Diarrhea/اسہال in Urdu - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Diarrhea in Urdu

اسہال کی صورت میں پاخانہ پتلا اور بار بار آنے کی شکایت ہوتی ہے۔ اس کی کئی وجوہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں انفیکشن، فوڈ پوائزننگ یا وائرس شامل ہیں۔ اسہال کی صورت میں علاج کے ساتھ ساتھ پانی زیادہ پینے کی سفارش کی جاتی ہے تاکہ پانی کی کمی سے بچا جاسکے۔

Doctors For Diarrhea

Profile Photo of Gastroenterologist in Lahore - Dr. Usman Javaid

Dr. Usman Javaid

Gastroenterologist, Hepatologist

MBBS, Diploma in Gastroenterology (UK), Diploma in Diabetes (UK), Member European Society of Gastroenterology

Experience

7 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 1,000

Javaid Poly Clinic, Faisal Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 1,500 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Anjum Diagnostic Center, Wapda Town Extension, Lahore

Available from Mar 01

Rs. 2,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Profile Photo of General Physician in Lahore - Dr. Waqas Gondal

Dr. Waqas Gondal

General Physician

BSc, MBBS, MD Medicine

Experience

7 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available today

Rs. 500

Zubaida Medical Center, Johar Town Phase 2, Lahore

Available from Feb 28

Rs. 2,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Home Visits Lahore, Lahore, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 5,000 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Hameed Latif Hospital, Garden Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,000

Profile Photo of General Physician in Quetta - Prof. Dr. Muhammad Nadir Khan

Prof. Dr. Muhammad Nadir Khan

General Physician, Psychiatrist, Internal Medicine Specialist, Rheumatologist, Diabetologist

MB MRCP(UK), FRCP(London), FRCP(Glas), FRCP(Edin), FACP(USA)

Experience

31 Yrs

Satisfaction

96%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 2,500

Saleem Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta City, Quetta

Available Today

Rs. 1,000

Profile Photo of Gastroenterologist in Lahore - Asst. Prof. Dr. Mujahid Israr

Asst. Prof. Dr. Mujahid Israr

Gastroenterologist, Liver Specialist, General Physician, Internal Medicine Specialist

MBBS, FCPS (Gastroenterology), FCPS (Internal Medicine), FACG (US), SCE (UK), ESEGH ( European Board Of Gastroenterology & Hepatology)

Experience

15 Yrs

Satisfaction

98%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 3,000

Omar Hospital & Cardiac Centre, Jail Road, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 2,500

Ikram Hospital, Marghzar Colony, Gujrat

Available from Mar 02

Rs. 2,000

Profile Photo of Gastroenterologist in Lahore - Asst. Prof. Dr. Salman Javed

Asst. Prof. Dr. Salman Javed

Gastroenterologist

MBBS (Pb), FRCP (UK), MD (USA), MACP (USA), FCPS (Gastro)

Experience

17 Yrs

Satisfaction

94%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 3,500

Omar Hospital & Cardiac Centre, Jail Road, Lahore

Available from Feb 28

Rs. 3,500 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Health Avenue, Garden Town, Lahore

Available Today

Rs. 3,500 Pay Online & Save Rs.200

Profile Photo of Gastroenterologist in Quetta - Asst. Prof. Dr. M Hussain Baloch

Asst. Prof. Dr. M Hussain Baloch

Gastroenterologist

MBBS, MCPS (Medicine), FCPS(Gastroenterology), MRCP (Gastroenterology)

Experience

12 Yrs

Satisfaction

99%

Video Consultation

Available Tomorrow

Rs. 800

Gillani Hopsital, Satellite Town, Quetta

Available from Feb 28

Rs. 1,000

Summary about Diarrhea in English

Marham is Pakistan's leading healthcare platform that provides the list of the best doctors for diarrhea in Pakistan. You can book an appointment with the best diarrhea specialist in Pakistan through our platform.

We are trusted by our top general physicians for diarrhea treatment. They are known for their quality services and treatments based on medical experience, practice locations, availability hours, patient reviews, and fees. 

What is Diarrhea?

Diarrhea is when a patient experiences frequent and loose watery bowel movements. It is a short-lived condition that lasts for 2-3 days. However, its prolonged persistence implies underlying medical conditions such as bacterial or viral infection, food allergies, or medication reactions. Patients also experience fever, nausea, vomiting, dry mouth, weakness, high heart rate, low blood pressure, and low energy levels following diarrhea.

Types of Diarrhea

According to World Health Organization, diarrhea is classified into three types as follows:

  • Acute diarrhea is characterized by frequent watery bowel movements lasting several hours or days. It also occurs in response to diseases like cholera.

  • Chronic diarrhea/persistent diarrhea is when a patient experiences extremely loose motion lasting for 14 days or longer.

  • Dysentery is also a form of acute diarrhea. It occurs due to a stomach infection causing frequent bowel movements with bloody or mucus discharge.

Causes of Diarrhea

Multiple causes can lead to diarrhea, including:

  • Bacterial or viral infection in the stomach or intestine

  • Digestion issues

  • Food allergy

  • Contaminated food or water

  • Medicinal reaction or hormonal treatment

  • Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome

  • Stomach or gall bladder surgery

  • Metabolic conditions like thyroid disease

  • Underlying medical conditions

Symptoms of Diarrhea

In diarrhea, a patient may experience the following symptoms:

  • Frequent visits to the bathroom due to loose motion

  • Abdominal cramps, bloating, and upset stomach with pain

  • Dehydration, skin, and oral dryness

  • Fever and vomiting

  • Less urination and bloody stool

Diarrhea can become a life-threatening disease if left untreated. Therefore, if you are experiencing diarrhea, you should get medical assistance at your earliest convenience.

