Fibromyalgia - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Fibromyalgia in Urdu

پٹھوں کو متاثر کرنےوالی یہ بیماری تھکن، یادداشت، نیند اور مزاج کے مسائل پیدا کر سکتی ہے۔ یہ بیماری ذہنی دبائو، صدمے یا کسی آپریشن کی وجہ سے لاحق ہو سکتی ہے۔ خواتین میں اس بیامری کے ہونے کے مواقع مردوں کی نسبت زیادہ ہیں۔ اس بیماری سے نمٹنے میں ورزش، ذہنی دبائو میں کمی اور پر سکون رہنا اہم ہیں۔

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Prof. Dr. Saera Suhail Kidwai

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Summary about Fibromyalgia in English

Fibromyalgia is a musculoskeletal disorder in which musculoskeletal pain is rife in the body. Symptoms like tiredness, lethargy, mood swings and memory issues accompany this. Memory troubles in fibromyalgia are also called fibro-fog. It is proposed that fibromyalgia affects the brain's signal processing abilities and as a result, it tends to enhance pain sensations. Fibromyalgia is also termed as fibromyalgia syndrome. If you feel affected by fibromyalgia you should consult a general physician to get some help. Although no definite treatment for fibromyalgia is devised yet there are treatments and medicines that can help ease symptoms. Different therapies like CBT, lifestyle changes and medicines together can help to improve quality of life. You can log on to to find and consult the best doctors for fibromyalgia.

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia

Anybody affected with fibromyalgia can experience the following symptoms. These may vary from one person to other sand depend upon several factors. 

  • Widespread pain 
  • Increased sensitivity to pain 
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Feeling exhausted 
  • Deterioration of quality of sleep
  • Trouble memorizing 
  • Difficulty in concentrating
  • Headaches 
  • IBS
  • Anxiety 
  • Depression 

Causes of Fibromyalgia

Any exact cause of fibromyalgia is not identified yet but there are certain factors that are considered to be involved. 

  • Altered pattern of pain signals in the brain
  • Changes in the concentration of brain chemicals 
  • Physical or mental trauma
  • Sleeplessness
  • Genetics 
  • Viral infections 
  • Giving birth

Some disease conditions that are linked to the development of fibromyalgia are:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Lupus
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Temporomandibular disorder

Risk Factors of Fibromyalgia

Risk factors for developing fibromyalgia are:

Gender: Females are found to be affected more commonly as compared to men.
Family History: If anyone in your family has fibromyalgia your chances to develop this disease are increased.
Other diseases: if you have any of the conditions like lupus, osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis you are more likely to develop fibromyalgia.

Preventive Measures of Fibromyalgia

Unfortunately, fibromyalgia cannot be prevented and there is no way recognized so far that can delay its progression. But there are ways that can help you manage this disorder to improve your quality of life. There are many steps you can take to tame flare-ups or aggravation of symptoms.

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