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Gynecomastia - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Gynecomastia in Urdu

مردوں میں ہارمونز کی خرابی کے باعث سینے کی بڑھوتری کی علامت کا ظاہر ہونا گائینیکومیسٹیا کہلاتا ہے۔ اگرچہ اس بیماری سے کوئی جسمانی تکلیف نہیں ہوتی لیکن یہ معاشرتی طور پر شرمندگی کا باعث بن سکتی ہے اور اس وجہ سے ذہنی دبائو کی علامات سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔

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Summary about Gynecomastia in English

Gynecomastia is a condition in which a man's or boy's breast tissue overdevelops or enlarges. The breasts grow in size. They may develop irregularly. When a preteen or teenage boy goes through the hormonal changes of puberty, he is more likely to develop gynecomastia.
Breast enlargement in boys and men usually improves without treatment.

The meaning of gynecomastia in Urdu is "Nar mein pastan ka barhao".

Symptoms of Gynecomastia

In gynecomastia, a hard lump can be palpated or felt under the nipple/areola region. Other symptoms are;

  • Swelling
  • Nipple discharge from one or both breasts
  • Tenderness and pain in one or both breasts

Causes of Gynecomastia

Gynecomastia is caused by the following reasons;

  • An imbalance between estrogen and testosterone in males 
  • Some medications like anti-depressants, chemotherapy, steroids, etc. 
  • Health conditions like an overactive thyroid, kidney disease, tumor of glands that leads to hormonal imbalance. 
  • Use of illegal drugs like heroin and overconsumption of alcohol

Treatment

The teenagers having gynecomastia become within 2-3 years without any treatment. Other treatment options are;

  • If any health condition like tumor of the gland is causing gynecomastia, get treatment for that problem
  • If any medicine is causing gynecomastia as a side effect, talk to your doctor and change the medicine. 
  • Use of medicine that helps in reducing the amount of estrogen in your body
  • A surgical procedure like liposuction (removal of fat from breast area) and mastectomy (removal of breast tissue)

Preventive Measures of Gynecomastia

To prevent gynecomastia, you should take the following preventive measures;

  • Avoid alcohol 
  • Avoid illegal drugs like methamphetamine, amphetamines, androgens, and marijuana
  • Do not self-medicate especially steroidal medicines

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