ہایپو تھائیرائڈیزم (کمزور تائرائیڈ) کی صورت میں تھائرائڈ گلینڈ مخصوص ہارمون نہیں پیدا کرتا ہے. ابتدائی مرحلے میں ہائپوتھائیڈرایڈیزم کسی بھی نظر آنے والے علامات کا سبب نہیں بنتا. وقت کے ساتھ، صحت کی مسائل جیسے کہ موٹاپا اور بانجھ پن سامنے آ سکتے ہیں۔
مصنوعی تھائیڈرو ہارمون کے ساتھ علاج عام طور پر سادہ، محفوظ اور مؤثر ہے.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid does not produce or release enough thyroid hormone into the bloodstream. Your metabolism will slow as a result of this. Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid, can cause fatigue, weight gain, and an inability to tolerate cold temperatures.
Hypothyroidism Facts and Figures
According to research, approximately one billion people have iodine deficiency globally, which is the primary cause of hypothyroidism. In Pakistan, hypothyroidism is more common in females above the age of 50. Some other statistics and information about hypothyroidism have been listed below:
|Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in Pakistan||up to 4.1% in adults and 5.4% in children|
|Common in||Children and Adults|
|At-Risk Gender||Females are 5 to 10 times more at risk than males|
|Average Age for Diagnosis||after 50 years|
|Problems related to Hypothyroidism||Goiter, Heart problems, Mental health issues, infertility|
|Specialists Who Treat Hypothyroidism||General physicians / Endocrinologists|
Hypothyroidism can be caused by either a primary or secondary cause. A primary cause is a condition that affects the thyroid directly and causes it to produce low levels of thyroid hormones. A secondary cause is something that causes the pituitary gland to malfunction, preventing it from sending thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to the thyroid to balance out the thyroid hormones.
The most common primary cause is an autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto's disease. This condition, also known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is inherited (passed down through a family). The thyroid is attacked and damaged by the body's immune system in Hashimoto's disease. This inhibits the thyroid's ability to produce and release enough thyroid hormone.
The following are some of the other primary causes of hypothyroidism:
Thyroiditis can occur after pregnancy (postpartum thyroiditis) or as a result of a viral illness in some cases.
Hypothyroidism is unpreventable. Watching for signs of hypothyroidism is the best way to avoid developing a serious form of the condition or having the symptoms have a serious impact on your life. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of hypothyroidism, the best thing you can do is consult with your doctor. If hypothyroidism is detected early and treated, it is very treatable.
Treatment for Hypothyroidism in Pakistan
The synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine is used on a daily basis to treat hypothyroidism (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, reversing hypothyroidism's signs and symptoms.