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Acne Meaning in Urdu - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Acne in Urdu

ایکنی جلد پر دانوں اور مہاسوں کی صورتحال کا نام ہے۔ جلد کے مسام مردہ خلیوں اور چکنائی کے باعث بند ہو جاتے ہیں اور ان میں انفیکشن پیدا یونے سے جلد پر دانوں کی شکایت سامنے آ سکتی ہے۔ ایکنی

کندھوں، سینے، کمر کے اوپری حصے اور چہرے کی جلد کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے۔ نوجوانوں میں ایکنی کی شکایت عام ہے۔ ایکنی کے کئی موثر علاج موجود ہیں لیکن ایکنی کی شکایت علاج کے بعد دوبارہ بھی سامنے آ سکتی ہے۔ حاملہ خواتین میں بھی ہارمونز کی تبدیلیوں کے باعث ایکنی کی شکایات سامنے آ سکتی ہیں۔ موجودہ دور مہں ایکنی کے علاج کے کئی طریقے متعارف کروائے جا چکے ہیں۔ ناکافی صفائی یا علاج میں غفلت برتنے سے ایکنی کی نوعیت شدید ہو سکتی ہے۔

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Summary about Acne in English

Marham, Pakistan's leading healthcare platform provides the list of best acne doctor in Pakistan. You can book an appointment with the best acne specialist Pakistan or also call to know the acne treatment price. We are trusted by our acne doctors in Pakistan who are known for their quality services and treatments based on their medical experience, practice locations, availability hours, patient reviews, and price range. 

What is acne?

Acne vulgaris is a chronic dermal (skin) problem. It occurs when the skin pores get clogged with oil and the dead cells on the skin. Usually, it appears in the form of pimples, whiteheads, or blackheads and in areas with the most sebaceous glands like the shoulders, chest, upper back, and face. Acne occurs the most in almost 95% of teenagers.

While treatment for acne is available in Pakistan is possible, it might still persist. The healing process is slow and usually, when one fades away, newer pimples and bumps appear. 

What are the types of acne disease?

The different types of acne vulgaris result in the appearance of different types of lesions. They are;

  • Whiteheads appear as the hair follicles and oil glands clog due to the presence of excess oil and dead skin cells.

  • Blackheads are open skin bumps due to the presence of dead skin cells that look like dust filled in the bump.

  • Pimples that are indicative of acne. They are bumps filled with pus and are the most prominent symptom of acne vulgaris.

  • Pus-filled lesions which are extremely painful.

  • Skin nodules which are cystic bumps on the skin. They may be black or brown in color.

How does a dermatologist diagnose acne?

Acne can easily be diagnosed by the physical examination of the face, chest, or back skin. Acne can be mild, moderate, or severe depending on the number of skin nodules and scarring.

A medical and family history followed by laboratory tests may be required to diagnose the underlying causes of acne like hormonal imbalance, PCOS, etc.

Acne treatment in Pakistan

The treatment of acne vulgaris includes;

  • Topical acne medicinal creams and gels like antibiotics, retinoids, and salicylic acids

  • Oral hormonal medicines and antibiotics

  • Skin therapies include chemical peel, extraction, or steroid injection.

Risks for developing acne

Acne is a skin disease that affects anyone infected with bacteria due to excessive oil production by the sebaceous glands.

However, the risk of developing the disease increases in certain individuals. The risks pertaining to the development of the disease include; 

  • Hormones - The hormonal changes after puberty, in pregnancy, and due to certain diseases may interfere increasing in the number of male sex hormones, androgens, resulting in the development of acne

  • Family history of acne disease

  • Certain medications like antiepileptics or corticosteroids may cause acne as their side effect

  • Age - Acne is prominent in adolescents and affects more than half of the population after puberty.

Additionally, diet, stress, emotional disturbances, or pollution may worsen acne.

What happens if acne is left untreated?

If acne is not treated in the initial stages, it can progress to severe acne vulgaris and acne scars that require surgical treatments.  

Marham provides a platform to consult the best acne doctor in Pakistan. The above list includes clinics where you can book an appointment for ance treatment in Pakistan. 

Symptoms of Acne

The signs and symptoms of acne are quite evident and may include;

  • Clogged pores
  • Open pores
  • Pimples
  • Large nodules formed under the skin
  • Painful pus-filled lesions
  • Redness and itchy inflammation on the skin
  • Skin scarring

Causes of Acne

The clogging of hair follicles with oil, dust, and dead skin cells results in the development of acne vulgaris. The most common causes of acne include;

  • Excessive oil production by the sebaceous (oil glands) in the skin

  • Hair follicles clogging due to the excessive oil and dead skin cells

  • Bacterial infections caused by Cutibactrium acne  bacteria 

  • Certain inflammatory conditions result in the development of acne

  • The pus released from popping pimples can worsen the situation by developing acne

Preventive Measures of Acne

Acne can be prevented by;

  • Washing your face at least twice a day

  • Protect skin from UV rays and pollution

  • Avoid popping the pimples

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent a hormonal imbalance

  • Consult a dermatologist for treatment of mild acne to prevent severe disease progression.