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Noise Induced Hearing Loss - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Noise Induced Hearing Loss in Urdu

شور کی وجہ سے سماعت کا زائل ہوجانا وہ مستقل حالت ہوتی ہے جو کہ کان کے اندر موجود چھوٹے بالوں والے خلیات کے ختم ہونے کے سبب ہوتا ہے جن کو اسٹیریوسیلیا کہتے ہیں ۔اس کا سبب زيادہ عرصے تک بہت تیز آوازوں کا سننا ہوتا ہے ۔ یہ بعض اوقات اچانک ہونے والے کسی دھماکے یا گولی کی آواز کے سبب بھی ہو سکتا ہے- شور کی وجہ سے سماعت زائل ہونا سماعت کی خرابی کی ایک اہم وجہ ہے-

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Summary about Noise Induced Hearing Loss in English

Noise induced hearing loss is permanent damage to the tiny hair cells in the ears, known as stereocilia, due to the loud sounds. It is caused by being around loud noise for long period of time. It can also occur when you are exposed to loud sound but for short period of time like in gun shot.
Noise induced hearing loss is the second most common cause of hearing loss.

Symptoms of Noise Induced Hearing Loss

A person may experience the following symptoms in mild cases or when your noise induced hearing loss starts;

  • Feeling pain in your ears after loud noise exposure.
  • When other people say, you're talking loudly or shouting.
  • Symptoms of tinnitus—ringing, whooshing, roaring or buzzing sounds in your ears.
  • You may experience diplacusis, or "double hearing," though this is rare.

Causes of Noise Induced Hearing Loss

The major cause of noise induced hearing loss is the over exposure to loud noises for long period of time or exposure to very loud noise for a short period of time (gun shot, explosion).

Preventive Measures of Noise Induced Hearing Loss

  • The main preventive measure for noise induced hearing loss is avoiding loud noise. 
  • Wear ear protectors while working in a loud noise area
  • Control noise pollution
  • Don’t listen to loud music for long period of time.

Treatment

There is no treatment for permanent hearing loss caused by the noise induced hearing loss. The only treatment to deal with this problem is to use hearing aids and hearing implants like cochlear implants.