Osteosarcoma - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Osteosarcoma in Urdu

ہڈیوں کے کینسر کو آسٹیوسارکوما کہا جاتا ہے۔ اگرچہ یہ جسمکی کسم بھی ہڈی کو متاثر کرنے کی صلاحیت رکھتا ہے لیکن جسم مٰن موجود لمبی ہڈیاں اس کا خاص شکار ہیں جیسے کہ بازو اور ٹانگ کی ہڈیاں۔ یہ نوعمروں اور نوجوان بالغوں میں واقع ہوتا ہے، لیکن یہ بھی چھوٹے بچوں اور بڑی عمر کے بالغوں میں بھی ہوسکتا ہے. اس کا علاج میں عام طور پر کیمتھراپی اور سرجری  شامل ہے

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Summary about Osteosarcoma in English

The cancer of the bones cells is known as osteosarcoma. In very rare cases, it occurs in soft tissues outside the bone. Osteosarcoma is most common in long bones, usually in the legs, but sometimes in the arms. It can, however, begin in every bone. Osteosarcoma tends to occur in adolescents and young adults, but may also occur in younger children and older adults. The treatment usually includes chemotherapy and surgery. Radiation therapy is generally ineffective in the treatment of osteosarcoma, although the use of new and improved radiotherapy techniques, such as proton beam therapy, is being investigated. The treatment of osteosarcoma has improved greatly over the years. Perspectives (prognosis) and treatment decisions depend on the location of the osteosarcoma, the size of the tumor, the type and extent of the osteosarcoma, and whether cancer has spread or not. After completing the treatment, patients will need a life-long follow-up to detect possible late effects of intensive chemotherapy.

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