Skin Cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Skin Cancer in Urdu

سکن کینسر سرطان کی ایک عام شکل ہے جو کہ زیادہ تر سورج کا زیادہ سامنے کرنے والے افراد میں سامنے آ تی ہے۔ دیگر محرکات میں نقصان دہ کیمیائی اجزا شامل ہیں۔ سن سکرین اور کیمیکلز سے پاک مصنوعات کا استعمال اس بیماری سے بچنے میں معاون ہے۔ جلد کے سرطان کی تشخیص اکثر  کسی غیر معمولی تل یا نشان کی جانچ سے ہوتی ہے۔ ایسے نشانات جو رنگ اور شکل تبدیل کرتے ہوں یا جلد کے وہ زخم جو تا دیر مندمل نہ ہوں ان کی جانچ ضروری ہے تا کہ اس  سرطان کی بر وقت تشخیص کی جا سکے۔  اس سرطان کی کئی اقسام ہیں جو جلد کے مختلف خلیوں میں ظاہر ہو سکتے ہیں۔ 

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Summary about Skin Cancer in English

The majority of the skin cancers are malignant skin growths that are locally destructive. They develop from the epidermal cells that form the outermost skin layer. Most of skin cancers do not spread to other body parts like cutaneous malignant melanoma. So, their chances of being life-threatening are slim.

Skin cancer can be spotted through close examination of any mole or mark that is atypical in any way. Examination of that mole or mark is necessary, if it is uneven or undefined or has multiple colors or does not heal.

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Symptoms of Skin Cancer

The signs and symptoms vary according to the type of the skin cancer.

The symptoms of basal cell carcinomas are:

  • Pink growths in the skin or lesions that have higher borders and have a crust in the middle.
  • Appearance of a relatively painless reddish, possibly itchy or crusty skin patch.
  • A scar-like area that is white, yellow or waxy with a blurrily defined border.
  • Materialization of a bump that is pink, red or pearly or even translucent.

The symptoms of squamous cell carcinomas are:

  • Scaly red areas on skin that do not vanish easily and can bleed.
  • A persistent open sore that lasts for weeks.
  • A raised, rough patch of skin that has an indent in the center.
  • A growth that resembles a wart.

Causes of Skin Cancer

The cause for skin cancer is the mutation of the DNA in the skin cells. This mutation instructs the cells to grow uncontrollably that result in a noticeable mass of cancer cells.
The epidermis is where the skin cancer begins. This is the outermost layer of the skin and basically protects the internal environment. There are three types of epidermal cells.
A large proportion of the damage to the skin cells’ DNA is because of the sunlight’s ultraviolet radiation. However, it also possible that the skin cancer might develop even on parts of the skin that do not have that much exposure to the sunlight. This means that it is not just the UV radiation that cause skin cancer, but other factors and causes are also involved like substances that are toxic or the person might have a weakened immune system.

Risk Factors of Skin Cancer

Factors that may increase your risk of skin cancer include: There are many risk factors of skin cancer. While skin cancer can occur on any skin color, fair skin is much more susceptible to skin cancer as it has the least protection from the UV rays. Furthermore, if the person has had at least one severe sunburn in childhood their susceptibility to skin cancer is raised. If the individual has a lifestyle that involves prolonged exposure to the sun their susceptibility increases then as well.
Another component to consider is heredity; having one parent or sibling who has skin cancer raises the risk for the condition. Another thing that could also heighten the risk is if the person has himself had a personal history of skin cancer.

Preventive Measures of Skin Cancer

Most skin cancers are preventable. To protect yourself, follow these skin cancer prevention tips: Preventive measures are formed or observed after a clear understanding of the risk factors and causes. The most doable thing is to avoid too much exposure of the skin to sunlight. By staying in orders in the peak hours of sunshine, one can greatly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer.
Another way to avoid the UV radiation as much as possible is to wear a powerful and suitable sunscreen whenever one has to go outside into the sun. While sunscreen cannot completely block out all the UV radiation, it still protects the skin from most of the danger. Wearing clothes that cover the most skin without being too uncomfortable is also a preventive measure in itself. This is because clothes are a very potent protection from UV rays; much more potent protective items than sunscreen.

Types of Skin Cancer

  • Basal cell carcinoma. This cancer appears in the lowest layer of the epidermis; the basal cell layer.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma. Having about a 20% share in all of non-melanoma skin cancers, squamous cell carcinoma is the second most recurring skin cancer type. This type occurs in the squamous cells that constitute a big proportion of the epidermis.
  • Melanoma. This type occurs in the skin cells that generate melanin, the characteristic brown pigment of the skin. When exposed to the sun, these cells darken in order to form a protective layer for the body against the harmful UV radiation.
  • Merkel cell carcinoma. Merkel cell carcinoma develops in the Merkel cells, the cells that help give skin its touch sensation. This type of cancer is characterized by its aggressiveness.