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Severe Ear Barotrauma - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Severe Ear Barotrauma in Urdu

ائير باروٹراما کان کا ایسا درد ہوتا ہے جو کہ کان کے پریشر کو تبدیل کر دیتا ہے ۔جس کی وجہ سے بے چینی اور درد ہوتا ہے اس کے ساتھ ساتھ سننے میں بھی دشواری کا سامنا کرنا پڑ سکتا ہے
یہ بیماری عام طور پر خود ہی ٹھیک ہو جاتی ہے مگر بعض افراد کو اس کے لیۓ ڈاکٹر کے پاس جانے کی ضرورت پڑ سکتی ہے یا پھر پیچیدہ صورتحال کی صورت میں سرجری کی بھی ضرورت پڑ سکتی ہے
یہ بیماری شدید بھی ہو سکتی ہے ۔مگر یہ بے ضرر ہو تی ہے ۔ لیکن اگر اس کی علامات طویل وقت تک رہیں تو اس صورت میں دیگر پیچیدگیوں کا سبب بن سکتی ہیں

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Summary about Severe Ear Barotrauma in English

Ear barotrauma is a type of ear pain caused by a change in ear pressure. It can result in discomfort or pain, as well as hearing difficulties. Ear barotrauma usually goes away on its own, but some people may need to see a doctor or have surgery to correct it in the most severe cases.
The problem can be either acute or chronic. Acute cases are common and, in most cases, unharmful. Chronic ear barotrauma, on the other hand, causes long-term symptoms that can lead to further complications.

Symptoms of Severe Ear Barotrauma

A person may experience the following symptoms in mild cases or when ear barotrauma first begins:

  • a feeling of fullness in the ear
  • dizziness
  • difficulty hearing or a mild hearing loss
  • overall discomfort in the ear

Additional or worsening symptoms may occur in moderate to severe cases of ear barotrauma or if ear barotrauma is left untreated. These may include the following:

  • injury to the eardrum
  • pressure sensation in-ear, which is similar to the feeling of being underwater
  • increased pain in the ear
  • bleeding or fluid leakage from the ear
  • moderate to severe hearing loss

Causes of Severe Ear Barotrauma

Ears are sensitive to changes in water and air pressure. Even so, most people do not experience ear barotrauma. If the eustachian tube isn't opening properly, the person could be at risk. This could be due to:

  • Stuffy sinuses
  • Shape and size of the ear canal
  • Allergies
  • A cold or other infection
  • Hormonal changes such as pregnancy
  • Tobacco smoke or other irritants

People who work in the military or scuba dive without proper equipment are more likely to suffer from ear barotrauma.

Preventive Measures of Severe Ear Barotrauma

Steps to prevent ear barotrauma include:

  • Chew, yawn, and swallow when you feel signs of barotrauma, which can relieve symptoms
  • Always consult a doctor and be aware of the possible side effects before taking any new medications.
  • Take decongestants or antihistamines before flying on a plane or before scuba diving.
  • descend slowly while diving
  • avoid wearing earplugs during flying or driving
  • exhale through the nose during an ascent in the altitude

Treatment

The majority of people's airplane ear heals over time. If the symptoms persist, treatments are required to equalize pressure and relieve symptoms. The following are some of the treatments:

  • Medications
  • Self-care therapies
  • Surgery