Diagnosis of Diarrhea

A physician recommends the following tests for evaluating the disease:

  • Complete blood test

  • Sigmoidoscopy

  • Colonoscopy

  • Imaging tests

Treatment of Diarrhea

The qualified top doctors in Pakistan provide treatment for diarrhea which includes;

  • Fruit juices, therapeutic juices, water, and yogurt

  • Low-fiber food intake 

  • Medications including anti-diarrheal, salicylates, or probiotics

However, for severe persistent diarrhea, a physician can refer to the gastroenterologist for a detailed evaluation and diagnosis. Call to know the diarrhea treatment price in Pakistan.

Prevention of Diarrhea

Diarrhea caused by medical conditions cannot be avoided, yet bacterial or infectious diarrhea can be prevented. You may avoid it by:

  • Maintaining good hygiene by washing hands regularly

  • Drinking pure water and staying hydrated

  • Eating thoroughly cleaned fruits and vegetables

  • Eating cooked chicken, meat, and other poultry foods

Complications of Diarrhea

If not treated, diarrhea may cause:

  • Dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in the body

  • Hemolytic uraemic syndrome

  • Loss of consciousness

Symptoms of Diarrhea

Diarrhea symptoms can be:

  • Stool that is in the form of thin fluid
  • Stomach cramps
  • Stomach pain
  • Fever
  • Blood in the stool
  • Nausea
  • Urgent need for a bowel movement

Causes of Diarrhea

There are a number of reasons for diarrhea:

Virus:

Viruses that can cause diarrhea are the Norwalk virus, cytomegalovirus, and viral hepatitis. In children the most common cause of diarrhea is Rotavirus.

Bacteria and Parasites:

Parasites and bacteria can be transmitted through water and contaminated food. Parasites like Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium can cause diarrhea.

Common bacterial causes of diarrhea are Campylobacter, Salmonella, Shigella, and Escherichia coli. When traveling to developing countries, diarrhea caused by bacteria and parasites is often referred to as traveler's diarrhea. Infection with Clostridium difficile can occur especially after antibiotic therapy.

Medications :

Many medications like antibiotics can cause diarrhea. Antibiotics can alter the natural balance of bacteria in the gut. Other drugs that cause diarrhea are anticancer drugs and antacids that contain magnesium.

Milk Allergy:

Lactose is a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. By eating dairy products some people face difficulty in digesting lactose.  Your body produces an enzyme that contributes to the digestion of lactose. In most people, however, the level decreases rapidly after childhood. This leads to an increased risk of lactose intolerance with age.

Fructose:

 Fructose, a sugar found naturally in fruits and honey and added to certain beverages as a sweetener, can cause diarrhea in people who have difficulty digesting it.

Artificial Sweeteners:

Artificial sweeteners found in chewing gum and other sugar-free products can cause diarrhea in some healthy people.

Surgery:

Some people suffer from diarrhea following abdominal surgery or gallbladder removal. Other causes, such as Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, celiac disease, microscopic colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome can also lead to diarrhea.

Risk Factors of Diarrhea

Risk factors for diarrhea include:
Age:
Children and infants are at an elevated risk of diarrhea due to susceptibility to dehydration. Elderly people also face similar concerns.

Environmental factors:
Lack of sanitation facilities and hygienic practices is one of the biggest risk factors associated with diarrhea.

Medicines:

Some medicines including antibiotics have the capability to disrupt normal intestinal functioning.

Co-morbidities:

Diseases like kidney problems and diabetes can lead to diarrhea.

Preventive Measures of Diarrhea

Wash your hands to prevent the spread of diarrhea. To ensure adequate handwashing:

Wash Hands Frequently:

Wash hands before and after preparing food. Wash your hands after handling raw meat, using the toilet, changing nappies, sneezing, coughing and tasting the nose.

Foam with Soap for at least 20 Seconds:

Rub your hands at least 20 seconds after putting soap in your hands. This is the time to sing "Happy Birthday" twice.

Use Hand Sanitizer:

Use a hand sanitizer if it is not possible to wash it. Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if you can not go to the sink. Apply the hand sanitizer as a hand lotion and be sure to cover the front and back with both hands. Use a product that contains at least 60% alcohol.

Vaccination:

With one of two approved vaccines, your child can be protected from rotavirus, the most common cause of diarrhea in children. Ask your baby's doctor to get vaccinated.

Prevent Diarrhea by Travelers:

Diarrhea usually affects people traveling to countries where hygiene is inadequate and the food is contaminated. To reduce your risks:

Look What You Eat: 

Eat hot and well-cooked food. Avoid raw fruits and vegetables if you can not peel it yourself. Also, avoid meat and dairy products that are raw or undercooked.

Look What you Drink:

 Drink bottled water, soft drinks, beer or wine in the original packaging. Avoid tap water and ice cubes. Use bottled water, even to brush your teeth. Keep your mouth closed while showering.

Drinks based on boiled water, such as coffee and tea, are probably safe. Remember that alcohol and caffeine can make diarrhea and dehydration worse.

Ask your doctor for Antibiotics:

If you travel to a developing country for a long time, ask your doctor if you need to start taking antibiotics before you take them, especially if your immune system is weakened. In some cases, taking an antibiotic may reduce the risk of traveler's diarrhea.

Check the Travel Warnings: 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention maintain a health website for travelers on which disease warnings for various countries are published. If you plan to travel outside the United States, read the warnings and tips to reduce the risk.

If you get diarrhea while traveling seek diarrhea treatment immediately to avoid complications. 

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