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Fibroids - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Fibroids in Urdu

یہ خواتین کو متاثر کرنے والی ایک بیماری ہے جس میں رحم میں غیر معمولی طور پر کچھ اجسام بن جاتے ہیں۔ بہت سی خواتین میں یہ کوئی علامات ظاہر نہیں کرتے لیکن کچھ خواتین میں ان کی وجہ سے ماہواری زیادہ آنا یا درد کی شکایات ہو سکتی ہیں۔ پچاس سال کی عمر کو پہنچنے والی نوے فیصد خواتین میں فائبرائڈز مجود ہوتے ہیں لیکن صرف کچھ خواتین ہی ان کی علامات سے متاثر ہوتی ہیں

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Summary about Fibroids in English

Fibroids are non-cancerous benign growths in or around the uterus. The growths consist of muscles and fibrous tissues. Uterine fibroids can vary in size and are also known as myomas, leiomyomas, myomas, or fibromas. Fibroids can cause complications in certain conditions and need immediate treatment for fibroid in Pakistan. 

Which doctor to consult for Fibroids in Pakistan?

Fibroids treatment in Pakistan is provided by a gynecologist doctor.

In a women's uterus, abnormal growth develops that is very painful and is known as fibroids. Sometimes these tumors become very large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. In other cases, they do not cause signs or symptoms. Outgrowths are usually benign or non-carcinogenic. The cause of fibroids is unknown.

Fibroids are also known by the names, leiomyomas, and fibroid tumors. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), about 80% of women have fibroids at the age of 50 years. However, most women have no symptoms and never know they have fibroids. Medication or surgical removal may help to get rid of these abnormal masses.

Diagnosis of Fibroids

If the symptoms of fibroids appear, the gynecologist may perform certain diagnostic tests to evaluate the condition. They include;

  • Pelvic MRI

  • Ultrasound

  • Hormone level tests

Treatment of Fibroids in Pakistan

  • Uterine fibroids do not require treatment if the symptoms of the disease do not appear.

  • Most fibroids shrink on their own especially when estrogen levels fall low after menopause.

  • Certain medicines may help in treating painful fibroids which include; Antagonists to stop hormone production. 

  • Birth control pills, NSAIDs, and intrauterine devices may be used to prevent heavy bleeding and pain but they do not aid in shrinking the fibroids.

  • A myomectomy is a surgery performed for fibroids that are not responding to pharmacological treatment.

  • The last treatment option for fibroids that still do not shrink by all the other medicines and surgical procedures is a hysterectomy. This is the removal of the uterus to treat fibroids.

Complications associated with Fibroids

Fibroids can cause complications that include;

  • Anemia: Blood loss due to heavy menstruation may result in excessive red blood cell loss leading to the development of anemia.

  • Fatigue: Heavy bleeding caused by fibroids may result in loss of iron and RBCs from the body resulting in fatigue and reduced energy levels.

  • Pain: Intense pain is associated with fibroids that get even worse during menstruation. Abdominal pain, backache, and leg pain are most during fibroids.

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Symptoms of Fibroids

Many women do not have any symptoms of fibroids and are unaware of having them. However, if the symptoms of fibroids appear, they include

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding with blood clots

  • Lower back and pelvic pain

  • Extremely painful menstrual cramps

  • Pain during intercourse

  • Periods that last longer than usual

  • A feeling of abdominal pressure

  • Swelling in abdomen

  • Frequent urination

  • Inability to empty bladder

Causes of Fibroids

Fibroids can develop in women without any known causes. However, certain factors are considered to cause fibroids including;

  • Hormonal factor: Fibroids usually develop in women during their reproductive age when estrogen levels are highest (a reproductive hormone produced by ovaries) while they shrink after menopause when the estrogen levels fall down

  • Family history: Fibroids may have genetic links and the disease may appear in women whose family members had fibroids

  • Pregnancy: Fibroids may develop during pregnancy when the estrogen levels are high

  • Insulin-like growth factors

Risk Factors of Fibroids

Fibroids can affect any woman but the risks of developing the disease are increased in certain conditions that include;

  • Pregnancy

  • Age>30

  • Family history of fibroids

  • Obesity

Preventive Measures of Fibroids

There are no absolute measures to prevent fibroids however the following conditions might be of considerable importance to preventing fibroids to some extent. They include;

  • Using hormonal contraceptives

  • Practicing a healthy lifestyle to manage your BMI for eg eating fresh fruits and vegetables and exercising regularly.

Types of Fibroids

Fibroids are of different types depending on their locations in or around the uterus. They include;

  • Intramural fibroids: These types of fibroids are developed within the muscular wall of the uterus. They are the most common types of fibroids that grow in size and stretch the uterus

  • Submucosal fibroids: The middle muscular layer of the uterus is called the myometrium. Submucosal fibroids grow in the myometrium and are less common as compared to the other types of fibroids

  • Subserosal fibroids: The fibroids developed in the outer serosal layer of the uterus are known as subserosal fibroids. They make the uterus grow large from one side.

If the fibroids hang with a stalk in subserosal or submucosal fibroids, they are known as pedunculated fibroids.

Fibroids treatment in other cities

Best Gynecologist in other cities of Pakistan