متلی کی کیفیت کو نازیا کہا جاتا ہے جو کہ اکثر قے اانے کا باعث بنتا ہے۔ اس کیفیت کی کئی وجوہات ہیں جن میں کھانے ہینے کی بے احتیاطی، گیس، زہریلے مادوں کا استعمال اور حمل شامل ہیں۔ یہ کوئی بیماری نہیں ہے لیکن یہ دوسری بیماریوں کی علامت ضرور ہو سکتی ہے۔ اس سے نجات کے لیے اس کی اصل وجہ کا معلوم ہونا از حد اہم ہے۔
Nausea is the feeling of unease in the stomach and is characterized by the sensation of being at the verge of throwing up. It can lead to vomiting. There are various causal factors behind this condition, along with many preventive measures as well. The meaning of nausea in Urdu is ‘matli’.
As has been stated above, nausea is sometimes the uneasy feeling right before throwing up. Vomiting or throwing up involves the involuntary removal of stomach contents via the mouth.
While nausea and vomiting are not themselves medical illnesses, they could themselves be signs or symptoms for various diseases that might be more serious.
Most commonly felt in the throat, the upper abdominal area and the chest, nausea is not particularly painful. However, they can cause a lot of discomfort. Nausea symptoms include
The causal factors for nausea vary across age groups. Children are more at risk to feel nausea when they have an infection caused by virus, food poisoning, allergy to milk, motion sickness, eating too much, blocked intestines, coughing or even by illnesses characterized by high fever.
The time of the nausea's occurrence is indicative of its cause. If it occurs right after eating something, it can be assumed that the nausea might have been triggered by gastritis, ulcer, food poisoning or a psychological disorder, like bulimia. Food poisoning can be rightfully suspected to be the cause if the nausea happens within and up to 8 hours after eating. While nausea caused by food poisoning manifests early, nausea resulting from other bacteria in the food might take more time to appear.
People who have motion sickness or are seasick have a higher chance of developing nausea. Women who are in their pregnancy’s first trimester are also susceptible to getting nauseous. Some people might ingest medicines which could make them throw up. Pain and distress can also be responsible.
Other risk factors include gallbladder ailment, infections like stomach flu, food poisoning, eating too much, brain injury and heart attack.
Extensive research has also identified brain tumor, stomach ulcers, certain cancer types along with certain psychological disorders like Bulimia.
There are multiple measures for preventing nausea. These target the risk and causal factors. Furthermore, the division of meals should be into smaller and more spread out portions than just 3 large ones. Eating at a slower pace and avoiding foods that are difficult to digest also help.
Water and other liquids should be drunk before or after meals rather than during the meal itself. The person should also rest after having a meal in a way that their head is slightly elevated above their feet. Consuming food when one is nauseated has also been advised against by experts.
There are preventive measures for nausea in children as well. If the child is having motion sickness during a car ride, the adult should position them in such a way that they are not near the window, as looking at fast moving objects could end up worsening the nausea. The parents or supervisor should also instruct the children to not play video games in the car. Furthermore, care should be taken in the matter of not allowing children to engage in playful activities during meals or when they are not eating.