Thyroid Gland Diseases Meaning in Urdu - Symptoms, Causes, and Prevention

Thyroid Gland Diseases in Urdu

تھائیرائیڈ گلینڈ جسم میں موجودغدودں میں ایک ہے جو کہ کئی اہم ہارمونز پیدا کرتا ہے۔ اس گلینڈ کی کارکردگی میں کمی بیشی سے جسم کے نظام میں کئی خرابیاں پیدا ہو سکتی ہیں۔ اس باعث سامنے آنے والی بیماریوں میں گوئٹر، تھائیرائیڈ نوڈیولز، اور گریویز ڈیزیز وغیرہ شامل ہیں۔ 

Doctors For Thyroid Gland Diseases

Prof. Dr. Javaid Iqbal

PMDC Verified

Endocrinologist, Diabetologist

MBBS, FCPS (Medicine), Fellow in Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism

Experience

25 Yrs

Satisfaction

98%

Video Consultation

Available from Jul 19

Rs. 3,000

Fatima Memorial Hospital (Fmh), Shadman 1, Lahore

Available from Jul 17

Rs. 3,000

Diabetic Institute Pakistan Dip Hospital, Jail Road, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 3,995

Iqraa Medical Complex (IMC) Old Building, Johar Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Dr. Hira Baqai

PMDC Verified

Endocrinologist

MBBS, MSC (Diabetes and Endocrinology)

Experience

9 Yrs

Satisfaction

97%

Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 700

Hira Medical Center, F.B Area, Karachi

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 700

Asst. Prof. Dr. Nadeem Naeem

PMDC Verified

Endocrinologist, Diabetologist

MBBS, FCPS(Medicine), FCPS(Diabetes and Endocrinology), MRCP-UK, MACE(USA), Diploma Reproductive Medicine & Infertility(Germany), Consultant Diabetologist, Endocrinologist and Physician

Experience

11 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,500

Imam Clinic, North Nazimabad, Karachi

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,800

Dr. Amanullah Bhalli

PMDC Verified

Endocrinologist

MBBS , FCPS (Medicine) , FCPS (Endocrinology)

Experience

15 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

Farooq Hospital Lahore, Allama Iqbal Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

Bashir Hospital, Khadim Ali Road, Sialkot

Available from Jul 18

Rs. 2,500

Central Hospital, Jinnah Colony, Gujranwala

Available from Jul 20

Rs. 2,000

Gondal Medical Complex Hospital, Civil Lines, Gujranwala

Available from Jul 20

Rs. 2,000

Dr. Azhar Ali Malik

PMDC Verified

Endocrinologist

MBBS, MRCPI (Medicine), MRCP (UK), SCE Endocrinology & Diabetes (UK)

Experience

35 Yrs

Satisfaction

100%

Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 3,000

Medicsi 3 Hospital, Bahria Town, Rawalpindi

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

IRM Hospital (Institute of Regenerative Medicine), DHA Phase II, Islamabad

Available Today

Rs. 2,000

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Lt Col Syed Qasim Raza

PMDC Verified

Internal Medicine Specialist, Endocrinologist, Diabetologist

MBBS, FCPS (Internal Medicine), MRCP (Internal Medicine)

Experience

32 Yrs

Satisfaction

97%

Video Consultation

Available Today

Rs. 2,800

Nisar Hospital, Westridge, Rawalpindi

Available Today

Rs. 2,400

Quaid-E-Azam International Hospital, Main Peshawar Road, Islamabad

Available Today

Rs. 3,500

Eastridge Primecare, punjab, Rawalpindi

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

Spring North Hospital, Bahria Town Phase 7, Rawalpindi

Available from Jul 21

Rs. 3,000

Summary about Thyroid Gland Diseases in English

Marham is Pakistan's leading healthcare platform that provides the list of best thyroid disease doctors in   Pakistan. You can book an appointment with the best  thyroid specialist Pakistan  or also call to know the thyroid treatment price in Pakistan. We are trusted by our top endocrinologist doctors for thyroid in Pakistan who are known for their quality services and treatments based on medical experience, practice locations, availability hours, patient reviews, and fees. 

What is Thyroid Gland Disease?

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the throat that produces certain important hormones (T3 and T4) responsible for regulating essential processes in the body including metabolism and heart rate. Thyroid gland diseases are caused by various genetic, environmental, and dietary factors.

The best doctor for thyroid gland diseases in Pakistan provides optimum diagnosis and treatment based on their 

Types of Thyroid Gland Diseases

Hypothyroidism: Underactive thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This thyroid gland disease is caused by;

  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland can reduce the amount of thyroid hormone production.

  • Iodine deficiency: Lower levels of iodine can decrease the production of thyroid hormones.

  • Hashimoto’s disease: It is an autoimmune disease that can be hereditary.

Hyperthyroidism: It is caused by an overactive thyroid gland. This condition is caused by;

  • Grave’s disease: It is also known as a toxic goiter as the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces abnormally high amounts of thyroid hormones.

