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Panic Disorder - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Panic Disorder in Urdu

یہ گھبراہٹ اور شدید تشویش کے حملوں کی بیماری ہے۔ اس سے متاثرہ افراد کسی بھی موقعے پر کسی بھی وقت شدید پریشانی کا شکار ہو جاتے ہیں اور یہ حالت چند منٹوں میں ٹھیک ہو جاتی ہے۔ اس کی علامات میں سانس کا تیز چلنا، دل کی دھڑکن میں تیزی اور پسینہ آنا شامل ہیں۔ اس بیماری کی علامات میں سانس اور دھڑکن کا تیز چلنا اور پسینہ آنا شامل ہیں۔ ایک تحقیق کے مطابق ہر ۷۵ میں سے ایک فرد ا سب بیماری کا شکار ہے۔ اس بیماری کے علاج میں پریشانی میں کمی کے مناسب طریقے تلاش کرنا اور اچانک حملوں کی شرح کم کرنا اہم ہے۔ باقاعدہ علاج سے معیار زندگی بہتر کرنا ممکن ہے۔  

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Summary about Panic Disorder in English

Panic disorder occurs when repeated unexpected panic attacks occur. The DSM-5 defines panic attacks as sudden waves of intense anxiety or discomfort that subside in minutes. It is basically an anxiety disorder. People with the disorder live in fear of a panic attack. You may have a panic attack if you are suddenly scared and have no obvious cause. You may have physical symptoms, such as A fast heart beating, shortness of breath and sweating.

The American Psychological Association reports that one in 75 people may have a panic disorder. Panic disorder is characterized by a persistent fear of another panic attack after at least one month of concern or concern about new panic attacks (or their consequences). Although the symptoms of this condition can be overwhelming and frightening, they can be controlled and improved with treatment. Finding treatment is the most important part of reducing symptoms and improving your quality of life.

Symptoms of Panic Disorder

Panic disorder symptoms include:

  • Very sudden and recurrent panic attack episodes filled with unsettling anxiety and dread.
  • The individual feels as they are out of control during a panic attack or starts fearing death or some unavoidable doom.
  • There are physical symptoms as well that show up during a panic attack. These include a racing heart, perspiration, chilly feeling, shaking, dizziness, numbness in hands, pain in the chest, stomachache and nausea.
  • The person is fearful for the next panic attack.
  • Active avoidance of areas or situations where the individual has previously encountered panic attacks.


Causes of Panic Disorder

The list of causal factors that might play a part in development of panic disorder as per the research literature includes genetics, stress, a neurotic temperament, and alterations in how the brain functions.
At first, the individual might encounter panic attacks randomly. However, with the passage of time panic attacks get triggered by only some scenarios.
Research also indicates that panic attacks are caused by the body’s spontaneous mechanism of fight-or-flight that is triggered by danger. When the body perceives some danger the heart rate will increase along with the breathing in order to prepare for either a fight or flight. These reactions are also present in panic attacks. However, it is still a mystery why such a fight-or-flight response might occur even in the absence of any obvious danger.

Risk Factors of Panic Disorder

Panic disorder symptoms begin in late adolescence to early adulthood and are more prevalent in women.
The factors that raise the susceptibility for panic disorder are:

  • If the panic attacks or panic disorder runs in the family
  • A very significant recent stress, like a loved one’s death
  • Traumatic incidents, like rape or an automobile accident
  • Major life-changing events like a divorce or birth of a child
  • Excessive smoking or intake of caffeine
  • Any history of major trauma in childhood


Preventive Measures of Panic Disorder

While one cannot prevent panic disorder, there are some things you can do to reduce stress and decrease symptoms: Research has not put forward clear measures of prevention for panic disorder. Nevertheless, there are a few things that one can do that might decrease symptoms of stress. These measures include restricting or properly regulating the eating or drinking of caffeinated products like soft drinks, tea, coffee and chocolate. Exercising on a daily basis and eating a nutritious diet also helps a lot.
One should also consult the doctor before getting any over-the-counter drugs as many of these contain anxiety-increasing chemicals.

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