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Dysentry - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Dysentry in Urdu

اس بیماری کی علامات میں پیٹ درد،،اسہال کے ساتھ خون اور میوکس آنا شامل ہیں۔ یہ بیماری بچوں میں اموات کی ایک اہم وجہ ہے۔ خاص طور پر ترقی پذیر مملک میں اس کی شرح بلند ہے۔ اس بیماری میں قے اور اسہال کی وجہ سے جسم میں پانی کی شدید کمی واقع ہو سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Dysentry in English

Dysentery is an infectious condition affecting intestines and leads to loose stools with blood and mucus as well. This usually results from a lack of hygienic practices. Food or water that comes in contact with affected fecal matter can become a mode of transmission. Affected people especially need to practice hygiene to prevent the spread of this infection. An episode of dysentery may last from 3 to 7 days. 

Symptoms of Dysentry

Dysentery has the following symptoms:

  • Loose motion with blood and mucus
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting 
  • Dehydration

Causes of Dysentry

This disease is caused by bacteria and amoeba. Bacterial species that can cause dysentery include Shigella, E. coli. campylobacter, and Salmonella. Amoebic dysentery is caused by Entamoeba histolytica. Further, it can spread among kids in daycare, people in close contact with affected people, nursing homes, and any other location where hygiene and sanitation have defects.

Risk Factors of Dysentry

Poor sanitation is the biggest risk factor related to both types of dysentery. This typically results from contact with fecal matter of infected people. This disease can spread by:

  • Contaminated food
  • Contaminated water and other drinks
  • Unhygienic habits and improper hand washing of infected people
  • Physical contact with infected people
  • Transmission through swimming pools and lakes

Preventive Measures of Dysentry

Bacterial dysentery can be prevented by maintaining good sanitation practices and adopting hygienic habits. You should:

  • Wash hands thoroughly
  • Avoid swallowing water while swimming
  • Washing hands after tending to a sick person
  • Practicing care whole changing a sick baby's diaper

    To prevent amoebic dysentery:

    Be careful while traveling in what you eat or drink. 
  • Don't eat and drink cold food and beverages
  • Avoid street food
  • Peeled fruits and vegetables
  • Unpasteurized milk and dairy products
  • Avoid tap water
  • Drink bottled water only

Types of Dysentry

Dysentery can be of two types:

  • Bacterial Dysentery:
    This type is caused due to infection from bacteria that include Shigella, Campylobacter, Salmonella, and E.coli.  The infection due to shigella is termed as shigellosis.  Shigellosis is one of the most commonly found types of dysentery.
  • Amoebic Dysentery:
    This type results from exposure to Entamoeba histolytica. It is more common in underdeveloped countries and areas with poor sanitation facilities. It is common among people traveling to these areas.