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Sore Throat - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Sore Throat in Urdu

سب سے عام سبب سردی یا فلو کی طرح وائریل انفیکشن ہے۔ اس کی پیچیدگیوں سے بچنے کے لیے اہم ہے کہ اس کا علاج پر وقت کروایا جائے اور ایسی چیزوں سے پرہیز کیاجائے جو گلے کو نقصان پہنچا سکتی ہیں۔

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Summary about Sore Throat in English

A sore throat is a severe feeling of pain, scratchiness or irritation of the throat which makes the swallowing action difficult. The most common cause of a sore throat (pharyngitis) is a viral infection like cold or flu. A sore throat caused by the virus. Strep throat infection (streptococcal infection), a less common type of a sore throat caused by bacteria, requires antibiotic treatment to avoid complications. Other less common causes of a sore throat may require more complex treatment.

 Significant symptoms associated with this are following

  • Discomfort, pain or scratchy sensation in the throat
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Sore, swollen neck glands
  • Red Tonsils
  • White patches or pus on your tonsils

Symptoms of Sore Throat

The symptoms of a sore throat may vary depending on the cause. 

  • Pain or irritation in the throat

  • Pain that escalates when swallowing or speaking

  • Hard to swallow

  • Swollen glands in the neck or jaw

  • Swollen almonds and red

  • White spots or pus on the tonsils

  • A rough or strangled voice

Frequent infections that cause new diseases can lead to other signs and symptoms, including:

  • fever

  • to cough

  • nose

  • sneeze

  • pain

  • a headache

  • Nausea or vomiting

Causes of Sore Throat

Viruses that cause colds and flu (flu) also cause the majority of ailments. Less commonly, bacterial infections cause intestinal pain.

Viral infections

The viral diseases that cause Warge disease include:

  • cold

  • Influenza (flu)

  • Mononucleosis (mono)

  • measles

  • varicella

  • Hull - a common childhood disease characterized by a barking cough

Bacterial infections

The number of bacterial infections can cause mud pain. Most common are Streptococcus pyogenes or Group A Streptococcus, which are responsible for angina streptococcus.

Different reasons

Other causes of warge disease are:


Allergies to dandruff, mold, dust, and pollen can cause pain. The problem can be complicated by an infarct discharge that can irritate and ignite a guard.


The dry indoor air can irritate and annoy when the buildings are heated, especially in the morning when he wakes up. Breathe through the mouth - often due to the chronic clogged nose - the throat can also dry out.


Air pollution from the outside can constantly irritate the garage. Indoor pollutants - tobacco smoke or chemical products - can also cause chronic pharyngitis. Chewing tobacco, alcohol and spicy food can also irritate the Gargane.

Muscle fatigue. 

You can stretch your neck muscles, for example, by screaming during a sporting event. Fort Bet; or talk to a trailer without a break for a long time.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). 

GERD Disorders of the digestive system in which gastric acid or other gastric contents return to the digestive tract (esophagus). Other symptoms may include heartburn, hoarseness, gastric insufficiency, and a throat tumor sensation.

HIV infection 

Sore throat and other flu-like symptoms sometimes occur after HIV infection. In addition, people with HIV due to secondary infection may have chronic or recurrent sore throats, such as fungal infections called thrush and cytomegalovirus (CMV), a common viral infection that can be severe in immunocompromised people. 

Oral thrombus and CMV can be common to anyone, but more commonly cause sore throats and other symptoms in people with weakened immune systems.


Cancer of the throat, tongue or chest (larynx) can cause a sore throat. Another sign or symptom may be hoarseness, dysphagia, wheezing, a neck clot, and blood in the saliva or mucus.

In rare cases, the area of infected tissue (abscesses) in the neck causes a sore throat. Another cause of rare sore throat is a condition that occurs when the small "cover" of the cartilage that covers the trachea fills and blocks the flow of air (epiglottis). Both causes can block the airways and lead to medical failure.

Risk Factors of Sore Throat

Although everyone may have a sore throat, there are a few factors that make them more vulnerable, including:


Children and adolescents have a sore throat. Children are also more susceptible to mycobacteria, the most common bacterial infection associated with sore throats.

Exposure to tobacco smoke. 

Smoking and secondhand smoke can irritate the throat. The use of tobacco products also increases the risk of oral, pharyngeal and genital cancer.


Seasonal allergies or persistent allergic reactions to dust, mold or dandruff from pets can cause a sore throat.

Exposure to irritating chemicals. 

Airborne particles resulting from the burning of fossil fuels and normal household chemicals can cause a sore throat.

Chronic or frequent sinusitis. 

Emptying the nose can irritate the throat or spread the infection. Viruses and bacterial infections spread everywhere where people gather, be it in kindergartens, classrooms, offices or planes.

Weakened resistance. 

In general, you are more prone to infection if your resilience is low. HIV, diabetes, treatment with steroids or chemotherapy, stress, fatigue, and poor diet are common causes of a compromised immune system.

Preventive Measures of Sore Throat

To prevent sore throat, it is best to avoid the pathogens and follow the hygiene rules. Follow these guidelines and teach your child to do the same:

Wash your hands thoroughly and often, especially after using the toilet, before eating and after sneezing or coughing.

Avoid sharing food, glasses, and accessories.

Use tissue during cough or sneeze and throw it away. 

Use alcohol-based disinfectants instead of hand wash if soap and water are not available.

Avoid touching public phones or drinking wells with your mouth.

Clean phones, TV remotes, and computer keyboards regularly with a disinfectant. Clean the phones and remote controls in the hotel room while driving.

Avoid close contact with sick people.