Bipolar Disorder Meaning in Urdu | Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Bipolar Disorder in Urdu

بائی پولر ڈس آرڈر ایک نفسیاتی بیماری ہے جس میں مریض کبھ بے حد خعش ہوتا ہے اور کبھی افسردہ اور اداس رہتا ہے۔ ان دو حالتوں کے درمیانی وقفے میں مریض عموما نارمل رہتا ہے۔ اس مرض کی علامات کا دورانیہ بھی بدلتا رہتا ہے۔ بائی پولر ڈس آرڈر کی وجوہات ماحولیاتی یا وراثتی ہو سکتی ہیں۔ اس مرض کی علامات دوسرے نفسیاتی عوارض سے ملتے جلتے ہیں اس لیے اس کی تشخیص کا عمل خاصا پیچیدہ ہو جاتا ہے۔ بائیپولر ڈس آرڈر کی علامات میں ذہنی دبائو، اداسی، پریشانی، بھوک اور نیند کی کمی، وزن میں کمی، تھکاوٹ اور اعتماد میں کمی شامل ہیں۔

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Summary about Bipolar Disorder in English

Marham enlists the best doctors for bipolar disorder treatment in Pakistan. Book an appointment or online consultation with a doctor for the management of the bipolar disorder. Consult the most experienced specialists for the bipolar disorder based on their qualifications, patient reviews, location, and fees.

What is Bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition characterized by high and low moods. This mood swings disorder is also known as manic depression. Bipolar disorder involves episodes of mania followed by an episode of depression. Bipolar has two types; Bipolar I with an intense erratic episode that requires medical treatment followed by a depressive episode lasting 1-2 weeks. Bipolar II involves less intense manic and depressive episodes.

The treatment for bipolar disorder involves antipsychotic drugs.

What are the symptoms of Bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is indicated by two extremes of symptoms

Manic symptoms 

  • Increased energy 

  • Stress and Agitation

  • Racing thoughts

  • Insomnia

  • Restlessness

  • High sexual desires

Depressive symptoms 

  • Fatigue

  • Suicidal thoughts

  • Depressed mood

  • Decreased energy levels

  • Difficulty talking and concentrating

How to diagnose Bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is diagnosed by physical examination during manic and depressive episodes. Further diagnosis of bipolar disorder is by psychiatric evaluation.

What causes Bipolar disorder?

There are multifactorial causes of bipolar disorder. The major causes include;

  •  Environmental factors

  • Genetic factors

  • Traumatic life events

What is the treatment for Bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is treated using;

  • Mood-stabilizing medicines

  • Antidepressants

  • Antianxiety drugs

Hospitalization may be required for patients who are uncontrollably erratic causing the risk of harm to themselves or others.

What are the complications associated with Bipolar disorder?

The complications linked with bipolar disorder are;

  • Developing Generalized anxiety disorder

  •  Developing Substance abuse

  • Self-harm 

  • Suicide

Consult the best doctor for bipolar disorder in Pakistan now to avoid any complications. You can also book a video consultation through Marham to discuss your symptoms with the most experienced bipolar disease doctor in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

There are several types of bipolar and related diseases. They can include mania or hypomania and depression. Symptoms can cause unpredictable changes in mood and behavior, resulting in significant suffering and difficulties in life.

Bipolar Disorder I.

After the at least one episode of manic disorder individual experienced a hypomanic or major depressive disorder. In some cases, mania can trigger a break with reality (psychosis).

Bipolar Disorder II.

You had at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, but you have never had a manic episode.

Cyclothymic Disorder.

They had at least two years or one year in children and adolescents, many periods of hypomanic symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms (although less severe than severe depression).

Other types.

These include, for example, bipolar and related disorders caused by certain drugs or alcohol or due to a medical condition such as Cushing's disease, multiple sclerosis or stroke.

Bipolar II disorder is not a less serious form of bipolar I disorder, but a distinct diagnosis. Although manic episodes of bipolar I disorder can be serious and dangerous, people with bipolar II disorder may be depressed for a long time, which can lead to significant deterioration. Although bipolar disorder can occur at any age, it is usually diagnosed in the adolescent or in the first 20 years. The symptoms may change from time to time and person to person.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

The exact cause of bipolar disorder is not known, but several factors may be involved, e.g.

The biological differences.

Individuals having bipolar disorder seems physical changes in their brain. The significance of these changes is still uncertain, but could potentially help to identify the causes.

Genetics.

Bipolar disorders are more common in people who have a first-degree relative, such as a brother or sister. The researchers are trying to find genes that can cause bipolar disorder.

Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder

Factors that may increase the risk of developing bipolar disorder or act as a trigger for the first episode are:

  • You have a first-degree relative, A parent or sibling, with a bipolar disorder

  • After the traumatic event like the death of a loved one.

  • Drug or alcohol abuse

Preventive Measures of Bipolar Disorder

There is no exact way of preventing bipolar disorder. However, treatment at the first sign of mental illness can help prevent worsening of bipolar disorder or other mental illness. If you have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder, some strategies may help prevent small symptoms of manic episodes or depression.

Note the signs.

Early treatment of symptoms can prevent the consequences of an aggravation. You may have identified a trend for your bipolar episodes and what triggers them. Call your doctor if you feel you are suffering from depression or mania. Invite family members or friends to observe the warning signs.

Avoid drugs and alcohol.

Drinking alcohol or drugs can make symptoms worse and increase the chances of them coming back.

Take your medications exactly as indicated.

You may be tempted to stop treatment, but no. If you stop the medication or reduce the dose yourself, it may cause withdrawal effects or worsening or recurrence of your symptoms.

 

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