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Migraine in Urdu - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Migraine in Urdu

درد شقیقہ کو اکثر شدید سر درد کے طور پر بیان کیا جاتا ہے، اور جب کہ سر میں درد درد شقیقہ کی سب سے عام علامت ہے، دوسری علامات بھی ہو سکتی ہیں۔ یہ ایک اعصابی حالت ہے جو سر کے ایک یا دونوں طرف دھڑکتے، دھڑکتے سر درد کے طور پر ظاہر ہوتی ہے۔ یہ چند گھنٹوں تک اور سنگین صورتوں میں دنوں تک چل سکتا ہے۔

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Summary about Migraine in English

Marham brings a diverse range of the best migraine doctors in Pakistan, which you can consult online. We have enlisted the migraine specialists in Pakistan with their immense experience, qualifications, and services.

Migraine is a neurological disease characterized by throbbing pain and pulsing sensations usually on one side of the head. It is often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to sound and light.

Migraines can last for hours to days. Migraine is a primary headache that affects the quality of life and is diagnosed clinically.

Specialist treating Migraine

A Neurologist can treat migraine headaches. Migraine is a neurological disorder involving the brain and spinal cord. Neurologists or neuro physicians specialize in treating such disorders. 

Migraine Triggers

Migraine headaches may be triggered by several factors including;

  • Hormonal changes during menstruation

  • Sensory stimuli include; flashes of light, sound, and smell

  • Medications, including contraceptives

  • Foods containing MCG salt

  • Mental stress 

  • Sleep issues

  • Caffeine

  • Alcohol

Diagnosis of Migraine

Migraine can be diagnosed clinically based on the signs and symptoms accompanied by a physical exam.

The migraine doctor in Pakistan might ask about any medications you are currently taking, along with your dietary and lifestyle habits. This helps to identify the disease and the trigger points.

Treatment of Migraine in Pakistan

Migraine can be treated in Pakistan with medications, which may include;

  • Painkillers

  • Antidepressants

  • Steroids

  • Antiemetics

These medications work either by treating the disease or providing symptomatic relief.

Management of the disease

Some of the major approaches that help manage migraine headaches include;

  • Scalp massage

  • Resting in a dark room

  • Cold or warm compress

  • Several exercises

Through Marham, Pakistan's leading healthcare platform, you can schedule an appointment or online video consultation with the best migraine doctor in Pakistan for treating migraine and related symptoms. The appointments can be made online or by calling 03111222398.

Symptoms of Migraine

Migraine disease has four stages, and each stage comes with its own symptoms. These stages are;

1- Prodrome:

It is an early phase accompanied by the symptoms indicating the disease's onset. The symptoms during this phase are;

  • Mood changes

  • Frequent urination

  • Neck and muscles stiffness

  • Lack of concentration

  • Nausea

  • Fatigue

2- Aura

These are nervous system disturbances that occur just before the migraine attack begins. These disturbances are reversible. Aura usually involves;

  • Visual disturbances like seeing flashes of light, blind spots, zigzag patterns 

  • Tingling sensations 

  • Difficulty speaking

  • Reversible loss of vision

  • Weakness

  • Speech difficulties

3- Attack:

The actual migraine attack may last for 4 hours to 3 days if left untreated, and the common symptoms include;

  • Throbbing pain in one side of the head

  • Light sensitivity

  • Sound sensitivity

  • Nausea and vomiting

4- Post-drome:

Post-migraine symptoms include;

  • Fatigue

  • Depressed mood

  • Confusion

  • Feeling drained

Causes of Migraine

Although the accurate causes of migraine are unknown, certain factors that can contribute to the development of the disease include;

  • Chemicals (serotonin), nerves, and blood vessels changes

  • Genetic factors

  • Environmental factors

  • Hormonal changes

  • Medication overuse

Risk Factors of Migraine

The risks factors for the development of the disease are;

  • Family history of migraine

  • Age (chances increase during and after the 30s)

  • Gender (women are more prone to the disease)

  • Medications for anxiety, epilepsy, etc

Preventive Measures of Migraine

Avoiding migraine triggers can delay or prevent the onset of this disease. It would help if you avoided the following to prevent getting a headache like a migraine:

  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Irregular sleep schedule
  • Processed foods and drinks
  • High caffeine intake
  • Skipping meals or fasting
  • Smoking and drinking
  • Watching bright or flickering lights
  • Certain smells

Types of Migraine

Based on the severity and type of the pain, migraine can be classified into the following types;

  • Migraine with aura (warning signs): It is known as classic migraine. It comes with an aura that includes the warning signs before the headache begins. Visual disturbances are the most common, which include; seeing flashes of light, blind spots, and seeing different patterns. It may be followed by muscle weakness and numbness.

  • Migraine without aura: This is a common type of migraine and comes without any warning signs. It lasts for 4 hours to 3 days and the symptoms involve pain in one side of the head, nausea, and visual and sound sensitivity.

  • Chronic migraine: This type includes severe, frequent headaches lasting for about 15 days per month, and out of these, eight days come with migraine symptoms.

  • Menstrual migraine: Hormonal changes such as a natural decrease in estrogen hormone levels during menstruation can trigger migraine. It is associated with women’s menstrual cycle and may last longer than other types of migraines.

  • Abdominal migraine: It is more common in children than adults and comes without headaches. It is a regular abdominal pain attack that lasts for 2-72 hours causing nausea and vomiting as well.

  • Medication overuse migraine: Certain painkillers like paracetamol, opiates, triptans, and NSAIDs may cause migraines. With their frequent use, they stop curing the pain, which causes an increase in the usage of medicines, and hence, the overuse cycle starts. The medicine, then, stops being effective for migraine and may cause even more pain after use.

  • Vestibular migraine: This type of migraine combines with the symptoms of vertigo and is called vestibular migraine or migrainous vertigo. Along with light and sound sensitivity, this type of migraine also includes movement sensitivity.

  • Silent migraine: During this type of migraine, an aura occurs which includes seeing flashes of light, blind spots, and patterns but these symptoms of the aura are not followed by a headache, thus known as silent migraine.