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Plantar Fasciitis - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Plantar Fasciitis in Urdu

یہ ایڑی کے درد کی سب سے عام وجہ ہے۔ یہ ہڈی کو ساتھ جوڑنے والی بافتوں کی سوجن کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ اس بیماری سے متاثرہ افراد میں صنح کے وقت اور زیادہ دیر کھڑے رہنے پر درد کی سکایت سامنے آ سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Plantar Fasciitis in English

Plantar fasciitis is the inflammation of the tissue that acts as a linker between the heel bone and the toes. The disease gets its name from the ligament that is the plantar fascia. The normal function of this tissue is to absorb the shock and stress whenever a person walks, runs, jogs, jumps or does any other physical activity that involves feet.

This tissue gets damaged every day because of the continuous stress on it. Sometimes, this damage is greater than what the tissue can bear which leads to tearing of the ligament or permanent damage. As a result of this damage, the tissue becomes inflamed causing severe pain. This severe pain is felt when a person takes the first few steps in the morning after waking up or after completing an exercise.

Plantar fasciitis can occur as a result of some underlying disease or by itself. This disease is often confused with the heel spur. The two are related, but they are quite different from each other. A heel spur is calcaneus of the foot, a small hook of bone that forms on the foot. Heel spurs are not usually serious and often do not show any symptoms.

Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis

  • Heel and arch pain
  • Pain in the mid-foot area
  • Tenderness towards the heel
  • Difficult in taking the first steps in the morning
  • Swelling
  • Pain feels worse after exercise
  • Difficult while climbing stairs due to pain in heel
  • Stiffness

The doctor diagnoses it with the help of physical examination and sometimes imaging tests.

Causes of Plantar Fasciitis

Due to the delicate shape of this tissue, very high stress and tension can cause small tears. These tears result in inflammation of the part leading to pain during movement. Plantar fasciitis is more common in females than in males. Pregnant females may also experience this pain due to increased weight.

Long-distance running, strenuous exercise involving the feet, acute and chronic osteoarthritis, tendonitis, and obesity can also cause this disease.

A diet that lacks vitamins and minerals can also lead to a lesser and slower bone development rate which means that the damaged part due to daily wear and tear is not replaced by new tissues effectively and efficiently.

Risk Factors of Plantar Fasciitis

  • Obesity
  • High arch
  • Tight calf muscles
  • Continued sports or exercise
  • New or increased sports and exercise
  • Diet rich in vitamin C, fish oil etc that can help in tissue repair and healing

Preventive Measures of Plantar Fasciitis

  • Light walking can end up being very painful for the patient with this disease, however, it is also one of the best ways to prevent the pain from worsening and developing.
  • Maintaining a healthy diet and a low weight will also help you avoid this disease.
  • When you’re exercising, running or jogging, wear supportive shoes with a good arch support.
  • Always do stretching before exercising.
  • Give rest to your heel and feet after strenuous physical activity.
  • Avoid walking barefoot on hard surfaces.
  • Make sure you don’t walk in an incorrect gait
  • Healthy, balanced diet
  • Night splints

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