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Piles - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Piles in Urdu

بواسیر کا مرض قبض کے باعث سامنے آتا ہے۔ اگرچہ اس کی کچھ اور وجوہات بھی ہو سکتی ہیں لیکن قبض اس کی سب سے بڑی وجہ سمجھی جاتی ہے۔ مقعد کے گرد موجود نسوں میں سوجن، سوزش اور خون آنا اس کی اہم علامات ہیں۔ دن بھر بیٹھے رہنا اور پروسیسڈ غذائوں کا استعمال قبض کی وجہ بنتا ہے۔ پانی کی کمی اور غذا میں فائبر کا نہ ہونا بھی اس کا باعث بن سکتا ہے۔ بواسیر کے علاج میں غذا کا درست استعمال اور ورزش کرنا اہم ہیں۔ پھلوں اور سبزیوں پر مشتمل خوراک سے قبض دور رہتی ہے اور بواسیر کے زخم مندمل ہونے لگتے ہیں۔ اگرچہ مقعد کے گرد جمع ہو جانے والی نسیں مکمل طور پر ختم نہیں ہوتی ہیں لیکن علاج اور پرہیز سے اس مرض میں افاقہ ممکن ہے ۔اس مرض کے علاج میں درد اور سوجن دور کرنے والی ادویات کا استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔ سرجری کے ذریعے بھی اس سے نجات ممکن ہے لیکن وہ لوگ جو اس سے متاثر ہو چکے ہون ان میں اس مرض کر دوبارہ ہوجانے کے امکانات بحرحال موجود رہتے ہیں۔

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Summary about Piles in English

Piles is another term used for hemorrhoids. Piles is an Urdu term and piles in English is known as piles or hemorrhoids. These are inflamed tissues that gather at the end of the anal canal and can cause discomfort, bleeding, and itching. Pile is a widespread problem and as much as 50% of people get affected with it at some point in their life. Poor bathroom habits, sedentary lifestyle, obesity and a diet low in fiber are main factors leading to this problem.

Find the complete list of doctors who deal with Piles issues in Pakistan. You can also access the complete details of Piles specialists along with other relevant information. You can avail the opportunity to book an appointment through a phone call to Marham as well.

Symptoms of Piles

Symptoms of piles include:

  • Bleeding when passing stool
  • Pain and itching
  • Sore and red area around anus
  • Anal discharge of mucus
  • Formation of hard lumps around the anus
  • Uncomfortable bowel movement


Causes of Piles

It is caused by excessive straining while passing stool which usually is experienced when a person is constipated. Other than that pregnant woman can also end up with piles after delivery or even during pregnancy. Other causes of piles are:

  • Stress
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Lack of fiber in the diet
  • Dehydration
  • Sitting all day long
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  • Anal intercourse
  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  • Spinal cord and bowel surgeries
  • Obesity
  • Continuous heavyweight lifting


Risk Factors of Piles

People with chronic constipation, pregnant women and people who eat too much refined foods are at an increased risk of piles. Having a family history of piles also seems to have some influence. Other risk factors are:

  • Age 
  • Chronic cough
  • Excessive sneezing
  • Obesity 
  • Holding breath while doing physically demanding activities on a daily basis
  • Straining while passing stool
  • Standing or sitting for long time

Preventive Measures of Piles

To avoid this painful condition key is to stay well hydrated and avoid constipation. Some lifestyle habits such as prolonged sitting, standing, stress, and conditions such as pregnancy can also lead to piles. Exercise and a good diet are your tools to stay piles free.

Types of Piles

Piles can be broadly classified in to :

  1. Internal piles:
    These are formed on the inside of the rectum and can not be seen or felt. The only symptom these can cause is bleeding. These are further divided into 4 grades.
  2. External piles:
    This type is located in the surrounding area of the anus and because of the presence of a lot of nerves, these cause pain with bleeding.