Ear Infection - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Ear Infection in Urdu

بچوں میں کان کے انفیکشن عام ہیں اور پانچ سال سے کم عمر کے بیشتر بچے اس بیماری کا شکار ہو جاتے ہیں۔ اس کی علامات میں کان کا درد اور بخار شامل ہیں۔ اس کے علاج میں ضد ھیوی ادویات کا استعمال اور درد کم کرنے والی ادویات کا استعمال کروایا جاتا ہے۔

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Summary about Ear Infection in English

Ear infection is, as stated in the name, an infection in either three ear parts. It is more prevalent in children than in adults.

As ear infections generally get better by themselves, most treatments are aimed at pain management and assessing the problem. In certain cases, the doctor might prescribe antibiotics. Furthermore, research has shown that ear infection might appear in certain people more than others. The problems caused by ear infections might become serious and could cause problems in hearing.

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Symptoms of Ear Infection

Ear infection symptoms are fast paced and occur rapidly. The appearance of the symptoms differs according to the age demographic.

Children

Children might experience these symptoms:

  • Pain in the ear, particularly when they lay down.
  • A feeling that something is pulling at their ear
  • They might find it hard to sleep properly
  • Crying becomes more frequent
  • They also could become more fussy
  • Listening and responding to certain sounds might become problematic
  • They might frequently trip over by themselves
  • A high fever of at least 100 F
  • Headache
  • They might not eat as much due to loss of appetite.

Adults

Symptoms that show up in adults include:

  • Pain in the ear
  • They might find it problematic to listen

Causes of Ear Infection

As the name implies, ear infections manifest when the bacteria infects the ear. However, how bacteria affects the ear could be seen by the area that it affects. A cold, or some other problem with the respiratory system can cause middle ear infection. The infection transmits through the Eustachian tubes to the ear(s).

Also known as swimmer’s ear, an infection in the outer ear is caused by water that is stuck after one takes a bath or goes for a swim.

Risk Factors of Ear Infection

One reason why kids contract this infection more than adults is due to their Eustachian tubes‘ shape and placement. Children have tubes that are more horizontal and significantly lesser in size than those in adults. In fact, adults who have smaller Eustachian tubes or who have a more horizontal placement are at a higher risk.

Those who smoke, actively or passively, are also more susceptible to developing an ear infection. In fact, those who have seasonal allergies, or allergies that are more persistent, also are more vulnerable. Having a cold, or an infection in upper respiratory area could also put people in more danger of an infection.

Preventive Measures of Ear Infection

The preventive measures target the risk factors and causes associated with ear infection. It is absolutely paramount that ear hygiene is maintained by properly rinsing them or carefully using a cotton bud, especially after the person has bathed or gone swimming. Furthermore, the individual should avoid both passive and active smoking as much as he/she can. Then, one should consciously try to handle their allergies. They can do this by avoiding the factors which trigger those allergies and keeping themselves equipped with allergy medications.

Other than the above, one should properly wash their hands and get properly vaccinated with the recommended vaccine. Lastly, the person should also try to keep away from those who have colds or other problems in the upper respiratory tract.

Types of Ear Infection

There are three categories for ear infections.

  • Acute otitis media (AOM). This is the most prevalent ear infection type. It is also the least serious one. The middle ear basically gets infected and swells up. Subsequently, some fluid gets lodged right behind the ear drum. This condition could cause a fever.
  • Otitis media with effusion (OME). Even when the ear infection has gotten to its last stages, some fluid remains behind the eardrums. While the individual with this condition might not feel as if there is anything wrong, an expert or a doctor would probably locate the fluid that remains.
  • Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME). COME is a condition in which fluid repeatedly stores up in the middle ear, whether there is an infection present or not. Due to this, the body’s ability to fight off infections greatly reduces. It also has a bad influence on the person’s hearing.