اٹینشن ڈیفیسیٹ یائپر ایکٹیویٹی ڈس آڈر سے متاثرہ افراد توجہ کے ارتکاز اور اضطراری رویوں پر قابو نہیں رکھ سکتے۔ اکثر یہ بیماری بچوں میں تشخیص کی جاتی ہے جو کہ بہت زیادہ اچھل کود اور بے ہنگم رویوں کا باعث بنتی ہے۔ اس بیماری سے متاثرہ بچے اور بڑے غیر معمولی طور پر حرلت پیں رہتے ہیں، بیت زیادہ بولنا، توجی مرتکز نہ کر سکنا، اور دی گئی ہدایات پر عمل پیرا نہ ہو سکنا اس بیماری کی چند علامات میں شامل ہیں۔
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Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is characterized by a high level of difficulty for a person to focus on and manage behaviors that are impulsive. The person having this disorder remains restless and unnervingly active most of the time. This is also the disorder that has been most frequently diagnosed in the juvenile population.
Even though its signs start appearing in childhood, this order can carry on throughout adolescence and reach through to the person’s adulthood. While symptoms of hyperactivity get better with age, inattention, disorganization, and substandard impulse control persist throughout teenage and remain in adulthood.
People with ADHD show an ongoing pattern of three different types of symptoms: Three categories of symptoms are there of ADHD: Inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
There are a number of factors and causes that are being studied by the academic community. The latest research points towards the gene and environment interactions as the primary characteristics of determinants of ADHD. Researchers have found that genetics, cigarette or drug usage throughout pregnancy, contact with toxins from the environment including lead and lower birth weight all contribute to the materialization of ADHD.
While there is currently no direct remedy for ADHD, plans to prevent and treat ADHD normally focus on lowering the expression of the symptoms and heightening the level of functionality of the individual. Medications are used for the treatment of ADHD. However, they are not without side effects and it is necessary that the right medication is chosen for the right person; the choice of medication would depend on the individual characteristics of patients.
Therapies have also been tried for people having ADHD but the psychological literature provides no evidence for their effectiveness. However, if psychotherapy is coupled with the medications, the effectiveness of the treatment plan has been shown to rise.
Diagnoses of ADHD are very different and so are the plans for treatment and prevention. As per the American Psychiatric Association, there are three types of ADHD:
To be diagnosed with the inattentive type of ADHD, the individual must display at least six of the nine symptoms that follow:
To be diagnosed with the hyperactive-impulsive type of ADHD, the individual must display at least six of the nine symptoms that follow:
The combined type, which has both inattentive and hyperactive-impulse ADHD symptoms, is the most frequently diagnosed ADHD type.