گائوٹ جوڑوں کے درد کی ایک قسم ہے جو کہ جسم میں یورک ایسڈ کی زیادتی کے باعث سامنے آتی ہے۔ اس کی علامات میں متاثرہ جوڑوں کی سرخی، درد، اور سوجن شامل ہیں۔ اس بیماری سے سب سے زیادہ پائوں کے انگوٹھے کا جوڑ متاثر ہوتا ہے لیکن یہ جسم کے دوسرے حصوں جیسے کہ کہنی، ہاتھ، پائوں اور گھٹنے کے جوڑوں کو بھی متاثر کر سکتا ہے۔ اس سے بچائو میں علاج اور احتیاط دونوں ہی اہم ہیں۔
Gout is a type of arthritis and is quite common. It is a complex disorder with appears suddenly with symptoms like pain, swelling, redness, and stiffness of joints. Although the most commonly affected joint is that of the big toe, any other joint like the ankle, wrist, hand, foot, and elbow can become affected. Gout arises due to an excess of uric acid in the body. Increased amounts of uric acid can form sharp crystals in joints resulting in swelling, tenderness, and redness at the affected site.
Gout attacks are sudden and severe often occurring at night. Symptoms of gout are:
Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Your body makes uric acid naturally as well as a by-product of breaking down chemicals called purines. These are found in foods like red meat, pulses, cola, and sugar-laden drinks. When in permissible amounts it leaves your body via urine but its excess can lead to accumulation in joints and also in kidney forming kidney stones. In joints, the crystals of uric acid cause redness, swelling, and affected site feel warm to touch.
Anyone having a family history of gout has an increased risk of developing gout. The use of certain medicines like diuretics is also associated with increasing the chances of this disease. People with chronic diseases like diabetes and those who have undergone gastric bypass surgery also have an increased risk of gout.
Gout is a painful condition but there are ways you can manage and prevent its flare-ups. Preventive tips for gout are: