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Prostate Cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Prostate Cancer in Urdu

یہ مردوں میں پایا جانا والا سب سے عام کینسر ہے۔ پروسٹیٹ غدود کو متاثر کرنے والا یہ کینسر اگر ابتد ہی میں تشخیص ہوجائے تو علاج کے کامیاب ہونے کے مواقع بہتر ہو جاتے ہیں۔ اس کینسر کی کچھ اقسام اسی غدود تک محدود رہتی ہیں اور کچھ جسم کے دوسرے حصوں تک پھیل جانے کی صلاحیت رکھتی ہیں

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Summary about Prostate Cancer in English

In the male, cancer that occurs in the prostate glands is known as prostate cancer. In humans, it is a small nut-shaped gland that produces seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. In men, the most common cause of cancer is prostate cancer. Normally, prostate cancer develops slowly and is initially restricted to the prostate, where it cannot cause serious damage. While some types of prostate cancer develop slowly and require little or no treatment and other types of prostate cancer are aggressive and can spread quickly. Prostate cancer, recognized early, if it remains limited to the prostate, is more likely to succeed in treatment.

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

  • Unexplained pain in the lower portion of the body
  • Urinating frequently at night
  • Pain and burning sensation during, before or after urination
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Painful ejaculation 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Weight loss
  • Pain in the pelvis while sitting

Causes of Prostate Cancer

The exact cause of prostate cancer is not found yet. However, prostate cancer develops in the same way as other types of cancers. It starts out as a mutation in the normal cells that start multiplying rapidly and accumulate in the form of a tumor. This tumor might stay localized in prostate or move to other locations in the body and cause cancer there.

Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer

Risk factors of prostate cancer are:

  • Age

With age, the risk of prostate cancer increases as well. This is due to the decrease in the levels of testosterone with age. There is a higher chance of mutation in the genes of men after the age of 50.

  • Ethnicity

There has been no logical explanation for this, but Africans are found to be at a greater risk for developing prostate cancer.

  • Family history

If your family has a history of cancer, then there is an increased risk of cancer developing in your body too.

  • Obesity
  • Lifestyle (drinking, smoking, exercise, diet)

Preventive Measures of Prostate Cancer

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • PSA screening 
  • Avoiding smoking, alcohol and drugs
  • Maintain a good body weight
  • Exercise actively, so you are physically active.
  • Avoid over-supplementation with megavitamins

Types of Prostate Cancer

Majority of the prostate cancers develop from the prostate gland cells. This type of cancer is called adenocarcinomas. There are other types of cancers that can begin in the prostate as well. These are small cell carcinomas, neuroendocrine tumors (other than small cell carcinomas), transitional carcinomas and sarcomas.