Acidity is characterized by the increased secretion of acid in the stomach that causes pain and burning sensation in the middle of chest after the intake of meal. It consists of the feeling of heartburn that is felt in the area of the lower part of the chest. This is caused by the backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus. Many people are completely unaware that this occurs because of habits and lifestyle choices that are very unhealthy.
What happens is that the gastric glands end up generating too much acid than is needed to help in digestion. The consequence is the burning feel that seems to come from just upwards of the stomach or just downwards of the breastbone.
In common tongue, this condition is called ‘heartburn’. It might also be understood as ‘acid indigestion’. In more scientific spheres, acidity is called acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), and acid reflux.
Nevertheless, it is fairly common to experience an occasional heartburn. This type could be relieved by simple antacids.
The most common heartburn symptoms are:
The primary cause for acidity is the stomach acid’s backflow into the tubing through which the food that we eat travels from the mouth to the stomach.
In normal circumstances, a muscle band at the end of that tube, right above the stomach, relaxes when the person swallows. This is so that the food and fluids that were consumed can easily enter the stomach. Once the food is completely transported into the stomach, this muscle contracts again and closes the opening.
However, in the case of acidity, this muscle grows weak and the stomach acid flows back up the esophagus. This is the process behind the heartburn. The backflow of acid could become even worse when the person decides to bend over or lay down.
The following foods and drinks, among others, can potentially cause acidity in certain persons:
Other risk factors that could increase vulnerability to heartburns include being obese or pregnant
One can prevent heartburns, or at least manage them, by slightly changing their daily routines and lifestyle. These measures could be tried: