad" diets and instead focus on changing their eating habits. Recommendations include:

  • eating smaller meals and eating more fruits and vegetables
  • keeping calorie count
  • limiting saturated fats, trans fats, and refined sugars while eating mindfully

Physical activity is beneficial to one's overall health and is especially important when trying to lose weight. To start losing weight, you must engage in moderate to vigorous exercise for at least three hours per week. Vigorous activity significantly raises your heart rate. Before beginning any vigorous exercise programs, consult with your doctor.