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Gall Stones - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

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Prof. Dr. Maaz Ul...

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Experience: 25 years

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Experience: 13 years

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Experience: 14 years

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Experience: 15 years

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Summary about Gall Stones

Gallstones are hardened deposits of gastric fluid in the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a tiny, pear-shaped organ located on the right side of the belly, just behind the liver. The gallbladder stores bile, a digestive fluid that is discharged into the small intestine. Gallstones can be as little as a grain of sand or as huge as a golf ball in size. Some people produce one gallstone at a time, while others may develop several gallstones simultaneously.

The meaning of Gallstones in Urdu is "Pathri".

Symptoms of Gall Stones

The majority of gallstones create no symptoms at all. They are known as silent stones. However, in some cases, gallstones can produce a variety of symptoms, including:

  • Pain in Upper mid-abdominal or upper-right-abdominal
  • Right shoulder discomfort
  • Chest ache
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Continuous pain
  • Jaundice

Causes of Gall Stones


Some of the common causes of gallstones can include the following:

  • High Cholesterol
  • High bilirubin production from the liver
  • Concentration of bile
  • Liver or blood disease


The treatment options for gallstones include:

  • Cholecystectomy
  • Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy
  • Medications to dissolve stones

Preventive Measures of Gall Stones

You cannot always prevent gallstones. You can, however, reduce your risk factors by maintaining a healthy lifestyle:

  • Avoid foods that are high in fat, and salt, e.g., processed foods
  • Have a healthy lifestyle and go for daily walks
  • Add more fresh foods like fruits to your diet

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