Eczema - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

Summary about Eczema in Urdu

ایگزیما ایک ایسی بیماری ہے جس میں جلد سرخ، خشک اور خارش زدہ ہو جاتی ہے۔ یہ بیماری ہر عمر کے مردو خواتین کو متاثر کر سکتی ہے۔ خاص طور پر بچوں کو یہ زیادہ متاثر کرتی  ہے۔ ایگرزیما کی کئی وجاہات ہو سکتی ہیں جن میں موروثیت، اور الرجی کی وجہ سے جسم کا بے ربط طرز عمل شامل ہیں۔ ایگزیما کی کئی اقسام ہیں جن میں کنٹیکٹ ڈرماٹائٹس، سیبورک ڈرماتائٹس، ڈرماٹائٹس ایگزیما اور سٹیسیس ایگزیما شامل ہیں۔ اس بیماری کے علاج میں جلد کو نم رکھنا اور الرجی کا باعث بننے والی وجوہات کا سدباب کرنا اہم ہے۔

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Summary about Eczema in English

Anyone who has ever had poison ivy or mosquito bites knows how much the scratching urge can be severe, but especially with eczema, it can lead to a violent cycle of itching. "The initial itching causes the patient to scratch, resulting in temporary relief," says Steven Q. Wang, director of dermatology and dermatology surgery at Kettering Cancer, New Jersey. "However, the scratching movement causes micro-lesions in the skin barrier and inflammation that causes more itching."

When your skin gets dry and by itching skin becomes red, inflamed and itchy patches. It is alarming you that you are developing eczema. Eczema is a disease in which itchy, red patch develops on your or your baby cheeks, or chin and chest. It becomes more irritant by scratching. It is common in children but it can occur at any age. No treatment yet found of eczema but self-care measure can relieve itching and stop further damaging.

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Symptoms of Eczema

Symptoms of eczema include dry skin, itching, red or brown patches on the skin. Small raised bumps, which filled with fluid and crust over scratching. Thickened, cracked sensitive and swollen skin from scratching. It is more common before the age of the 5 years but is persistent in adolescents and adulthood.  In normal life, skin remains moisturized and help the skin to prevent bacteria and allergies. Eczema is related to gene mutation in which skin is unable to produce protection against allergies, fever, and asthma.

Causes of Eczema

The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Eczema is not contagious. Children are more likely to have eczema when the parent has a disease or other atopic disease. If both parents suffer from the atopic disease, the risk is even greater.

It is also known that environmental factors, such as eczema.

Irritant:

These are soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, fresh fruit juices, meat or vegetables.

Allergens:

Mites, pets, pollen, mold and dandruff can cause eczema.

Microbes:

include bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and certain fungi.

Hot and cold temperatures:

Very high or low temperatures, high and low humidity, and sweating can cause eczema.

Food:

Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products and wheat can cause eczema.

Stress:

This is not the direct cause of eczema, but it can worsen the symptoms.

Hormones:

Women can experience more symptoms of eczema when hormone levels change, for example during pregnancy and at certain times in the menstrual cycle.

Risk Factors of Eczema

The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Eczema is not contagious. Children are more likely to have eczema when the parent has a disease or other atopic disease. If both parents suffer from the atopic disease, the risk is even greater.

It is also known that environmental factors, such as eczema.

Irritant:

These are soaps, detergents, shampoos, disinfectants, fresh fruit juices, meat or vegetables.

 Allergens:

Mites, pets, pollen, mold and dandruff can cause eczema.

Microbes:

include bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, viruses, and certain fungi.

 Hot and cold temperatures:

Very high or low temperatures, high and low humidity, and sweating can cause eczema.

Food:

Dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds, soy products and wheat can cause eczema.

Stress:

This is not the direct cause of eczema, but it can worsen the symptoms.

Hormones:

Women can experience more symptoms of eczema when hormone levels change, for example during pregnancy and at certain times in the menstrual cycle.


Preventive Measures of Eczema

The following tips help prevent seizures (reflexes) and minimize dryness during bathing:

Wet the skin at least twice a day.

Creams, ointments, and balm are closed by moisture. Choose a product or products that are right for you. Applying lotions to your child's skin can help prevent the development of atopic dermatitis.

Try to identify and avoid triggers that aggravate the situation.

Sweating, stress, obesity, soaps, detergents, dust and pollen can aggravate skin reactions. Reduce your exposure to triggers. Infants and children may experience explosions after eating certain foods, including eggs, milk, soy, and wheat. Talk to your child's doctor to identify potential food allergies.

Take a bath or shorter showers.

Restrict baths and showers for 10 to 15 minutes and use warm water, not hot water.

 Take a bath with bleach.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using a whitening bath to prevent the formation of breeds. The diluted whitening bath reduces the number of bacteria on the skin and the associated infections. Soak your neck or affected skin for about 10 minutes. Do not dive with your head. Take a bleach bath at most twice a week.

Use only sensitive soaps.

Choose mild soaps. Deodorants and antibacterial soaps remove natural oils and dry skin.

Dry thoroughly.

Dry the skin gently after bathing with a soft, dry cloth and apply a moisturizer when the skin is still wet.

Types of Eczema

There are many different types of eczema.

Allergic contact dermatitis:

It is a reaction of the skin after contact with the substance or allergen, which recognizes the immune system as a foreign.

Dermatitis eczema:

Irritating to the skin on the hands and soles of the feet. It is characterized by bubbles.

Blunt eczema:

They are presented as round patches of irritated skin that may have crusts, dandruff, and itching.

Seborrheic dermatitis:

Seborrheic dermatitis produces greasy, flaky and yellowish patches of skin, mainly on the scalp and face.

Stasis Dermatitis:

This is the irritation of the lower leg, which is usually associated with circulatory problems.

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