Depression - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Depression in Urdu

ڈپریشن ایک دماغی بیماری ہے جس کی علامات میں مسلسل پریشانی، اداسی، گھبراہٹ، نیند اور بھوک کی کمی، وزن میں اچانک کمی اور سر درد جیسی شکایات شامل ہیں۔ ڈپریشن کسی کو بھی لاحق ہو سکتا ہے اورمریض کو کسی بھی دوسری بیماری کی طرح علاج اور توجہ کی ضرورت پڑتی ہے۔ ڈپریشن سے متاثرہ افراد زندگی سے بے زار اور اکتائے ہوئے رہتے ہیں۔ ڈپریشن کی صورت میں مریض اپنی جان لینے کی کوشش بھی کر سکتا ہے۔ طبی ماہرین کے مطابق ڈپریشن کی وجہ سے سر درد، جبڑں میں درد اور سانس کی بیماریوں جیسے مسائل بھی سامنے آ سکتے ہیں۔

Summary about Depression in English

In our culture sometimes, discourage the men not to discuss their feelings and emotions. When they did not discuss their issues and keep it in mind, later they develop disorders. According to the American Foundation for suicide prevention, men’s are more prone to commit suicide than females. Let’s find out, what is depression and symptoms and reason for the depression.

In life feelings of down at times is normal and remaining upset and sad is happens to everyone. But if you are facing hopelessness and sadness for a longer period of time, you are developing depression. Depression is a severe medical condition and it becomes serious issues if it gets no treatment.

According to the American Psychiatric Association the death of a loved one, the loss of a job or the end of a relationship is difficult experiences that a person can live. A feeling of sadness or sadness that develops in such situations is normal. The grieving process is natural and unique for every human being and has certain characteristics of depression. Sadness and depression can lead to intense sadness and withdrawal from ordinary activities.

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Symptoms of Depression

Although there are several types of depression, many of them have similar recognizable symptoms. This list scratches the surface, but gives a general idea of what depression is:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, uselessness or emptiness.

  • Irritability, frustration or anxiety.

  • Loss of interest in activities or hobbies that were once pleasant.

  • Sleep disturbances or too much sleep

  • Fatigue and lack of energy.

  • Difficulties in thinking, remembering, concentrating or making decisions

  • Changes in appetite or weight

  • Returning thoughts about death or suicide.

  • Physical symptoms such as headache, abdominal pain or back pain

  • If you have a combination of these symptoms for at least two weeks, it probably means you are currently suffering from a depressive episode.

Risk Factors of Depression

Risk factors of the depression include, if you have depression in your family then there are many chances that you developed depression. Early childhood trauma is the biggest reason for depression. If the frontal lobe of the brain is not active, there are chances particular individual might develop depression. A certain medical condition in the individual might develops depression that is a chronic illness or ADHD. Drug abuser also has chances of developing depression.

Preventive Measures for Depression

The treatment of the depression is possible and treatment can improve the quality of life and individual enjoy a healthy life. Treatment of depression includes medications and psychotherapies. Psychiatrists use medication for the treatment of the depression while the psychologist uses psychological therapies.

Types of Depression

Just as there is no single cause for depression, there is not just one type of depression. The fifth edition of the Manual of Diseases and Statistics for Mental Illness contains nine different types:

  • In many people, the common form of depression is major depression. People with severe depression often experience recurring episodes throughout their lives.

  • Dysthymia is a constantly persistent mood for a long time, even a year or more. 

  • Some people are more sensitive to less light in winter. The seasonal affective disorder is a type of depression caused by the absence of natural light.

  • People with atypical depression often report a feeling of weight in their limbs. You may have irritability and relationship problems and may be overeating and sleeping too much.

  • Bipolar disorder causes the manic and depressive episodes is also called manic-depressive disorder.

  • Depressive episodes can sometimes be so severe that hallucinations or illusions occur. A person becomes catatonic or gets stuck in bed is called psychotic depression.

  • Postpartum depression, depression occurs after delivery. Mothers may feel disconnected from a new child or fear that their child will be hurt.

  • The phase of depression occurs in the second half of the menstrual cycle is called premenstrual dysphoric.

  • This affects the ability of the individual to function normally.

  • Situational depression is triggered by an event that changes our life. This can range from losing your job to the death of a close family member.

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