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Oral Cavity Cancer/منہ کا کینسر - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Oral Cavity Cancer in Urdu

منہ کا کینسر منہ میں موجود اعضا کا کینسر ہے۔ یہ کینسر ہونٹوں ، زبان،گالوں اور منہ کے اوپر اور نیچے کی سطح پر اثر انداز ہو سکتا ہے۔ یہ گردن اور سر کی اقسام کے زیر آتا ہے اور اس کا علاج بھی انہی کی طرح کیاجاتا ہے۔  منہ کا لینسر زیادہ تر ہونٹوں، مسوڑوں اور زبان کو متاثر کرتا ہے۔ اس کینسر  کی بڑی وجہ تمباکو کا استعمال ہے۔ سگریٹ نوشی  اور سگار کا استعمال بھی منہ کے کینسر کی وجہ بن سکتا ہے۔  شراب نوشی کی کثرت اور زیادہ  دیر تک دھوپ کا سامنا اس کینسر کا خطرہ بڑھا دیتا ہے۔  ایچ۔پی۔وی وایرس سے متاثرہ افراد اور کمزور قوت مدافعت کےحامل افراد میں بھی اس کینسر کی شکایت عام ہے۔

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Summary about Oral Cavity Cancer in English

Oral cavity cancer is the cancer that grows on the inside of the mouth. It can grow in any part. Specifically, it occurs on the lips, the gums, and the tongue. It can also occur on the inner skin of the cheek, and the floor and roof of the mouth.
Oral cavity cancer is grouped in together with a special category of cancers known as head and neck cancers. The treatment is often very similar for all the cancers in this particular category.

Symptoms of Oral Cavity Cancer

The symptoms of oral cavity cancer are

  • A sore in the mouth that does not go away
  • A patch of color white or red that is inside the mouth
  • Teeth that feel loose
  • A kind of bump inside the mouth
  • Pain in mouth
  • Pain in ear
  • Difficulty in swallowing

Causes of Oral Cavity Cancer

Mouth cancers materialize due to change, or mutations, in the DNA of the lip or mouth cells. The DNA is quite like the instruction and information center of the cell. When mutations occur, the instruction to continue growing and dividing gets sent and so the cells do just that. Because of this the steadily growing and dividing mouth cancer cells group together and make a tumor. As time passes, it possible that these cells spread inside the oral cavity, or they could even spread to parts of the head or neck or even around the body.
Usually oral cavity cancers start in the cells that form the lips’ and the mouth’s inner lining. It is still not clear what causes the mutation that converts these cells into such a hazard.


Risk Factors of Oral Cavity Cancer

Factors that can increase your risk of mouth cancer include: Research has identified a multitude of risk factors associated with oral cavity cancer. Using or consuming tobacco of any type or through any means, whether it be by smoking cigarettes, cigars or pipes or by chewing it. Excessive usage of alcohol has also been identified as a risk factor. Prolonged lip exposure to the sun is another risk factor.
The presence of human papilloma virus and a failing immune system have also been shown to elevate the risk for oral cavity cancer.

Preventive Measures of Oral Cavity Cancer

There is no one way of preventing oral cavity cancer. However, one can aim at reducing the risk of mouth cancer. Restricting tobacco use can achieve this. Smoking should also be minimalized and if possible, completely stopped. The lips should also be shielded from excessive sun by staying under the shade as much as possible, by wearing large-brimmed hats or by applying some lip sunscreen before going out.
Regularly visits to the dentist are also recommended.

Types of Oral Cavity Cancer

  • Tongue Cancer. This is a common area for the development of cancer. The indications of cancer will include bumps or swellings on the tongue.
  • Gum Cancer. This manifests in the gums and can be identified by bumps or swellings on the line of the gums.
  • Throat Cancer. Throat cancer develops on the vocal chords or other soft areas in the throat. Again lumps and swellings might appear near the throat area.
  • Jaw Cancer. In this type of cancer, the site for malignant tumor development is around the jawbone.
  • Lip Cancer. Two types of skin cancers can develop on the lips; basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma