Craniopharyngioma - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Craniopharyngioma in Urdu

یہ ایک ایسا ٹیومر ہے جو کہ سرطان زدہ نہین ہوتا۔ یہ پیچیوٹری گلینڈ کے قریب بنتا ہے اور اس سے زیادہ متاثر ہونے والوں میں بچے اور بڑی عمر کے افراد ہیں۔ اس کی علامات میں آہستہ آہستہ دھندلاتی نظر، تھکاوٹ، ضرورت سے زیادہ پیشاب اور سر درد شامل ہیں. کرینفیفریگوموما کے ساتھ بچے آہستہ آہستہ بڑھتے ہیں اور توقع سے کم بڑے ہوسکتے ہیں.

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Summary about Craniopharyngioma in English

Craniopharyngioma is a rare non-cancerous tumor that starts in a location near the pituitary gland. Although it can affect people of any age it is more commonly diagnosed in children and elderly people. The growth rate of this tumor is slow but as it increases in size it can affect pituitary and other brain structures in the vicinity. Children affected by this tumor may show a slowed down growth rate and are prone to end up smaller than expected. 

These tumors are composed partly of a solid mass and some portion has a fluid-filled cyst. Although these don't spread to other organs but can exert pressure due to an increase in their size. These can affect several brain functions and hence need to be treated.

Symptoms of Craniopharyngioma

Craniopharyngioma can exhibit the following symptoms:

  • Changes in Vision
  • Growth retardation
  • Changes in behavior
  • Headache in the morning
  • Headache that is relieved after vomiting
  • Issues with balancing
  • Increased thirst
  • Excessive urination
  • Short Stature
  • Weight gain
  • Hearing loss  

Causes of Craniopharyngioma

The exact cause of these tumors is not well understood yet but these are suspected to be due to abnormal changes during embryogenesis. Abnormal metaplasia may be the cause of these tumors. These arise from craniopharyngeal duct's epithelial remnants.

Risk Factors of Craniopharyngioma

No environmental or genetic risk factors have been found to influence the risk of these tumors. These are best deemed to be sporadic.

Preventive Measures of Craniopharyngioma

There are no known ways to prevent the occurrence of craniopharyngioma. However, radiation and radiotherapy are used after treatment to prevent regrowth of these tumors.

Types of Craniopharyngioma

Two types of these tumors are recognized. These are:

  1. Adamantinomatus craniopharyngiomas
  2. Papillary craniopharyngiomas

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