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Mouth Ulcers - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Mouth Ulcers in Urdu

منہ کے السر تکلیف دہ زخم ہوتے ہیں جو کہ عام طور پر مہلک نہں ہوتے۔ ان سے متاثر بیشتر افراد ایک سے دو ہفتے میں کسی علاج کے بغیر ہی ٹھیک ہو جاتے ہیں۔ اگر یہ السر تین ہفتے کے بعد بھی ٹھیک نہ ہوں تو معالج سے رابطہ کرنا ضروری ہے۔زیادہ تر السر کے زخم گول یا بیضوی شکل کے ہوتے ہیں ، اندرونی حصے سے سفید یا پیلے رنگ اور باہر سے سرخ ہوتے ہیں۔ یہ آپ کے منہ کے اندر یا آپ کی زبان کے نیچے ، آپ کے گالوں یا ہونٹوں کے اندر ، آپ کے مسوڑوں کی بنیاد پر یا نرم تالو پر تشکیل دیتے ہیں۔ ہوسکتا ہے کہ آپ ایک یا دو دن پہلے ہی گھاووں یا جلن کا احساس محسوس کریں۔

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Summary about Mouth Ulcers in English

Ulcers in the mouth are painful sores that occur in the mouth. Although they do not feel well, they are generally harmless and resolve in a week or two. Oral ulcers are common and can usually be treated at home without consulting your dentist or family doctor. Go to your pharmacist first, unless your ulcer lasted more than three weeks.

Symptoms of Mouth Ulcers

  • one or more painful sores on part of the skin lining the mouth
  • swollen skin around the sores
  • problems with chewing or tooth brushing because of the tenderness
  • irritation of the sores by salty, spicy, or sour foods 
  • loss of appetite.

Causes of Mouth Ulcers

  • accidental biting of the inside of your cheek
  • injury from a toothbrush 
  • constant rubbing against misaligned or sharp teeth
  • constant rubbing against dentures or braces
  • poor oral hygiene
  • burns from eating hot food
  • irritation from strong antiseptics, such as a mouthwash
  • oral thrush infection
  • viral infections such as the herpes simplex viral infection 
  • reaction to certain medications 
  • skin rashes in the mouth (for example, lichen planus)
  • autoimmune diseases 
  • underlying gastrointestinal disease such as Crohn’s disease
  • oral cancer.

Risk Factors of Mouth Ulcers

  • stress and anxiety 
  • hormonal changes – some women develop mouth ulcers during their monthly period
  • eating certain foods – such as chocolate, spicy foods, coffee, peanuts, almonds, strawberries, cheese, tomatoes, and wheat flour
  • stopping smoking – when you first stop smoking, you may develop mouth ulcers

Preventive Measures of Mouth Ulcers

  • Brush your teeth gently with a soft toothbrush, taking care not to slip with the brush.
  • Eat a well-balanced and nutritious diet.
  • Try to make sure that underlying medical conditions are well-controlled.

Types of Mouth Ulcers

  • minor canker (small size)
  • major canker (large size)
  • herpetiform (cluster)