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Hypothyroidism Meaning in Urdu- Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Hypothyroidism in Urdu

ہایپو تھائیرائڈیزم (کمزور تائرائیڈ) کی صورت میں تھائرائڈ گلینڈ مخصوص ہارمون نہیں پیدا کرتا ہے. ابتدائی مرحلے میں ہائپوتھائیڈرایڈیزم کسی بھی نظر آنے والے علامات کا سبب نہیں بنتا. وقت کے ساتھ، صحت کی مسائل جیسے کہ موٹاپا اور بانجھ پن سامنے آ سکتے ہیں۔
مصنوعی تھائیڈرو ہارمون کے ساتھ علاج عام طور پر سادہ، محفوظ اور مؤثر ہے.

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Summary about Hypothyroidism in English

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid does not produce or release enough thyroid hormone into the bloodstream. Your metabolism will slow as a result of this. Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid, can cause fatigue, weight gain, and an inability to tolerate cold temperatures.

Hypothyroidism Facts and Figures

According to research, approximately one billion people have iodine deficiency globally, which is the primary cause of hypothyroidism. In Pakistan, hypothyroidism is more common in females above the age of 50. Some other statistics and information about hypothyroidism have been listed below:

Prevalence of Hypothyroidism in Pakistanup to 4.1% in adults and 5.4% in children 
Common inChildren and Adults
At-Risk GenderFemales are 5 to 10 times more at risk than males
Average Age for Diagnosisafter 50 years
Problems related to Hypothyroidism Goiter, Heart problems, Mental health issues, infertility 
Specialists Who Treat Hypothyroidism General physicians / Endocrinologists

Causes of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism can be caused by either a primary or secondary cause. A primary cause is a condition that affects the thyroid directly and causes it to produce low levels of thyroid hormones. A secondary cause is something that causes the pituitary gland to malfunction, preventing it from sending thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to the thyroid to balance out the thyroid hormones.

The most common primary cause is an autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto's disease. This condition, also known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, is inherited (passed down through a family). The thyroid is attacked and damaged by the body's immune system in Hashimoto's disease. This inhibits the thyroid's ability to produce and release enough thyroid hormone.

The following are some of the other primary causes of hypothyroidism:

  • Thyroid disease (inflammation of the thyroid).
  • Hyperthyroidism treatment (radiation and surgical removal of the thyroid).
  • Iodine deficiency (a lack of iodine, a mineral used by your thyroid to produce hormones, in your body).
  • Hereditary diseases (a medical condition passed down through your family).

Thyroiditis can occur after pregnancy (postpartum thyroiditis) or as a result of a viral illness in some cases.

Preventive Measures of Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is unpreventable. Watching for signs of hypothyroidism is the best way to avoid developing a serious form of the condition or having the symptoms have a serious impact on your life. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of hypothyroidism, the best thing you can do is consult with your doctor. If hypothyroidism is detected early and treated, it is very treatable.

Treatment for Hypothyroidism in Pakistan

The synthetic thyroid hormone levothyroxine is used on a daily basis to treat hypothyroidism (Levo-T, Synthroid, others). This oral medication restores adequate hormone levels, reversing hypothyroidism's signs and symptoms. 

Consult with the Top General Physicians in Pakistan online to get the best treatment for hypothyroidism via Marham. 

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