  • Increased iodine consumption: Iodine increase results in the production and accumulation of large amounts of thyroid hormones.

  • Overactive nodules: The nodules within the thyroid gland become overactive. It can be multi-nodular if multiple nodules are involved.

Causes of Thyroid Gland Diseases

The causes linked to thyroid gland diseases include;

  • Autoimmune diseases

  • Genetic mutations

  • Radiation exposure

  • Family history

  • Dietary habits

Symptoms of Thyroid Gland Disease

The symptoms of thyroid disorders vary according to the type of the disease. The general signs and symptoms of thyroid diseases include;

  • Unexplained weight gain or weight loss

  • Weakness and fatigue

  • Irritability and confusion

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding

  • Increased hair growth

  • Heat or cold sensitivity

Diagnosis of Thyroid Gland Related Diseases

Thyroid disorders are diagnosed based on the following diagnostic tests;

  • Physical exam 

  • Blood Tests specific to T3, T4, TSH, and FSH

  • Thyroid imaging involving thyroid scan and ultrasound to evaluate the structural deformities 

Treatment of Thyroid disorders

The treatment for thyroid gland diseases is based on the type of the disease. The general treatment approach includes;

  • Hormonal therapy for an underactive thyroid gland produces low levels of thyroid hormones.

  • Beta-blockers for symptomatic management of the disease.

  • Thyroidectomy to surgically remove the overactive thyroid gland. This is followed by thyroid replacement therapy for the rest of your life.

Book online consultations with the best doctors in Pakistan through Marham.

Risk of developing thyroid diseases

Thyroid diseases can affect both males and females but the prevalence ratio is high in females. The following individuals are at an increased risk of developing thyroid disorders;

  • Family history of thyroid diseases

  • Diabetes or certain other medical conditions

  • Taking medicines high in iodine

  • Females aged>50 years

  • People who have undergone treatment for thyroid cancer or other thyroid disorders, previously

Prevention of Thyroid Disorders 

Diseases related to the thyroid gland can be prevented by the following measures;

  • Exercise: Exercise regularly to maintain body weight and strength.

  • Regular check-ups: Get regular check-ups and tests to keep a check on the hormone levels.

  • Diet: Dietary management to limit the over or under-consumption of iodine.

  • Medicines: Keep a track of all the medicines you are taking and inform the doctor about them on each visit.

Symptoms of Thyroid Gland Diseases

The symptoms of thyroid disorders vary according to the type of the disease. The general signs and symptoms of thyroid diseases include;

  • Unexplained weight gain or weight loss

  • Weakness and fatigue

  • Irritability and confusion

  • Irregular menstrual bleeding

  • Increased hair growth

  • Heat or cold sensitivity

Causes of Thyroid Gland Diseases

Thyroid problems can be caused by:

  • Inflammation of the thyroid gland induced by bacteria or virus
  • Autoimmune disorders such as Graves disease and Hashimoto's disorder
  • Deficiency of iodine
  • Formations of non-cancerous lumps inside the thyroid gland
  • Cancerous tumors of the thyroid gland
  • Treatments such as radiation therapy, surgeries, and some medicinal compounds
  • Genetic mutations
  • Family history
  • Radiations exposure


Risk Factors of Thyroid Gland Diseases

Thyroid diseases can affect both males and females but the prevalence ratio is high in females. The following individuals are at an increased risk of developing thyroid disorders;

  • Family history of thyroid diseases

  • Diabetes or certain other medical conditions

  • Taking medicines high in iodine

  • Females aged>50 years

  • People who have undergone treatment for thyroid cancer or other thyroid disorders, previously

Preventive Measures of Thyroid Gland Diseases

Diseases related to the thyroid gland can be prevented by the following measures;

  • Exercise: Exercise regularly to maintain body weight and strength.

  • Regular check-ups: Get regular check-ups and tests to keep a check on the hormone levels.

  • Diet: Dietary management to limit the over or under-consumption of iodine.

  • Medicines: Keep a track of all the medicines you are taking and inform the doctor about them on each visit.

Types of Thyroid Gland Diseases

Hypothyroidism: Underactive thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This thyroid gland disease is caused by;

  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland can reduce the amount of thyroid hormone production.

  • Iodine deficiency: Lower levels of iodine can decrease the production of thyroid hormones.

  • Hashimoto’s disease: It is an autoimmune disease that can be hereditary.

Hyperthyroidism: It is caused by an overactive thyroid gland. This condition is caused by;

  • Grave’s disease: It is also known as a toxic goiter as the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces abnormally high amounts of thyroid hormones.

  • Increased iodine consumption: Iodine increase results in the production and accumulation of large amounts of thyroid hormones.

  • Overactive nodules: The nodules within the thyroid gland become overactive. It can be multi-nodular if multiple nodules are involved.