ایگزیما ایک ایسی بیماری ہے جس میں جلد سرخ، خشک اور خارش زدہ ہو جاتی ہے۔ یہ بیماری ہر عمر کے مردو خواتین کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے۔ خاص طور پر بچوں کو یہ زیادہ متاثر کرتی ہے۔ ایگرزیما کی کئی وجاہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں موروثیت، اور الرجی کی وجہ سے جسم کا بے ربط طرز عمل شامل ہیں۔ ایگزیما کی کئی اقسام ہیں جن میں کنٹیکٹ ڈرماٹائٹس، سیبورک ڈرماتائٹس، ڈرماٹائٹس ایگزیما اور سٹیسیس ایگزیما شامل ہیں۔ اس بیماری کے علاج میں جلد کو نم رکھنا اور الرجی کا باعث بننے والی وجوہات کا سدباب کرنا اہم ہے۔
Marham provides a platform to consult the best skin specialist for eczema treatment in Pakistan. You can book an appointment with the top eczema specialist from the above list. We are trusted by eczema doctors in Pakistan who are known for their quality services and treatments based on their medical experience, practice locations, availability hours, patient reviews, and price range. An eczema doctor is also known as an itching specialist.
Eczema or dermatitis is a chronic skin condition in which the skin becomes dry, itchy, and inflamed. The meaning of Eczema in Urdu is "Jِild Par Kharish". The ratio of the disease prevalence is higher in children as compared to adults. Eczema symptoms flare up when contact with an allergen but the infection is non-communicable. The risk of developing asthma, hay fever, and food allergies increases in people with eczema. Eczema skin disease can be treated by dermatologists.
Eczema is diagnosed by physical examination of the scaly patches on your skin and family history
A patch test is performed by the dermatologist to clearly evaluate the sores
Allergic tests are used to confirm the known allergens that aggravate the eczema symptoms.
Eczema does not heal completely but certain lifestyle modifications and medicines can help reduce the symptoms of the infection.
The dermatologist may prescribe;
Marham brings a diverse range of eczema specialists in Pakistan, where you can consult a skin doctor near your place.
Symptoms of eczema include dry skin, itching, red or brown patches on the skin. Small raised bumps, which filled with fluid and crust over scratching. Thickened, cracked sensitive and swollen skin from scratching. It is more common before the age of the 5 years but is persistent in adolescents and adulthood. In normal life, skin remains moisturized and help the skin to prevent bacteria and allergies. Eczema is related to gene mutation in which skin is unable to produce protection against allergies, fever, and asthma.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Eczema is not contagious. Children are more likely to have eczema when the parent has a disease or other atopic disease. If both parents suffer from the atopic disease, the risk is even greater.
It is also known that environmental factors, such as eczema.
These are soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, fresh fruit juices, meat or vegetables.
Mites, pets, pollen, mold and dandruff can cause eczema.
include bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and certain fungi.
Hot and cold temperatures:
Very high or low temperatures, high and low humidity, and sweating can cause eczema.
Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products and wheat can cause eczema.
This is not the direct cause of eczema, but it can worsen the symptoms.
Women can experience more symptoms of eczema when hormone levels change, for example during pregnancy and at certain times in the menstrual cycle.
The risk factors of disease include:
The following tips help prevent seizures (reflexes) and minimize dryness during bathing:
Wet the skin at least twice a day.
Creams, ointments, and balm are closed by moisture. Choose a product or products that are right for you. Applying lotions to your child's skin can help prevent the development of atopic dermatitis.
Try to identify and avoid triggers that aggravate the situation.
Sweating, stress, obesity, soaps, detergents, dust and pollen can aggravate skin reactions. Reduce your exposure to triggers. Infants and children may experience explosions after eating certain foods, including eggs, milk, soy, and wheat. Talk to your child's doctor to identify potential food allergies.
Take a bath or shorter showers.
Restrict baths and showers for 10 to 15 minutes and use warm water, not hot water.
Take a bath with bleach.
The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a whitening bath to prevent the formation of breeds. The diluted whitening bath reduces the number of bacteria on the skin and the associated infections. Soak your neck or affected skin for about 10 minutes. Do not dive with your head. Take a bleach bath at most twice a week.
Use only sensitive soaps.
Choose mild soaps. Deodorants and antibacterial soaps remove natural oils and dry skin.
Dry the skin gently after bathing with a soft, dry cloth and apply a moisturizer when the skin is still wet.
The different types of eczema are listed below;
Atopic eczema: It is the most common type of eczema that mostly begins in childhood. Atopic eczema can exist on its own with other types of eczemas
Contact dermatitis: This type of eczema develops with direct contact with an irritant or the site of allergy due to this irritant. Cosmetics, fragrances, certain plants, etc can result in this type of eczema
Neurodermatitis: This type of eczema starts with chronic itching on the skin, particularly in the neck, groin, forearms, and legs region
Seborrheic dermatitis: This is the type of dermatitis that affects the skin of the scalp resulting in scaly itchy patches and stubborn dandruff
Stasis dermatitis: Poor blood flow in the legs and lower body results in the formation of dermatitis. It forms thickened reddish skin on the ankles
Nummular eczema: It is also called discoid eczema and results in the formation of oozing itchy patches
Dyshidrotic eczema: This type of eczema develops in 20-40 years of age and affects the palms of the hands, sides of the fingers, and soles of the feet. This eczema is common in people already suffering from any type of allergy. Exposure to elements like cobalt and nickel can trigger eczema.