Ulcer - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Ulcer in Urdu

گیسٹرک السر کھلے زخم ہیں جو پیٹ کی اندرونی استر میں اور اندرونی اوپری حصے میں تیار ہوتے ہیں. گیسٹرک السر کا سب سے عام علامت پیٹ میں درد ہے. اس سے متاچر افراد کو باقاعدہ علاج اور پرہیز کی ضرورت ہوتی ہے۔

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Summary about Ulcer in English

Ulcers are open wounds that affect the stomach, the upper part of small intestine, and rarely these can be found in the esophagus as. The inside of the stomach and intestines are lined with mucosa that protects these structures from acidic secretions of the stomach. Anybody affected by ulcer can have great discomfort and low quality of life.

When this protective coating wears off acids of stomach start injuring intestine and stomach. Ulcers affecting digestive tract are also called peptic ulcers. Peptic ulcers are mostly caused by infections due to a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori. Other factors such as stress and excessively used of NSAIDs can also lead to ulcers. People who smoke and use alcohol are also at an elevated risk of getting affected by ulcers. 

Fortunately, there are several treatment options available to fight off this problem. You will need to get in touch with a good gastroenterologist. The easiest way to find and consult the best gastroenterologist is by using marham.pk. Log on now to book your appointment or a video or audio consultations.

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Symptoms of Ulcer

The most common symptoms of a peptic ulcer are the following:

  • Burning sensation 
  • Avoiding food due to discomfort
  • Pain that improves upon food intake or by antacids
  • Feeling of fullness
  • Bloating or belching
  • Vomiting
  • Dark stools
  • Blood in vomitus
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea
  • Stomach pain
  • Weight loss due to no apparent reason

Causes of Ulcer

There are several factors that contribute to the development of an ulcer. However, H. Pylori is considered to be the most common one. Other causes are:

  • Stress
  • Inappropriate and excessive use of pain killers
  • SSRIs and some other medications are also considered to increase chances of ulcers


Risk Factors of Ulcer

Over intake of acidic and spicy foods, smoking and alcoholism tend to enhance the chances of an ulcer. Sometimes people have H. Pylori bacteria and it does not show any symptoms. Poor lifestyle habits like those mentioned before can lead to ulcers and hence an H. Pylori infection as well. Similarly having untreated stress also increases chances of an ulcer.

Preventive Measures of Ulcer

Smoking cessation, keeping alcohol intake to a minimum and managing stress can help you to stay safe from ulcers. Additionally, get screened for H. Pylori. Use pain relievers minimally. Mode of transmission of H.Pylori is not very clearly understood yet but it is thought to be transmitted by contaminated by food and water. If you clean your hands thoroughly and eat foods that are cooked properly you can keep chances of getting this infection to a minimum.

Types of Ulcer

Peptic ulcers can either be gastric that are present in the lining of the stomach or duodenal that are located in the initial part of small intestine. Rarely these ulcers can affect esophagus in that care these are termed as esophageal ulcers.