Epilepsy - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Epilepsy in Urdu

مرگی دماغ میں ہونے والے برقی ڈسچارج میں خلل پیدا ہونے کی وجہ سے ہوتی ہے۔ اس بیماری میں اچانک بے ہوشی، پٹھوں کا کھچ جانا اور سانس کی دقت شامل ہیں۔ مرگی کے دوروں کی کیفیت ہر مریض میں مختلف ہو سکتی ہے۔ یہ اس بات پر منحصر ہے کہ برقی خلل دماغ کے کس حصے میں واقع ہوا ہے۔ مرگی کا دورہ پڑنے کی صورت میں مکمل یا نیم بے ہوشی، جھٹکے لگنا اور اعجا کا بے اختیار پھڑکنا شامل ہیں۔ ان دوروں کے تین مراحل ہوتی ہیں جن میں مریض مختلف علامات سے گزرتا ہے۔

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Summary about Epilepsy in English

Epilepsy is a disorder causing abnormal electrical discharge in the brain which leads to periods of unusual behavior, seizures, and some times unconsciousness as well. Men, women, and all ethnicities are found to be equally vulnerable to epilepsy. Still, its symptoms vary widely among masses. Two unprovoked episodes of seizures are considered enough to make a diagnosis. Some people may need to take the medications throughout their lives to control seizures whereas in childhood epilepsy may disappear after a certain age.

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Symptoms of Epilepsy

Symptoms of epilepsy include:

  • Seizures
  • Staring in the air for a while
  • Sudden uncontrolled movements 
  • Blackouts
  • Deja vu
  • Fear

Causes of Epilepsy

Physicians generally classify epileptic seizures as focal or generalized. It depends on the occurrence of abnormal brain activity. Epilepsy does not have an identifiable cause in about half of people with epilepsy.

  • Genetic influence
  • Head injury
  • Conditions of the brain
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Prenatal injury
  • Developmental Disorders

Risk Factors of Epilepsy

Some factors may increase the risk of epilepsy:

Age

Epilepsy is more common in children and the elderly, but the disease can occur at any age.

Family history

If you have family epilepsy, you may increase the risk of an epileptic seizure.

Head injuries

Head injuries are responsible for some epilepsy cases. You can reduce risk by wearing safety belts while riding a car, riding a bicycle, skiing, riding a motorcycle or other high-risk activities.

Stroke and other vascular diseases

Stroke and other diseases of the blood vessels (blood vessels) can cause brain damage that can lead to epilepsy. There are many ways to reduce the risk of these diseases. These include limiting alcohol consumption and avoiding smoking, eating and exercising regularly.

Dementia

In older people, dementia is one of the reasons for epilepsy.

Brain infection

Inflammation or spinal cord the infection of meningitis increase the risk of epilepsy.

Attacks in childhood

High fever during childhood can sometimes accompany seizures. Children with high fever usually do not develop epilepsy. The risk of epilepsy increases when the child has a long stroke.