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Headache - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Headache in Urdu

سر درد ایک عام شکایت جس سے ہر کوئی کبھی نہ کبھی متاثر ہوا نظر آتا ہے۔ اس کی کئی وجوہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں ذہنی دبائو اور پانی کی کمی سرفہرست ہیں۔ در درد کی کئی اقسام ہیں جن میں میگرین، کلسٹر ہیڈ ایک اور ٹینشن ہیڈ ایک وغیرہ شامل ہیں۔

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Summary about Headache in English

In the modern world, everybody is overburdened. The workload is increasing, this creates many physical and psychological problems in people. Sometimes they face severe headache issues. A headache is a pain that occurs in any region of the head. A headache may occur on both sides of the head. In a headache, an individual might face sharp pain or throbbing sensation. It can develop gradually or suddenly and may last for a longer period of time.

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Symptoms of Headache

Headaches can radiate from a central point in the head or have the quality of a press. They can be sharp, throbbing or dull, appearing gradually or suddenly. They can last from less than one hour to several days.

The symptoms of a headache depend to some extent on its type.

Tension headache:

There may be general, mild to moderate pain that looks like a headband around the head. They tend to touch both sides of the head.


There is often throbbing pain in one part of the head, often in the front or side. There may be nausea and vomiting and the person may be particularly sensitive to light or sounds.

Cluster headache:

May cause severe pain, often around an eye. They usually occur at one season, possibly for a period of 1 to 2 months.

Causes of Headache

Headaches are symptoms that occur when another disease stimulates sensitive nerves to the aching head. In other words, the symptoms of a headache can be attributed to another cause.

A variety of different factors can cause secondary headaches. These include:

  • alcoholic hangover

  • brain tumor

  • clot

  • Bleeding in or around the brain

  • carbon monoxide poisoning

  • Concussion

  • Dehydration

  • Glaucoma

  • Teeth crushed at night.

  • Influenza

  • Overuse of pain medications called a rebound headache

  • panic attacks

As headaches can be a symptom of a serious illness, it is important to consult a doctor as it becomes more difficult, more regular or more persistent.

Preventive Measures of Headache

A healthy lifestyle and lots of sleep can prevent headaches. The most important things a person can do to reduce the risk of headaches are:

Avoid food triggers related to the diet

These may vary from person to person, but foods known to cause headaches to include cheeses, wine, cashews, onions, chocolate, processed meats, dark beer, food additives, dairy products, and wheat.

Avoid excessive consumption of caffeine

Drinking at least six cups of coffee a day can cause chronic headaches due to withdrawal symptoms. Limiting caffeine to two or three cups a day (or none) can help.

Sleep enough

Lack of sleep is a common trigger for headaches. Partially preventing headaches also means getting a good night's sleep each morning to cool off.

Use of physical exercises for the prevention of headaches.

People with tension headaches can benefit from techniques such as progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery. These techniques involve the concentration of the mind in the body, deep breathing and the idea that every tense muscle relaxes in the body.

Consider manual therapies.

Therapies such as massage and chiropractic can help prevent headaches in some people.

Exercise Regularly.

Exercising at least three times a week for 30 minutes can relieve stress and tension that could otherwise cause headaches. Even if your time is limited, it can be useful to divide the workouts into segments of 10 or 15 minutes. In general, good health practices are also good methods for preventing headaches.

Types of Headache

Tension headache:

Tension headaches are the most common type of headache and most commonly occur in women over the age of 20 years. These headaches are often described as a narrow band around the head. They are caused by stretching of the muscles of the neck and scalp. Miscarriage and stress contribute to it. Tension headaches usually last several minutes, but in some cases may last for several days. They also tend to be recurring.

Cluster headache:

Cluster headaches are not annoying headaches that cause unbearable and burning pain on one side of the head or behind the eyes. They usually cause watery eyes and produce a stuffy nose or a runny nose (a runny nose). These headaches can take a long time, which is called a grouping period. The grouping period can be up to six weeks.


Migraines are severe headaches that can cause palpitations, throbbing pains, usually on one side of the head. There are several types of migraines. These include chronic migraine, migraine, which occurs at least 15 days a month. Hemiplegic migraines are those with symptoms similar to those of a stroke. A person may even suffer from migraine without a headache, which means that she has migraine symptoms such as nausea, blurred vision, and vertigo, but no headache.

Headache rebound:

Rebound headaches are those that occur after a person stops taking the medications she regularly uses to treat headaches.


Lightning-related headaches are sudden, severe headaches that often occur very quickly. They usually appear without notice and last up to five minutes. These types of headaches can indicate an underlying problem of blood vessels in the brain and often require immediate medical attention. There are a considerable number of types of headaches.

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