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Gout - Symptoms, Types, Causes and Treatment

Gout in Urdu

گائوٹ جوڑوں کے درد کی ایک قسم ہے جو کہ جسم میں یورک ایسڈ کی زیادتی کے باعث سامنے آتی ہے۔ اس کی علامات میں متاثرہ جوڑوں کی سرخی، درد، اور سوجن شامل ہیں۔ اس بیماری سے سب سے زیادہ پائوں کے انگوٹھے کا جوڑ متاثر ہوتا ہے لیکن یہ جسم کے دوسرے حصوں جیسے کہ کہنی، ہاتھ، پائوں اور گھٹنے کے جوڑوں کو بھی متاثر کر سکتا ہے۔ اس سے بچائو میں علاج اور احتیاط دونوں ہی اہم ہیں۔ 

Doctors For Gout

Dr. Muhammad Mudd...

4.9 / 5 (47 Reviews)

Experience: 8 years

Rs. 2,500

Prof. Dr. Muhamma...

4.9 / 5 (50 Reviews)

Experience: 31 years

Rs. 2,500

Asst. Prof. Dr. A...

4.9 / 5 (477 Reviews)

Experience: 10 years

Rs. 2,500

Asst. Prof. Dr. W...

4.9 / 5 (157 Reviews)

Experience: 20 years

Rs. 2,000

Assoc. Prof. Dr....

4.9 / 5 (112 Reviews)

Experience: 18 years

Rs. 3,500

Dr. Aamir Saeed

4.9 / 5 (232 Reviews)

Experience: 12 years

Rs. 3,500

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Summary about Gout in English

Marham enlists the best doctors for gout treatment in Pakistan. Book an appointment or online consultation with a doctor for the management of gout. Consult the most experienced Rheumatologist for gout based on their qualifications, patient reviews, location, and fees.

What is Gout?

Gout is a severe joint disease which is a type of inflammatory arthritis. The buildup of uric acid crystals in joints causes it. Gout usually occurs in the big toe but can also occur in the knees, ankles, wrists, and fingers. This type of arthritis is more prevalent in men as compared to women. Gout has no ultimate cure but the disease can be managed using medication and self-management.

What causes Gout?

Gout is caused by increased amounts of uric acid in the body or the kidney’s inability to filter out the uric acid.

What are the symptoms of Gout?

Gout symptoms include intense joint pain followed by swelling, which gets worse at one time called gout flares, and no signs at other times called remission. Stiffness, joint discoloration, and pain are more common at night.

How is Gout diagnosed?

Gout is diagnosed by physical examination followed by imaging tests including; an X-ray, joint scan, or MRI.

What is the treatment of Gout?

Gout has no ultimate cure but the symptoms can be managed using NSAIDs and uric acid control medicines. Gout medicines work to remove uric acid from the body and reduce joint pain and swelling.

Consult the best doctor for gout treatment in Pakistan now to avoid any complications. You can also book a video consultation through Marham to discuss your symptoms with the most experienced gout doctor in Pakistan.

Symptoms of Gout

Gout attacks are sudden and severe often occurring at night. Symptoms of gout are:

  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Pain 
  • Stiffness
  • Limited range of movement
  • Tenderness
  • The affected site feels warm 

Causes of Gout

Gout is caused by an excess of uric acid in the body. Your body makes uric acid naturally as well as a by-product of breaking down chemicals called purines. These are found in foods like red meat, pulses, cola, and sugar-laden drinks. When in permissible amounts it leaves your body via urine but its excess can lead to accumulation in joints and also in kidney forming kidney stones. In joints, the crystals of uric acid cause redness, swelling, and affected site feel warm to touch.

Risk Factors of Gout

Anyone having a family history of gout has an increased risk of developing gout. The use of certain medicines like diuretics is also associated with increasing the chances of this disease. People with chronic diseases like diabetes and those who have undergone gastric bypass surgery also have an increased risk of gout.

Preventive Measures of Gout

Gout is a painful condition but there are ways you can manage and prevent its flare-ups. Preventive tips for gout are:

  1. Staying well hydrated goes a long way in keeping gout at bay. Now, this doesn't mean you can gulp down as many sugary drinks as possible. Hydration has to be achieved with plenty of water. Limit consumption of high fructose drinks and all other sweetened beverages. 
  2. Limit alcohol usage as recent evidence shows certain types of alcoholic beverages can aggravate gout, especially in men.
  3. You need to watch your diet in gout. Limit consumption of red meat, poultry, and seafood. Use plenty of fruits and vegetables. Take low-fat dairy products as these have a tendency to protect against gout. 
  4. Maintaining a healthy body weight has many other benefits and it keeps gout at bay as well. Avoid fasting or crash dieting as this can raise uric acid temporarily.