Pilonidal Cyst - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Pilonidal Cyst in Urdu

یہ بیماری زیادہ در تک بیٹھے رہنے والے لوگوں میں عام ہے۔ یہ جلد کے نیچے بالوں کے جلد میں مڑ جانے اور مردہ خلیات کے جمع ہو جانے کے باعث بنتی ہے۔ اس میں انفیکشن کے باعث یہ درد اور تکلیف کا سبب بن سکتی ہے۔ اس کو علاج سرجری کے ذریعے کیا جاتا ہے۔ یہ بیماری مردوں اور نوجوانوں میں زیادہ پائی جاتی ہے اور اکثر علاج کے بعد دوبارہ سامنے آنے کے امکانات بھی موجود ہوتے ہیں۔ 

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Dr. Maaz Ul Hassan

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Prof. Dr. Syed Imran Hussain Andrabi

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Dr. Muhammad Mansoor

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Summary about Pilonidal Cyst in English

A pilonidal cyst is an abnormally formed structure under the skin that resembles a pocket or a tunnel. It is normally filled with the debris of skin, hair, fluid, and pus. these can lead to the formation of cysts or abscess.  A pilonidal cyst is almost near the coccyx. Pilonicid cysts usually occur when the hair is pricked and embedded in the skin. When a pilonidal cyst is infected, the resulting abscess is usually extremely painful. The cyst can be emptied or surgically removed by a small incision. Pilonicid cysts are more common in young men and the problem tends to reappear. People who sit for a long time, such as truck drivers, are at greater risk of developing a pilonidal cyst.

Pilonidal cysts are also called pilonidal sinus and abbreviated as PNS. The treatment of pilonidal sinus is done by surgery that is done by giving an incision at the site. 

Symptoms of Pilonidal Cyst

Symptoms that can appear due to the formation of the pilonidal cyst are:

  • Pain 
  • Fever 
  • Foul-smelling pus oozing from the site 
  • Inflammation 
  • tenderness
  • Redness


Causes of Pilonidal Cyst

No definite cause of pilonidal cust has been identified so far. This is mainly considered to be due to hormonal changes at puberty, hair growth, friction, and continued sitting. The friction from clothes and the environment due to continuous sitting can make hairs grow back into the skin which elicits an immune reaction against these. As a result, there is the formation of a cyst at the site which becomes painful due to inflammation and pus formation.

Risk Factors of Pilonidal Cyst

The risk of this cyst is higher in men and young adults who sit for long stretches.

Frequently Asked Questions

A pilonidal cyst is an abnormally formed structure under the skin that resembles a pocket or a tunnel. It is normally filled with the debris of skin, hair, fluid, and pus. these can lead to the formation of cysts or abscess.  A pilonidal cyst is almost near the coccyx. Pilonicid cysts usually occur when the hair is pricked and embedded in the skin. When a pilonidal cyst is infected, the resulting abscess is usually extremely painful. The cyst can be emptied or surgically removed by a small incision. Pilonicid cysts are more common in young men and the problem tends to reappear. People who sit for a long time, such as truck drivers, are at greater risk of developing a pilonidal cyst.

یہ بیماری زیادہ در تک بیٹھے رہنے والے لوگوں میں عام ہے۔ یہ جلد کے نیچے بالوں کے جلد میں مڑ جانے اور مردہ خلیات کے جمع ہو جانے کے باعث بنتی ہے۔ اس میں انفیکشن کے باعث یہ درد اور تکلیف کا سبب بن سکتی ہے۔ اس کو علاج سرجری کے ذریعے کیا جاتا ہے۔ یہ بیماری مردوں اور نوجوانوں میں زیادہ پائی جاتی ہے اور اکثر علاج کے بعد دوبارہ سامنے آنے کے امکانات بھی موجود ہوتے ہیں۔

No definite cause of pilonidal cust has been identified so far. This is mainly considered to be due to hormonal changes at puberty, hair growth, friction, and continued sitting. The friction from clothes and the environment due to continuous sitting can make hairs grow back into the skin which elicits an immune reaction against these. As a result, there is the formation of a cyst at the site which becomes painful due to inflammation and pus formation.

Symptoms that can appear due to the formation of the pilonidal cyst are:

  • Pain 
  • Fever 
  • Foul-smelling pus oozing from the site 
  • Inflammation 
  • tenderness
  • Redness



The risk of this cyst is higher in men and young adults who sit for long stretches.

Pilonidal cysts are also called pilonidal sinus and abbreviated as PNS.

The treatment of pilonidal sinus is done by surgery that is done by giving an incision at the site. 

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