سکن کینسر سرطان کی ایک عام شکل ہے جو کہ زیادہ تر سورج کا زیادہ سامنے کرنے والے افراد میں سامنے آ تی ہے۔ دیگر محرکات میں نقصان دہ کیمیائی اجزا شامل ہیں۔ سن سکرین اور کیمیکلز سے پاک مصنوعات کا استعمال اس بیماری سے بچنے میں معاون ہے۔ جلد کے سرطان کی تشخیص اکثر کسی غیر معمولی تل یا نشان کی جانچ سے ہوتی ہے۔ ایسے نشانات جو رنگ اور شکل تبدیل کرتے ہوں یا جلد کے وہ زخم جو تا دیر مندمل نہ ہوں ان کی جانچ ضروری ہے تا کہ اس سرطان کی بر وقت تشخیص کی جا سکے۔ اس سرطان کی کئی اقسام ہیں جو جلد کے مختلف خلیوں میں ظاہر ہو سکتے ہیں۔
The majority of the skin cancers are malignant skin growths that are locally destructive. They develop from the epidermal cells that form the outermost skin layer. Most of skin cancers do not spread to other body parts like cutaneous malignant melanoma. So, their chances of being life-threatening are slim.
Skin cancer can be spotted through close examination of any mole or mark that is atypical in any way. Examination of that mole or mark is necessary, if it is uneven or undefined or has multiple colors or does not heal.
The signs and symptoms vary according to the type of the skin cancer.
The symptoms of basal cell carcinomas are:
The symptoms of squamous cell carcinomas are:
The cause for skin cancer is the mutation of the DNA in the skin cells. This mutation instructs the cells to grow uncontrollably that result in a noticeable mass of cancer cells.
The epidermis is where the skin cancer begins. This is the outermost layer of the skin and basically protects the internal environment. There are three types of epidermal cells.
A large proportion of the damage to the skin cells’ DNA is because of the sunlight’s ultraviolet radiation. However, it also possible that the skin cancer might develop even on parts of the skin that do not have that much exposure to the sunlight. This means that it is not just the UV radiation that cause skin cancer, but other factors and causes are also involved like substances that are toxic or the person might have a weakened immune system.
Factors that may increase your risk of skin cancer include: There are many risk factors of skin cancer. While skin cancer can occur on any skin color, fair skin is much more susceptible to skin cancer as it has the least protection from the UV rays. Furthermore, if the person has had at least one severe sunburn in childhood their susceptibility to skin cancer is raised. If the individual has a lifestyle that involves prolonged exposure to the sun their susceptibility increases then as well.
Another component to consider is heredity; having one parent or sibling who has skin cancer raises the risk for the condition. Another thing that could also heighten the risk is if the person has himself had a personal history of skin cancer.
Most skin cancers are preventable. To protect yourself, follow these skin cancer prevention tips: Preventive measures are formed or observed after a clear understanding of the risk factors and causes. The most doable thing is to avoid too much exposure of the skin to sunlight. By staying in orders in the peak hours of sunshine, one can greatly reduce the risk of developing skin cancer.
Another way to avoid the UV radiation as much as possible is to wear a powerful and suitable sunscreen whenever one has to go outside into the sun. While sunscreen cannot completely block out all the UV radiation, it still protects the skin from most of the danger. Wearing clothes that cover the most skin without being too uncomfortable is also a preventive measure in itself. This is because clothes are a very potent protection from UV rays; much more potent protective items than sunscreen.