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Sexually Transmitted Disease - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Sexually Transmitted Disease in Urdu

جنسی طور پر ایک سے دوسرے فرد میں منتقل ہونے والی بیماریوں کے لیے یہ اصطلاح استعمال کی جاتی ہے۔ متاثرہ فرد کو اپنا علاج کروانے کے ساتھ ساتھ احتیاط کی ضرورت ہے تا کہ یہ امراض دوسرے افراد میں نہ پھیلیں

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Summary about Sexually Transmitted Disease in English

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STDs) are usually contracted through sexual contact. Organisms causing sexually transmitted diseases can be transmitted from one person to another through blood, semen or vaginal fluids. Sometimes these infections cannot be sexually transmitted, for example from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth or through blood transfusion or needle exchange.

Mostly these infections do not show symptoms in the early stage of the disease and spread from one to another silently. It is possible to get sexually transmitted diseases from people who appear to be perfectly healthy and may not even be aware of the infection. Sexually transmitted diseases do not always cause symptoms, so experts prefer the term "sexually transmitted infections" to "sexually transmitted diseases". The major symptoms of these infections include abnormal vaginal or penile discharge, ulcers on or around the genitals, and chronic pelvic pain. Some infections are too dangerous that they may cause failure to get pregnant, can pass to the new baby or even can cause death. Some sexually transmitted diseases are listed below

  • Chlamydia
  • Cancroid
  • Crabs
  • Genital herpes
  • Hepatitis B
  • AIDS
  • Trichomoniasis (parasitic infection)
  • Molluscum contagiosum
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Syphilis, gonorrhea
  • Trichomoniasis

To prevent these sexually transmitted diseases unprotected intercourse with any partner should be avoided.

Causes of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Viruses

Bacteria

Parasites 

Risk Factors of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Unprotected sex.

Oral sex

Sexual contact with multiple partners

Having a history of STIs

Forced sexual intercourse or sexual activity

Misuse of alcohol

Consuming recreational drugs

Injecting drugs. 

Preventive Measures of Sexually Transmitted Disease

There are different types of STDs. Some of them are curable and some can’t be cured. Marham offers qualified doctors to treat the curable sexually transmitted disease. STDs can be treat using:

  • Antibiotics

  • Antiviral drugs

Types of Sexually Transmitted Disease

Here are some prominent types of STD:

HIV

Chlamydia

HPV (human papillomavirus) 

Trichomoniasis

Herpes

Gonorrhea

Pubic lice

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