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Dandruff/خشکی - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Dandruff in Urdu

خشکی سے مراد سر کی جلد کا خشک ہو کر جھڑنا ہے۔ یہ بیماری بعض اوقات گھریلو ٹوٹکوں اور شیمپو کے استعمال سے ٹھیک ہو جاتی ہے اور بعض اوقات اس کا باقاعدہ علاج کروانا پڑتا ہے۔ خشکی بالوں کی صحت کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے اس لیے اس سے نجات ضروری ہے۔خشکی کے انتہائی دائمی معاملات اکثر میڈیکل شیمپو کے ذریعہ قابل علاج ہیں۔ یہ سب سے عام طبی حالت ہے جو زیادہ تر آبادی کو متاثر کرتی ہے۔ یہ بنیادی طور پر سر کی جلد پر اثر انداز ہوتا ہے۔

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Summary about Dandruff in English

If the skin of your body or face becomes flaky or irritated, you should start by looking for a moisturizer. However, if your scalp is scaly, it usually results from too much oil. "It's a common mistake to think that dandruff is caused by dryness - in fact, it's usually due to the proliferation of harmless yeast," says Jessica Wu, MD. "In some people, the yeast starts to feed on excess oil and dead cells in the scalp, which causes the skin cells to fall more frequently and accumulate in the scales."

Dandruff is a chronic condition of the common scalp characterized by scales on the skin of the scalp. Dandruff is neither contagious nor serious. However, this can be embarrassing and sometimes difficult to manage. Usually, someone can control dandruff. Light cases of dandruff only require daily washing with a mild cleanser. The most persistent cases of dandruff often respond to medical shampoos. It is the most common medical condition that is experienced by most of the population. It mainly affects the scalp.

Following steps can help to improve this condition:

  • Proper hygiene
  • Moisturizing
  • Best suitable shampoo
  • Stop scratching

Symptoms of Dandruff

The main signs are;

  • White flakes
  • Itchiness of scalp

Causes of Dandruff

The definite cause is unclear but it is thought that its development is affected by a no. of genetic and environmental factors. Other factors may include;

  • Irritated oily skin
  • Shampooing not often enough
  • A yeast-like fungus
  • Dry skin
  • Sensitivity to hair care products

This process involves the over-growth of the skin cells that may appear in the hairs in the form of white flakes.

Risk Factors of Dandruff

Risk of dandruff is higher for people with oily skin and those who don't wash hairs enough. Use of harsh products also increases the risk of dandruff.