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Prostate Cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Prostate Cancer in Urdu

یہ مردوں میں پایا جانا والا سب سے عام کینسر ہے۔ پروسٹیٹ غدود کو متاثر کرنے والا یہ کینسر اگر ابتد ہی میں تشخیص ہوجائے تو علاج کے کامیاب ہونے کے مواقع بہتر ہو جاتے ہیں۔ اس کینسر کی کچھ اقسام اسی غدود تک محدود رہتی ہیں اور کچھ جسم کے دوسرے حصوں تک پھیل جانے کی صلاحیت رکھتی ہیں

Doctors For Prostate Cancer

Dr. Amjad...

4.9 / 5 (633 Reviews)

Experience: 35 years

Rs. 4,000

Prof. Dr....

4.9 / 5 (336 Reviews)

Experience: 34 years

Rs. 3,500

Assoc. Pro...

4.9 / 5 (144 Reviews)

Experience: 15 years

Rs. 4,000

Dr. Sajid...

4.9 / 5 (20 Reviews)

Experience: 18 years

Rs. 1,500

Asst. Prof...

4.9 / 5 (127 Reviews)

Experience: 6 years

Rs. 1,200

Dr. Rana A...

4.9 / 5 (88 Reviews)

Experience: 8 years

Rs. 2,000

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Summary about Prostate Cancer in English

Marham enlists the best doctors for prostate cancer in Pakistan. Book an appointment or online consultation with the best cancer specialist for prostate cancer treatment in Pakistan. We have enlisted the doctors on the basis of their qualifications, experience, location, and fees.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the malignant tumour growth in the prostate which is the part of male reproductive system. Prostate cancer can metastasize to the organs surrounding the organ. It is one of the widely spread types of cancer that ranges from mild to aggressive tumor cell growth. Prostate cancer usually progresses slowly and can be treated with medication however, in a few cases, it can be life-threatening. 

What are the causes of Prostate Cancer?

There are no known causes of prostate cancer. However, it is reported that the chances of cancer increase depending on the;

Age: The risk of prostate cancer is increased in men over the age of 55 years. Older men are more likely to develop cancer as compared to the young.

Family History: The genetic factor also plays a role in increasing the risk of prostate cancer. Those with a family history of cancer are more likely to develop the disease at some stage in their life. 

Body weight: The risk of prostate cancer is increased in men who are overweight, particularly during their later years of life. 

What are the symptoms of Prostate Cancer?

The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer may not occur at the initial stages. However, as the cancer progresses, the following symptoms are reported;

  • Trouble urinating

  • Painful ejaculation

  • Blood in semen

  • Blood in urine

  • Loss of body weight

  • Pain in the pelvic area

It is recommended to discuss your symptoms with the best doctor for prostate cancer in Pakistan to prevent the spread of cancer. 

How Prostate Cancer is diagnosed?

Prostate cancer is diagnosed in men who report the related symptoms using the following screenings;

Digital rectal exam: During a digital rectal exam, the doctor examines the prostate using lubricated fingers and recommends further tests, if needed

PSA test: Prostate-specific antigen-PSA is a substance naturally produced by the prostate. A blood test is performed to detect its level as it is increased during prostate cancer. 

Biopsy: The sample from the prostate tissue is drawn to diagnose the tumor growth in the gland using its microscopic examination. 

What is the treatment for Prostate Cancer?

Lower stages of prostate cancer do not require any treatment. For aggressive stages of cancer, the following treatment approaches are used;

Surgical Treatment: Various types of prostatectomies are available to surgically remove the prostate and the nearby affected tissues

Radiation Therapy: The cancerous growths are killed using high-frequency radiation

Hormone Therapy: The medicines that reduce the production of testosterone help reduce the prostate tumors

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapeutic medicines for prostate cancer are recommended when the hormone therapy fails to suppress the tumor.

Book an appointment with the top oncologist near you through Marham. You can also talk to a doctor online through our platform to get the best healthcare service for prostate cancer in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

  • Unexplained pain in the lower portion of the body
  • Urinating frequently at night
  • Pain and burning sensation during, before or after urination
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in the pelvis while sitting

Causes of Prostate Cancer

The exact cause of prostate cancer is not found yet. However, prostate cancer develops in the same way as other types of cancers. It starts out as a mutation in the normal cells that start multiplying rapidly and accumulate in the form of a tumor. This tumor might stay localized in prostate or move to other locations in the body and cause cancer there.

Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

Risk factors of prostate cancer are:

  • Age

With age, the risk of prostate cancer increases as well. This is due to the decrease in the levels of testosterone with age. There is a higher chance of mutation in the genes of men after the age of 50.

  • Ethnicity

There has been no logical explanation for this, but Africans are found to be at a greater risk for developing prostate cancer.

  • Family history

If your family has a history of cancer, then there is an increased risk of cancer developing in your body too.

  • Obesity
  • Lifestyle (drinking, smoking, exercise, diet)

Preventive Measures of Prostate Cancer

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • PSA screening 
  • Avoiding smoking, alcohol and drugs
  • Maintain a good body weight
  • Exercise actively, so you are physically active.
  • Avoid over-supplementation with megavitamins

Types of Prostate Cancer

Majority of the prostate cancers develop from the prostate gland cells. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinomas. There are other types of cancers that can begin in the prostate as well. These are small cell carcinomas, neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas), transitional carcinomas and sarcomas.