Dementia - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Dementia in Urdu

ڈیمینشیا کا لفظ دماغ پر اثرانداز ہونے والے بہت سے امراض کے لیے ایک مجموعی اصطلاح کے طور پر استعمال کیا جاتا ہے۔ ڈیمینشیا کی ابتدا ہر فرد میں مختلف طریقے سے ہو سکتی ہے۔ ڈیمیشیا کا شکار ہونے والے اکثر افراد کی یادداشت متاثر ہوتی ہے۔ یادداشت کی یہ کمی متاثرہ فرد کی ذندگی کے تمام پہلوئوں کو متاثر کرتی ہے۔ یادداشت میں تبدیلیوں کے ساتھ ساتھ رویے اور مزاج کی تبدیلیاں بھی ڈیمینشیا سے متاثرہ افراد میں سامنے آتی ہیں۔ ڈیمینشیا کی سب سے عام صورت الزائمر ڈیزیزہے۔

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Summary about Dementia in English

Most people associate dementia with memory loss, but the disease affects people in different ways. This may include behavioral changes, confusion, confusion, delusions and hallucinations, communication difficulties. Every experience of dementia is different. Dementia has different causes. The word "dementia" is only a general description of the symptoms. Symptoms of diseases are memory loss, confusion, and personality change. Alzheimer's disease is the leading cause, but dementia is dementia, Lewy's body dementia, and frontal dementia.

Dementia causes problems of thinking, memory, and thinking. Dementia occurs when the brain part which involved in learning, memory, decision-making, and speech are damaged or sick. Also referred to as severe neurocognitive disorder, it is not a disease in itself. Instead, it is a group of symptoms caused by other conditions. Alzheimer's disease is the leading cause of dementia. Alzheimer's disease is between 60% and 80% of those with dementia. However, there are up to 50 more causes of dementia. The symptoms of dementia can be improved by the treatment. But many diseases that cause dementia are not curable.

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Symptoms of Dementia

First, dementia can cause symptoms like the following:

Not coping well.

You may have difficulty accepting changes to schedules or the environment.

Subtle changes in the creation of short-term memory.

You or one of your relatives remembers the events of 15 years ago as if it were yesterday, but you do not remember what you had for lunch.

Achieve the right words.

Collecting or linking words can be more difficult.

Repeatability.

You can ask the same question, do the same thing, or tell the same story several times.

Sense of confused orientation.

The places you knew well before can seem strange to you. You may also have problems with the routes you have traveled for years because you are no longer known.

Problems following actions.

It can be difficult to trace a person's history or description.

Mood changes.

Depression, frustration, and anger are not uncommon in people with dementia.

Loss of interest.

Apathy can occur in people with dementia. This includes the loss of interest in hobbies or activities that you have already enjoyed.

Confusion.

People, places, and events may not seem familiar. You may not remember people you know.

Difficulty performing daily tasks.

It can be difficult to remember how to perform the tasks you have done for many years. In dementia, memory is not always a symptom of occurring. These first 10 signs indicate that your memory and your mental faculties are decreasing.

Causes of Dementia

The most common causes of dementia are:

Neurological degenerative diseases.

These include Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease Alzheimer's disease, and some types of multiple sclerosis. These diseases get worse over time.

Vascular Diseases

These are disorders that affect the bloodstream in your brain.

Traumatic brain

The injury caused by car accidents falls, concussions, etc.

Infections of the central nervous system. 

These include meningitis, HIV and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Prolonged consumption of alcohol or drugs. Some types of hydrocephalus, an accumulation of fluid in the brain

Risk Factors of Dementia

Age, however, is the greatest predictor. Other risk factors are:

  • Smoking and consuming alcohol

  • Atherosclerosis (a cardiovascular disease that narrows the arteries).

  • High content of "bad" cholesterol (low-density lipoproteins).

  • Blood levels above average for homocysteine (a type of amino acid).

  • Diabetes

  • A mild cognitive impairment sometimes, but not always, leads to dementia.

Types of Dementia

There are several types of dementia, including:

Lewy body dementia

Lewy body dementia is a neurodegenerative disease associated with abnormal structures in the brain. Brain changes include a protein called alpha-synuclein.

Mixed dementia

Mixed dementia refers to a diagnosis of two or three types that occur together. For example, a person may have Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia simultaneously.

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease is also characterized by the presence of Lewy bodies. Although Parkinson's disease is often considered a movement disorder, it can also cause dementia symptoms.

Huntington's disease

Huntington's disease is characterized by some types of uncontrolled movement but includes dementia.

Other disorders that lead to symptoms of dementia are:

Frontotemporal demen

Frontotemporal dementia also called Pick's disease.

Hydrocephalus at normal pressure when excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the brain.

The posterior cortical

The posterior cortical atrophy is similar to the changes in Alzheimer's disease but in another part of the brain.

Down's syndrome

Down's syndrome increases the likelihood of Alzheimer's disease at a young age.