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Colorectal Cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Colorectal Cancer in Urdu

کولون نظام انہضام کا آخری حصہ ہے۔ اس حصے کا کینسر مردوخواتین میں پچاس سال کے بعد دیکھنے میں آتا ہے۔ تاہم یہ موض نوجوانوں کو بھی متاثر کر سکتا ہے۔ اس کی شروعات پولپس سے ہوتی ہے۔ اس لیے ضوری ہے کہ پولپس کی صورت میں معالج سے رابطہ کیا جائے اور اس کینسر سے بچا جا سکے۔

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Summary about Colorectal Cancer in English

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is a type of cancer that originates in the colon or rectum. Colon cancer most commonly affects older adults, but it can strike anyone at any age. Polyps, which are small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells that form on the inside of the colon, are the most common starting point. Some of these polyps can develop into colon cancer over time.

Colorectal Cancer Facts and Figures 

The fourth most prevalent cancer type is colorectal cancer, which causes around 65,000 deaths every year globally. According to an article from the Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, the incidence of colorectal cancer is higher in men than women. Men's mortality rates range from 48.3 to 72.5 per 100,000 per year, while women's mortality rates range from 32.3 to 56 per 100,000 per year. Some other facts and statistics about colorectal cancer are given below:

New Cases Diagnosed Worldwide AnnuallyApproximately 600,000
Commonly AffectsOlder Adults
At-Risk GenderMales
Age for Early symptomsYoung to older adults  
Average Age for DiagnosisAfter 50 Years
Problems related to Colorectal Cancer
IBD, Obesity, Constipation or Diarrhea
Specialists Who Treat Colorectal CancerCancer Specialist/Oncologists

Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer

Following symptoms are associated with this cancer

  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in feces
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Vomiting
  • Lump in abdomen
  • Fatigue

Causes of Colorectal Cancer

Doctors are unsure what causes the majority of colon cancers. In general, colon cancer develops when healthy cells in the colon undergo DNA changes (mutations). The DNA of a cell contains a set of instructions that tell the cell what to do. Healthy cells divide and grow in an orderly fashion to keep your body running smoothly. However, when a cell's DNA is damaged and it becomes cancerous, the cell continues to divide even when new cells aren't required. As the cells multiply, they form a tumor. Cancer cells can spread over time and invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. 

Preventive Measures of Colorectal Cancer

Doctors recommend that people with an average risk of colon cancer get screened for colon cancer around the age of 50. People who are at a higher risk, such as those who have a family history of colon cancer, should consider screening sooner. Some preventive measures include:

  • Consume a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains; 
  • Do not drink alcohol
  • Quit smoking.
  • Work out on most days of the week.
  • Keep a healthy weight.

Discuss your options with your doctor, and you and he or she can decide which tests are appropriate for you.